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Tanwar M.,Laboratory for Molecular Reproduction and Genetics | Sihota R.,Dr Rp Center For Ophthalmic Science | Dada T.,Dr Rp Center For Ophthalmic Science | Gupta V.,Dr Rp Center For Ophthalmic Science | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Glaucoma | Year: 2010

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a progressive condition of mesodermal phakomatosis. This preliminary study is the first report of CYP1B1 mutation analysis in SWS with congenital glaucoma. Purpose: Mutations in CYP1B1 gene are the major cause of congenital glaucoma. CYP1B1 is involved in metabolism of melatonin, retinol, and other endogenous/exogenous substrates. Mutations in CYP1B1 adversely affect signal transduction pathways and thus impair development/differentiation of anterior segment structures. This results in impaired aqueous outflow. CYP1B1 has higher expression in fetal eyes and plays major role in morphogenesis of iris, ciliary body, and anterior chamber angle. Hence, we decided to evaluate SWS cases with buphthalmos for 6 most prevalent CYP1B1 mutations by polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment length polymorphism followed by sequencing. Trabecular meshwork was studied for morphological alterations by scanning electron microscopy. Results: All patients had normal 46, XY karyotype. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction-fragment length polymorphism showed CYP1B1 mutations in 2 of 5 SWS cases. Scanning electron microscopy findings were suggestive of trabecular dysgenesis. Discussion: No CYP1B1 mutation has been reported in any SWS case till date because syndromic cases were not analyzed for mutations in earlier studies. Earlier studies have reported that onset of glaucoma in SWS shows a bimodal pattern. The results from this pilot study show that SWS cases with gyral calcification, buphthalmos, and early onset glaucoma should be analyzed for CYP1B1 mutations. The effect of vascular malformation-induced venous engorgement and raised intraocular pressure may only be additive and may result in a much more severe phenotype. Conclusion: SWS with buphthalmos and gyral calcification should undergo CYP1B1 mutation analysis to identify an underlying genetic pathology for glaucoma. This will aid in determining the prognosis and management and will also help to provide comprehensive counseling in such cases. Copyright © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Shamsi M.B.,Laboratory for Molecular Reproduction and Genetics | Venkatesh S.,Laboratory for Molecular Reproduction and Genetics | Kumar R.,AIIMS | Gupta N.P.,AIIMS | And 8 more authors.
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2010

Excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) beyond the scavenging capacity of antioxidants leads to DNA damage and oxidation of lipoprotein components at the cellular and subcellular level. The oxidative stress (OS) adversely affects sperm function by altering membrane fluidity, permeability and impairs sperm functional competence. In the present study, the OS status in seminal plasma and blood serum in infertile men and its relationship with spermatozoa parameters have been investigated. Four groups of infertile men viz., oligozoospermic (n = 15), asthenozoospermic (n = 17), teratozoospermic (n = 19), and oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (n = 9), and healthy fertile controls (n = 40) have been analyzed for superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in seminal plasma and blood serum. Significant correlation between blood serum SOD and sperm count has been observed in patients (p = 0.018) and controls (p = 0.021). Similarly, significant correlation between blood serum GSH and sperm progressive motility in patients (p = 0.036) and controls (p = 0.029) is observed. The low seminal MDA is associated with increase in sperm progressive motility in patients (p = 0.039) and controls (p = 0.028). Positive correlation is found between increased seminal MDA levels and abnormal sperm morphology in both patients and controls (r = 0.523, p = 0.029; r = 0.612, p = 0.034 respectively). Correlations between blood SOD and sperm count and between blood GSH levels and progressive motility suggest that these can be important biochemical markers in assaying the sperm count and motility. A negative correlation of motility with seminal MDA indicates that sperm membrane lipid peroxidation affects the fluidity and thus mobility of sperm axoneme. This affects functional competence of the sperm and acts like a biological safeguard. The results of the present study suggest the prospects of using the blood serum and seminal plasma antioxidants as a valuable tool to evaluate the sperm reproductive capacity and functional competence. Source

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