Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Beijing, China

Zhao Y.,China Military Institute of Chinese Medicine | Zhou G.,302 Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army | Wang J.,China Military Institute of Chinese Medicine | Jia L.,Chinese University of Hong Kong | And 7 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology | Year: 2013

Paeoniflorin, one of the primary bioactive components in Chi shao, are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. A lot of evidences suggest that Paeoniflorin has potential anti-oxidant effects. However, whether Paeoniflorin plays roles in cholestasis is unclear. In this study, we examined the protective effect of Paeoniforin against alpha-naphthylisothicaynate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis in rats. Our data demonstrated that the high (0.2. g/kg body weight) and medium (0.1. g/kg body weight) doses of Paeoniflorin significantly prevented ANIT-induced changes in bile flow and the serum levels of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, total bile acid, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, glutamate-pyruvate transaminase, glutamate-oxaloacetic transaminase and alkaline phosphatase. Moreover, we also found that Paeoniflorin significantly inhibited nitric oxide and malondialdehyde production, and restored glutathione decrease induced by ANIT. EPR data further indicated that Paeoniflorin inhibited ANIT-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The overexpression of NADPH oxidase 4 induced by ANIT were significantly reversed when treated with Paeoniflorin, suggesting that Paeoniflorin could scavenge ROS via inhibiting NADPH oxidase 4 expression. Paeoniflorin treatment could also relieve ANIT-induced liver pathological injuries as indicated by histological assay. These findings indicate that Paeoniflorin exerts a dose-dependent protective effect on ANIT-induced cholestatic liver injury in rats, and the mechanism of this activity is related to its attenuation of oxidative stress in liver tissue. © 2013. Source


Zhao Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wei S.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wei S.,Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine | Wang J.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry | Year: 2013

A powerful microcalorimetric method based on the cell heat production was applied to evaluate the effects of two Panax species on mice splenic lymphocytes growth. Some qualitative and quantitative information, such as the metabolic power-time curves, growth rate constant k, maximum heat-output power P max, appearance time for the highest peak t max, total heat production Q t for all the metabolic progress of mice splenic lymphocytes were obtained to present the effects of Panax ginseng and American Ginseng on these cells. Coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) on these quantitative thermokinetic parameters, the effects of the two Panax species on mice splenic lymphocytes could be quickly evaluated by analyzing the change of the main parameter k. From the values of k, it could be concluded quickly and accurately that Panax ginseng and American Ginseng both showed strong inhibitory effects on mice splenic lymphocytes, and the inhibitory effects was strengthened with increasing concentration of the two Panax species in the concentration range of 0-3.2 mg mL-1. Panax ginseng with IC 50 of 1.38 mg mL-1 showed stronger inhibitory effect on mice splenic lymphocytes growth than American Ginseng with IC 50 of 2.08 mg mL-1. This study indicates that microcalorimetry is a powerful tool for evaluating the drugs' efficiency on living system, providing some useful references for the application of Panax ginseng and American Ginseng in practice. © 2011 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source


Zhao Y.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wang J.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Shan L.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Li R.,Animal Laboratory Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry | Year: 2011

The power-time curves of mice splenic lymphocytes growth at 37 °C affected by ginsenoside Rh2 were determined by microcalorimetry using a 3114/3236 TAM air bioactivity monitor with ampoule mode. Then, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Rh2 on splenic lymphocytes growth was determined by serial dilution method. From factor analysis (FA) on six quantitative thermokinetic parameters from the power-time curves, the activity of Rh2 on splenic lymphocytes could be quickly evaluated by analyzing the changes in the two main parameters: growth rate constant k, and maximum heat-output power, P m. The results showed that Rh2 had strong inhibitory activity on splenic lymphocytes growth, and this inhibitory activity was strengthened with increasing concentration of Rh2 in the concentration range of 1.0-32.0 μg mL-1. This strong inhibitory also could be confirmed from the MIC of 50.0 μg mL-1 of Rh 2 on splenic lymphocytes growth in RPMI-1640 culture medium. This study illustrated that microcalorimetry could not only offer a useful method for evaluating the activity of drugs, but also serve as a quantitative, sensitive, and simple analytic tool for the evaluation of drugs on cell growth. © 2010 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source


Zhang T.,Academy of Military Medical Science | Zhao S.,Academy of Military Medical Science | Li W.,Academy of Military Medical Science | Ma L.,Academy of Military Medical Science | And 3 more authors.
Lipids in Health and Disease | Year: 2014

Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a high-fat diet from perilla oil on serum lipids, hepatic lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Methods. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed either a control (CT) diet or a diet high in perilla oil (HP). After 16 weeks of feeding, the serum lipids were measured, and the gene expressions involved in hepatic fatty acid oxidation and synthesis were determined. In addition, hepatic fat deposition was detected, and insulin sensitivity was evaluated by means of euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. Results: Compared with the rats in the CT group, the HP-feeding significantly decreased the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TCH) and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c). HP-feeding did not change the levels of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c), free fatty acid (FFA), intrahepatic lipids or body weight. Moreover, the HP-feeding dramatically increased the mRNA expressions of fatty acid oxidation markers (PPAR-alpha, CPT1A) and fatty acid synthesis markers (SREBP-1, FASN and ACC) in the liver. The HP-feeding induced increased protein levels of CPT1A, while reducing the protein levels of FASN and ACC in the liver. However, the glucose infusion rate significantly increased in the HP group compared with the CT group. Conclusions: Our data show that, in rats, excessive perilla oil intake may significantly lower serum lipids, strengthen hepatic fatty acid oxidation, and inhibit hepatic fatty acid synthesis, but at the same time may also lead to insulin resistance. © 2014 Zhang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Zhao Y.-L.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Wang J.-B.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Zhang P.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Shan L.-M.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry | Year: 2011

Splenic lymphocytes play an important role in host acute or chronic diseases. The abnormality of these cells in the spleens of humans might lead to some riskful diseases for human. Hence, in this study, the effects of two ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 on splenic lymphocytes growth were studied by microcalorimetry. Some qualitative and quantitative information, such as the metabolic power-time curves, growth rate constant k, maximum heat-output power of the exponential phase P max, total heat output Q t of splenic lymphocytes were obtained to present the effects of Rg1 and Rb1 on these cells. The values of k, P max, and Q t from the thermogenic growth curves of splenic lymphocytes were found to increase in the presence of Rg1, while the change was adverse for Rb1, illustrating that Rg1 had promotion effect and Rb1 had inhibitory effect on splenic lymphocytes growth and these promotion or inhibitory effects were enhanced with increasing the concentration of the two compounds, respectively. The microcalorimetric results were confirmed by MTT assay for determining the MTT optical density (OD) value and [3H] Thymidine incorporation assay ([3H]-TdR) for determining the count per minute (cpm) value: Rg1 could increase the MTT OD value and the cpm value of [3H]-TdR incorporation into splenic lymphocytes, and these values were increased with increasing the concentration of this compound, while Rb1 had the adverse results. The structure-activity relationships showed that the glucopyranoside and hydroxyl groups at the dammarane-type mother nucleus skeleton might play a crucial role for the opposing effects of the two ginsenosides on splenic lymphocytes. Compared with the other two assay methods, the microcalorimetric method provided more useful and reliable information for quickly and objectively evaluating the effects of drugs or compounds on the living cells, which would be a highly promising analytical tool for the characterization of the biological process and the estimation of the drugs' efficiency. © Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010. Source

Discover hidden collaborations