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Martin-Munoz M.F.,Servicio de Alergia | Pineda F.,Laboratorios Diater | Muinos T.,UAP Servicio de Pediatria | Fontan M.,UAP Servicio de Pediatria | And 7 more authors.
Allergologia et Immunopathologia | Year: 2013

Background: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) is a long-term treatment of respiratory allergy. Objective: To look for early predictors of the effectiveness of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus SIT. Methods: A prospective multi-centre study was carried out in Spain. Children with D. pteronyssinus rhinitis or asthma were invited to participate. The study was divided into times: T0 (recruitment); T1 (inclusion); T2 a-f (immunotherapy times) and T3 (the end of study). Efficacy of SIT was assessed by clinical scores, visual analogue scales (VAS) and lung function tests. We performed D. pteronyssinus skin tests at T1 and T3, and determined specific serum IgE, IgG4 and IL-10 at T1, T2f and T3.Data were analysed using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests, compared using Wilcoxon and Chi-square tests, and correlated to Spearman test. All tests had a significance level of 0.05. Results: Thirty-eight children completed the study. At T1 all had rhinitis and 34 also had asthma. At T3, 30 patients had improved, six experienced no changes and two worsened. Improvement was associated to FEV1/FVC and VAS improvement; to a reduction in D. pteronyssinus skin prick test; to a progressive increase in serum levels of D. pteronyssinus IgE, and D. pteronyssinus, Der p1 and Der p2 IgG4. IL-10 levels showed an early increase at T2f (the end of initial build-up immunotherapy phase), and then a reduction at T3 (the end of a year of immunotherapy).Improvement associated to an early increase in IL-10 and was correlated with VAS and specific IgG4 evolution. © 2011 SEICAP. Source

Alvarez-Castello M.,Hospital Universitario Calixto Garcia | Leyva-Marquez Y.,Hospital Universitario Calixto Garcia | Meli V.R.,Laboratorios Diater | Barata H.,Laboratorios Diater
Revista Alergia Mexico | Year: 2012

Background: Sensitization to allergens at the workplace is an essential factor for the development of occupational respiratory diseases. Objective: To determine the frequency of sensitization to mites and other occupational allergens in bakery workers, by skin prick test (PCP). Material and methods: In this unpaired case-control study were included 17 workers, mean age 34 years (range 18-55), and the control group 14 patients, mean age 32 years (range 22-47), both predominantly male 76% and 85% respectively. Each subject had a history and physical examination, and underwent skin testing with allergenic extracts. Results: All investigated subjects showed at least a positive response to two allergens in the SPT. The highest percentage of sensitization in bakers corresponded to Acarus siro and Dermatophagoides Siboney with 82.35% each, followed by Blomia tropicalis, D. farinae, Lepydoglyphus destructor and Tyrophagus putrescientae. The lowest positivity corresponded to D. pteronyssinus (47%), different to that found in the control group where this was the predominant mite. The highest wheal diameter values were for the storage mites A. siro and T. putrescientae in the study group and D. farinae and B. tropicalis in the control group. Sensitization was found to wheat flour in 82% of these bakers. Conclusions: There is a high sensitization to house dust mites, and particularly to the storage mites and as to allergens from wheat flour to bakers, this represents a risk factor to be considered for occupational safety. Source

Rodriguez O.,Policlinico Universitario Docente Previsora | Meli V.R.,Laboratorios Diater | Barata H.J.,Laboratorios Diater | Marmolejo M.A.C.,Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez
VacciMonitor | Year: 2012

Skin tests require extracts with high quality, which can be measured by determining their allergenic potency using different concentrations of extracts from a manufacturer or comparing extracts from different manufacturers. To compare dust mite extracts produced by manufacturers from Spain, Argentina, and Cuba by using the skin response to the Prick Test. The Prick Test was performed on 26 patients aged 2 to 15 years with asthma and rhinitis at the city of Camagüey, Cuba, with extracts of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, D. farinae, D. siboney and Blomia tropicalis produced by DIATER (Argentina), ALK- Abelló (Spain) y BIOCEN (Cuba). Among the patients 84.6% attributed the symptoms to changes in weather and house dust. The diameter of the wheal was apparently greater for ALK-Abelló, but no statistical significance was found. The relationship between wheal diameter and log of allergen concentration with BIOCEN products showed a linear dependence in the concentration in the range of 4000 to 100000 UB/mL. Prick tests with diameters ≥ 3 mm suggested a greater proportion for ALK than for DIATER and BIOCEN, particularly with D. pteronyssinus and D. farinae, although no statistical significance was found again. Dust mite extracts produced and standardized by DIATER, ALK-Abelló and BIOCEN are similar with respect to allergenic potency. Source

Ventura I.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Vega A.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Chamorro C.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Aroca R.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | And 6 more authors.
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology | Year: 2014

Background: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (IT) is widely used to treat allergic diseases. The molecular mechanisms have not been clarified yet completely. The present work was undertaken to analyze the effect of IT in the activation of NF-κB. Methods: Neutrophils from 15 pollen-allergic IT-treated patients, 10 untreated pollen-allergic patients, and 10 healthy donors were in vitro stimulated with LPS. NF-κB activation (p65/p52) was measured in their nuclear extracts by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IκBα phosphorylation, NF-κB-repressing factor (NRF) activation, and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) release were measured by ELISA. Results: There was a positive correlation between the score of symptoms and NF-κB activation in human neutrophils. IT significantly decreased NF-κB activation levels in neutrophils compared with neutrophils from untreated patients. IκBα phosphorylation and NRF activation levels were, respectively, significantly lower and higher in neutrophils from IT-treated patients than from untreated patients. IL-8 and TXA2 release were significantly lower in neutrophils from IT-treated patients than from untreated patients. Conclusions: IT positive effects are at least in part mediated by the negative regulation of NF-κB activation in human neutrophils. These observations represent a novel view of neutrophils as possible cell target to treat IgE-dependent diseases through NF-κB downmodulation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Fernandez-Delgado L.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Vega-Rioja A.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Ventura I.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | Chamorro C.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background: Despite the evidence that Lactoferrin (Lf) is involved in allergic asthma processes, it is unknown whether neutrophils can be one of the main cellular sources of this key inflammatory mediator directly in response of an IgE mediated stimulus. The present study was undertaken to analyze this question. Methods: Neutrophils from healthy subjects (n = 34) and neutrophils from allergic asthmatic patients (n = 102) were challenged in vitro with specific allergens to which the patients were sensitized, PAF, or agonist mAbs against IgE-receptors, and the levels of Lf were measured in the culture supernatant. The levels of serum IgE together with the severity of symptoms were also analyzed. Results: Lf was released into the culture supernatant of neutrophils from allergic asthmatic patients in response to allergens and PAF. This response was highly allergen-specific, and did not happen in neutrophils from healthy donors. Allergen effect was mimicked by Abs against FcεRI and galectin-3 but not by FcεRII. The levels of released Lf correlated well with the levels of serum specific IgE and severity of asthma symptoms. These observations represent a novel view of neutrophils as an important source of Lf in allergic asthma. Importantly, the levels of released Lf by neutrophils could therefore be used to evaluate disease severity in allergic asthmatic patients. © 2015 Fernández-Delgado et al. Source

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