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Matsumoto S.N.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Araujo G.S.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Viana A.E.S.,UESB Laboratory Prod
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2013

The objective of this study, carried out from October to December 2006, was to analyze the effects of increasing doses of nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) as well as the interaction between these elements on the growth of sweet basil plants cultivated under field conditions. The experimental design was split plots, holding in the main plots the N doses and in the subplots the K rates. Doses of 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg ha-1 were established for N and K, applied as urea and potassium chloride, respectively. The seedlings were transplanted to beds, in 40 x 30 cm spacing, and each plot had 24 plants. The evaluations at 45 days after transplanting detected no effect of N levels in stem diameter, Spad index and number of internodes. A quadratic polynomial model was defined for the relationship between N rates and the referred characteristics. A NK interaction for total leaf area was observed, indicating that, on the absence of K fertilization, increasing N doses resulted in higher total leaf area. Higher doses of N decreased total leaf area of plants under greater K doses.

Reis H.F.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Melo C.M.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Melo E.P.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Silva R.A.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal | Scalon S.P.Q.,Laboratory Fisiologia Vegetal
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2014

Leafy lettuce is highly susceptible to water loss, which can be intensified by inadequate management of temperature and air humidity during storage and commercialization, reducing shelf life and increasing the final cost of the product to the consumer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the post-harvest quality of crisp lettuce, cv. Isabela, cultivated on conventional and organic farming, packed in different packaging and stored under refrigeration during different periods. The assay was carried out in the Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. The experimental design was complete randomized blocks with four replications, in a factorial scheme 2×3×4: organic or conventional cultivation, three types of polyethylene packagings (fully open, partially closed and fully closed) and four evaluation periods (0; 5; 10 and 15 days). Lettuce was stored in a chamber at 5°C, relative humidity of 90%±SD, in the absence of light. We evaluated the apparent quality, fresh mass, chlorophyll content, soluble solids (SS), titratable acidity (TA) and ascorbic acid (AA). Lettuce produced in organic farming conserved for more time the apparent quality, in comparison to that produced in conventional farming, with higher values of SS and TA after storage, although with reduction of AA, but with no difference of chlorophyll loss and pH values. The fully closed packaging has proven to be more effective in reducing the fresh mass loss and to keep the apparent quality for more days.

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