Austen S.,St. Anna Hospital |
van der Weegen W.,St. Anna Hospital |
Verduin C.M.,St. Anna Hospital |
Verduin C.M.,Laboratory for Medical Microbiology |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Arthroplasty | Year: 2013
Fungal prosthetic joint infections are rare and difficult to treat. There is an ongoing discussion about the type and duration of antifungal treatment and the necessity of prosthesis removal. We report the first European case of an infected total knee arthroplasty with Coccidioides immitis. Treatment consisted of lifelong treatment with oral fluconazole at a dose of 400 mg/d, without total knee arthroplasty removal. After 6 months, the initial complaints of pain and swelling were completely resolved. This case report clearly states that a travel history and culturing for fungi are helpful in patients with persisting complaints after joint arthroplasty. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Tchernev G.,Venereology and Dermatosurgery |
Patterson J.,University of Virginia |
Nenoff P.,Laboratory for Medical Microbiology |
Horn L.,University of Leipzig
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology | Year: 2010
Sarcoidosis of the skin may have an extremely heterogeneous clinical presentation, so that the definitions of 'great imitator' and 'clinical chameleon' have long been used. There is, in fact, a large group of skin diseases that can enter the differential diagnosis with cutaneous sarcoid manifestations, either clinically or/and pathologically. As the clinical consequences and the prognosis of these groups of diseases are often very different, it is important to correctly plan the diagnostic workup. The diagnostic process in this case often presents a challenge as no single test is sufficiently specific, so that a certain diagnosis can be only made in the presence of a compatible clinical and radiographic picture, along with histopathological evidence of non-necrotizing, epithelioid cell granulomas, and exclusion of other potential aetiologies. For practical reasons, four main groups of skin conditions capable of mimicking sarcoidosis can be identified: (i) transmissible, infectious diseases; (ii) allergic and immunological manifestations of various aetiologies; (iii) granulomatous diseases of various aetiologies; and (iv) lymphomas and pseudolymphomas. The aim of this article is to describe the main clinical and histopathological findings of such disease entities, and to discuss the role of those features (morphological, pathological and laboratory) that can help distinguish them from sarcoidosis of the skin. © 2009 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Oostdijk E.A.N.,University Utrecht |
De Smet A.M.G.A.,University Utrecht |
Blok H.E.M.,University Utrecht |
Thieme Groen E.S.,University Utrecht |
And 15 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2010
Rationale: Selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) eradicate gram-negative bacteria (GNB) from the intestinal and respiratory tract in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, but their effect on antibiotic resistance remains controversial. Objectives: We quantified the effects of SDD and SOD on bacterial ecology in 13 ICUs that participated in a study, in which SDD, SOD, or standard care was used during consecutive periods of 6 months (de Smet AM, Kluytmans JA, Cooper BS, Mascini EM, Benus RF, van der Werf TS, van der Hoeven JG, Pickkers P, Bogaers-Hofman D, van der Meer NJ, et al. N Engl J Med 2009;360:20-31). Methods: Point prevalence surveys of rectal and respiratory samples were performed once monthly in all ICU patients (receiving or not receiving SOD/SDD). Effects of SDD on rectal, and of SDD/SOD on respiratory tract, carriage of GNB were determined by comparing results from consecutive point prevalence surveys during intervention (6 mo for SDD and 12 mo for SDD/SOD) with consecutive point prevalence data in the pre- and postintervention periods. Measurements and Main Results: During SDD, average proportions of patients with intestinal colonization with GNB resistant to either ceftazidime, tobramycin, or ciprofloxacin were 5, 7, and 7%, and increased to 15, 13, and 13% postintervention (P < 0.05). During SDD/SOD resistance levels in the respiratory tract were not more than 6% for all three antibiotics but increased gradually (for ceftazidime; P < 0.05 for trend) during intervention and to levels of 10% or more for all three antibiotics postintervention (P < 0.05). Conclusions: SOD and SDD have marked effects on the bacterial ecology in an ICU, with rising ceftazidime resistance prevalence rates in the respiratory tract during intervention and a considerable rebound effect of ceftazidime resistance in the intestinal tract after discontinuation of SDD.
Li S.,Juntendo University |
Li S.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Skov R.L.,Statens Serum Institute |
Han X.,Juntendo University |
And 7 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2011
The structures of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) elements carried by 31 clonal complex 398 (CC398) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains isolated from the participants at a conference were analyzed. The SCCmecs were classified into novel types, namely, IX, X, V(5C2&5) subtype c, and IVa. Type V(5C2&5) subtype c, IX, and X SCCmecs carried genes conferring resistance to metals. The structures of SCCmecs from CC398 strains were distinct from those normally found in humans, adding to the evidence that humans are not the original host for CC398. Copyright © 2011, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Kampschreur L.M.,University Utrecht |
Kampschreur L.M.,Robert Bosch GmbH |
Delsing C.E.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
Groenwold R.H.H.,University Utrecht |
And 10 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Microbiology | Year: 2014
Coxiella burnetii causes Q fever, a zoonosis, which has acute and chronic manifestations. From 2007 to 2010, the Netherlands experienced a large Q fever outbreak, which has offered a unique opportunity to analyze chronic Q fever cases. In an observational cohort study, baseline characteristics and clinical characteristics, as well as mortality, of patients with proven, probable, or possible chronic Q fever in the Netherlands, were analyzed. In total, 284 chronic Q fever patients were identified, of which 151 (53.7%) had proven, 64 (22.5%) probable, and 69 (24.3%) possible chronic Q fever. Among proven and probable chronic Q fever patients, vascular infection focus (56.7%) was more prevalent than endocarditis (34.9%). An acute Q fever episode was recalled by 27.0% of the patients. The all-cause mortality rate was 19.1%, while the chronic Q fever-related mortality rate was 13.0%, with mortality rates of 9.3% among endocarditis patients and 18% among patients with a vascular focus of infection. Increasing age (P = 0.004 and 0.010), proven chronic Q fever (P = 0.020 and 0.002), vascular chronic Q fever (P = 0.024 and 0.005), acute presentation with chronic Q fever (P = 0.002 and P < 0.001), and surgical treatment of chronic Q fever (P = 0.025 and P < 0.001) were significantly associated with all-cause mortality and chronic Q fever-related mortality, respectively. © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.