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Gazdag E.M.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology | Schobel S.,Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology | Schobel S.,Harvard University | Shkumatov A.V.,Laboratory for Biocrystallography | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Structural Biology | Year: 2014

The Gram-negative bacterium Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease. During infection of eukaryotic cells, the bacterium releases about 300 different bacterial effector molecules that aid in the establishment of the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV) among which SidC is one of these secreted proteins. However, apart from membrane lipid binding the function of SidC remains elusive. In order to characterize SidC further, we have determined the crystal structure of the N-terminal domain of SidC (amino acids 1-609, referred to as SidC-N) at 2.4. Å resolution. SidC-N reveals a novel fold in which 4 potential subdomains (A-D) are arranged in a crescent-like structure. None of these subdomains currently has any known structural homologues, raising the question of how this fold has evolved. These domains are highly interconnected, with a low degree of flexibility towards each other. Due to the extended arrangement of the subdomains, SidC-N may contain multiple binding sites for potential interaction partners. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. Source

Nefedova V.V.,Moscow State University | Datskevich P.N.,Moscow State University | Sudnitsyna M.V.,Moscow State University | Strelkov S.V.,Laboratory for Biocrystallography | Gusev N.B.,Moscow State University
Biochimie | Year: 2013

Some physico-chemical properties of R140G and K141Q mutants of human small heat shock protein HspB1 associated with hereditary peripheral neuropathy were analyzed. Mutation K141Q did not affect intrinsic Trp fluorescence and interaction with hydrophobic probe bis-ANS, whereas mutation R140G decreased both intrinsic fluorescence and fluorescence of bis-ANS bound to HspB1. Both mutations decreased thermal stability of HspB1. Mutation R140G increased, whereas mutation K141Q decreased the rate of trypsinolysis of the central part (residues 5-188) of HspB1. Both the wild type HspB1 and its K141Q mutant formed large oligomers with apparent molecular weight ∼560 kDa. The R140G mutant formed two types of oligomers, i.e. large oligomers tending to aggregate and small oligomers with apparent molecular weight ∼70 kDa. The wild type HspB1 formed mixed homooligomers with R140G mutant with apparent molecular weight ∼610 kDa. The R140G mutant was unable to form high molecular weight heterooligomers with HspB6, whereas the K141Q mutant formed two types of heterooligomers with HspB6. In vitro measured chaperone-like activity of the wild type HspB1 was comparable with that of K141Q mutant and was much higher than that of R140G mutant. Mutations of homologous hot-spot Arg (R140G of HspB1 and R120G of αB-crystallin) induced similar changes in the properties of two small heat shock proteins, whereas mutations of two neighboring residues (R140 and K141) induced different changes in the properties of HspB1. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source

Monaco G.,Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Signaling | Decrock E.,Ghent University | Nuyts K.,Section of Molecular Design and Synthesis | Wagner II L.E.,University of Rochester | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein is the founding member and namesake of the Bcl-2-protein family. It has recently been demonstrated that Bcl-2, apart from its anti-apoptotic role at mitochondrial membranes, can also directly interact with the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R), the primary Ca2+-release channel in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Bcl-2 can thereby reduce pro-apoptotic IP3R-mediated Ca2+ release from the ER. Moreover, the Bcl-2 homology domain 4 (Bcl-2-BH4) has been identified as essential and sufficient for this IP3R-mediated anti-apoptotic activity. In the present study, we investigated whether the reported inhibitory effect of a Bcl-2-BH4 peptide on the IP 3R1 was related to the distinctive α-helical conformation of the BH4 domain peptide. We therefore designed a peptide with two glycine "hinges" replacing residues I14 and V15, of the wild-type Bcl-2-BH4 domain (Bcl-2-BH4-IV/GG). By comparing the structural and functional properties of the Bcl-2-BH4-IV/GG peptide with its native counterpart, we found that the variant contained reduced α-helicity, neither bound nor inhibited the IP 3R1 channel, and in turn lost its anti-apoptotic effect. Similar results were obtained with other substitutions in Bcl-2-BH4 that destabilized the α-helix with concomitant loss of IP3R inhibition. These results provide new insights for the further development of Bcl-2-BH4-derived peptides as specific inhibitors of the IP3R with significant pharmacological implications. © 2013 Monaco et al. Source

Nefedova V.V.,Moscow State University | Sudnitsyna M.V.,Moscow State University | Strelkov S.V.,Laboratory for Biocrystallography | Gusev N.B.,Moscow State University
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2013

Some properties of G84R and L99M mutants of HspB1 associated with peripheral distal neuropathies were investigated. Homooligomers formed by these mutants are larger than those of the wild type HspB1. Large oligomers of G84R and L99M mutants have compromised stability and tend to dissociate at low protein concentration. G84R and L99M mutations promote phosphorylation-dependent dissociation of HspB1 oligomers without affecting kinetics of HspB1 phosphorylation by MAPKAP2 kinase. Both mutants weakly interact with HspB6 forming small heterooligomers and being unable to form large heterooligomers characteristic for the wild type HspB1. G84R and L99M mutants possess lower chaperone-like activity than the wild type HspB1 with several model substrates. We suggest that G84R mutation affects mobility and accessibility of the N-terminal domain thus modifying interdimer contacts in HspB1 oligomers. The L99M mutation is located within the hydrophobic core of the α-crystallin domain close to the key R140 residue, and could affect the dimer stability. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Chalova A.S.,Moscow State University | Sudnitsyna M.V.,Moscow State University | Strelkov S.V.,Laboratory for Biocrystallography | Gusev N.B.,Moscow State University
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics | Year: 2014

Physico-chemical properties of four mutants (T164A, T180I, P182S and R188W) of human small heat shock protein HspB1 (Hsp27) associated with neurodegenerative diseases were analyzed by means of fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, size-exclusion chromatography and measurement of chaperone-like activity. Mutation T164A was accompanied by destabilization of the quaternary structure and decrease of thermal stability without any significant changes of chaperone-like activity. Mutations T180I and P182S are adjacent or within the conserved C-terminal motif IPI/V. Replacement T180 I leading to the formation of hydrophobic cluster consisting of three Ile produced small increase of thermal stability without changes of chaperone-like activity. Mutation P182S induced the formation of metastable large oligomers of HspB1 with apparent molecular weight of more than 1000 kDa. Oligomers of P182S have very low thermal stability and undergo irreversible aggregation at low temperature. The P182S mutant forms mixed oligomers with the wild type HspB1 and the properties of these mixed oligomers are intermediate between those of the wild type HspB1 and its mutant. Mutation R188W did not significantly affect quaternary structure or thermal stability of HspB1, but was accompanied by a pronounced decrease of its chaperone-like activity. All mutations analyzed are associated with hereditary motor neuropathies or Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2; however, molecular mechanisms underlying pathological effects are specific for each of these mutants. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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