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Mbeh D.A.,Laboratory for Innovation and Analysis of Bio Performance | Mireles L.K.,Laboratory for Innovation and Analysis of Bio Performance | Stanicki D.,University of Mons | Laurent S.,University of Mons | And 3 more authors.
Langmuir | Year: 2015

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have been prepared and coated with positively (-NH3 +) and negatively (-COO-) charged shells. These NPs, as well as their bare precursor, which actually contain surface hydroxyl groups, have been characterized in vitro, and their influence on a human epithelial cell line has been assessed in terms of cell metabolic activity, cellular membrane lysis, mitochondrial activity, and reactive oxygen species production. Their physicochemical characterizations and protein-nanoparticle interactions have been determined using dynamic light scattering, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) spectrometry, and Coomassie Blue fast staining. Cell-SPION interactions have been determined by PrestoBlue resazurin-based, Trypan Blue dye exclusion-based, and MTS cell proliferation assays as well as by reactive oxygen species determination. The results show that different surface characteristics cause different protein corona and cell responses. Some proteins (e.g., albumin) are adsorbed only on positively charged coatings and others (e.g., fibrinogen) only on negatively charged coating. No cell deaths occur, but cell proliferation is influenced by surface chemistry. Proliferation reduction is dose dependent and highest for bare SPIONs. Negatively charged SPIONs were the most biocompatible. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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