Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics

Prague, Czech Republic

Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics

Prague, Czech Republic
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Van Krieken J.H.,Radboud University Nijmegen | Normanno N.,Cell Biology and Biotherapy Unit | Blackhall F.,University of Manchester | Boone E.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | And 28 more authors.
Virchows Archiv | Year: 2013

Molecular pathology is an integral part of daily diagnostic pathology and used for classification of tumors, for prediction of prognosis and response to therapy, and to support treatment decisions. For these reasons, analyses in molecular pathology must be highly reliable and hence external quality assessment (EQA) programs are called for. Several EQA programs exist to which laboratories can subscribe, but they vary in scope, number of subscribers, and execution. The guideline presented in this paper has been developed with the purpose to harmonize EQA in molecular pathology. It presents recommendations on how an EQA program should be organized, provides criteria for a reference laboratory, proposes requirements for EQA test samples, and defines the number of samples needed for an EQA program. Furthermore, a system for scoring of the results is proposed as well as measures to be taken for poorly performing laboratories. Proposals are made regarding the content requirements of an EQA report and how its results should be communicated. Finally, the need for an EQA database and a participant manual are elaborated. It is the intention of this guideline to improve EQA for molecular pathology in order to provide more reliable molecular analyses as well as optimal information regarding patient selection for treatment. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Grankvist A.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Andersson P.-O.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Mattsson M.,Karlstad Hospital | Sender M.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Clinical Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Background. Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis is a newly discovered noncultivatable bacterium spread among ticks and rodents in Europe and Asia that can infect humans, particularly immunocompromised patients.Methods. We compiled clinical and laboratory data from 11 patients with hematological malignances or autoimmune diseases who were diagnosed with Candidatus N. mikurensis infection in Europe 2010-2013. Both published (6) and unpublished cases (5) were included.Results. The patients had a median age of 67, were mostly male (8/11), and resided in Sweden, Switzerland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. All but one had ongoing or recent immune suppressive treatment and a majority were splenectomized (8/11). Less than half of them recalled tick exposure. The most frequent symptoms were fever (11/11), localized pain afflicting muscles and/or joints (8/11), vascular and thromboembolic events (6/11), that is, deep vein thrombosis (4), transitory ischemic attacks (2), pulmonary embolism (1), and arterial aneurysm (1). Typical laboratory findings were elevated C-reactive protein, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, and anemia. Median time from onset of symptoms to correct diagnosis was 2 months. In at least 4 cases, the condition was interpreted to be due to the underlying disease, and immunosuppressive therapy was scheduled. All patients recovered completely when doxycycline was administered.Conclusions. Candidatus N. mikurensis is an emerging tick-borne pathogen that may give rise to a systemic inflammatory syndrome in persons with hematologic or autoimmune diseases that could be mistaken for recurrence of the underlying disease and/or unrelated arteriosclerotic vascular events. Awareness of this new pathogen is warranted among rheumatologists, hematologists, oncologists, and infectious disease specialists. © 2014 The Author.

Grankvist A.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Moore E.R.B.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Stadler L.S.,Sahlgrenska University Hospital | Pekova S.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2015

Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis" is the tick-borne agent of neoehrlichiosis, an infectious disease that primarily affects immunocompromised patients. So far, the genetic variability of "Ca. Neoehrlichia" has been studied only by comparing 16S rRNA genes and groEL operon sequences. We describe the development and use of a multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) protocol to characterize the genetic diversity of clinical "Ca. Neoehrlichia" strains in Europe and their relatedness to other species within the Anaplasmataceae family. Six genes were selected: ftsZ, clpB, gatB, lipA, groEL, and 16S rRNA. Each MLSA locus was amplified by real-time PCR, and the PCR products were sequenced. Phylogenetic trees of MLSA locus relatedness were constructed from aligned sequences. Blood samples from 12 patients with confirmed "Ca. Neoehrlichia" infection from Sweden (n9), the Czech Republic (n2), and Germany (n1) were analyzed with the MLSA protocol. Three of the Swedish strains exhibited identical lipA sequences, while the lipA sequences of the strains from the other nine patients were identical to each other. One of the Czech strains had one differing nucleotide in the clpB sequence from the sequences of the other 11 strains. All 12 strains had identical sequences for the genes 16S rRNA, ftsZ, gatB, and groEL. According to the MLSA, among the Anaplasmataceae, "Ca. Neoehrlichia" is most closely related to Ehrlichia ruminantium, less so to Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and least to Wolbachia endosymbionts. To conclude, three sequence types of infectious "Ca. Neoehrlichia" were identified: one in the west of Sweden, one in the Czech Republic, and one spread throughout Europe. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Jancuskova T.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | Plachy R.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | Stika J.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | Zemankova L.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | And 13 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2013

Acute leukemias (AL) comprise a heterogeneous group of hematologic malignancies, and individual patient responses to treatment can be difficult to predict. Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) is thus very important and holds great potential for improving treatment strategies. Common MRD targets include recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities and mutations in important hematological genes; unfortunately well-characterized targets are lacking in many AL patients. Here we demonstrate a technical approach for the identification and mapping of novel clone-specific chromosomal abnormalities down to the nucleotide level. We used molecular cytogenetics, chromosome microdissection, amplification of the microdissected material, and next-generation sequencing to develop PCR-based MRD assays based on unique breakpoint sequences. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Pekova S.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | Vydra J.,Teaching Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady | Kabickova H.,Central Military Health Institute | Frankova S.,Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine | And 6 more authors.
Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease | Year: 2011

Hematooncologic patients often host rare or fastidious pathogens. Using 16S rDNA sequencing and transmission electron microscopy, we have identified 2 lymphoma patients infected with Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis. In both individuals, the clinical presentation suggested ehrlichiosis-like syndrome. We believe that molecular techniques open new vistas in the field of pathogen detection. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Pham V.H.,The University of Medicine & Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City | Nguyen T.V.,Hung Vuong Hospital | Nguyen T.T.T.,Hung Vuong Hospital | Dang L.D.,Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Virology | Year: 2013

Background: Rubella remains poorly controlled in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam. Objectives: The aim of this study was to characterize rubella virus spread in Vietnam during 2011-2012. Study design: Amniotic fluid, throat swab and placenta samples were collected from 130 patients (110 cases from pregnant women with suspected rubella and 20 cases from fetuses/newborns). Viral RNA was obtained directly from clinical specimens, amplified by PCR, and then the E1 gene containing 739 nucleotides recommended by the WHO to identify the viral genotypes was sequenced. Results: By screening with real-time PCR, viral RNA was detectable in amniotic fluids from 103 out of 110 (93.6%) pregnant women with suspected rubella and in the throat swabs from all of 20 (100%) fetuses/newborns. In addition, viral RNA was also detected in the placenta from all cases of fetuses/newborns. All of 20 fetuses/newborns presented with congenital cataract. Twenty-four strains with the E1 gene were obtained by PCR. Using phylogenetic analysis with rubella reference sequences, all of the strains were found to be genotype 2B. Interestingly, 94% (30/32) of Vietnamese strains, including 9 strains from the database, formed an independent cluster within the genotype 2B suggesting that indigenous viruses are prevalent in this region. Conclusions: Rubella virus identified in Vietnam belonged to the genotype 2B. Importantly, the infection rate of rubella virus in fetuses/newborns was 100% and all of them had congenital cataract. Our results indicate an establishment of rubella prevention in this area is an urgent task in order to improve maternal and child health. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

PubMed | Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease | Year: 2011

Hematooncologic patients often host rare or fastidious pathogens. Using 16S rDNA sequencing and transmission electron microscopy, we have identified 2 lymphoma patients infected with Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis. In both individuals, the clinical presentation suggested ehrlichiosis-like syndrome. We believe that molecular techniques open new vistas in the field of pathogen detection.

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