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Curutchet A.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU | Dellacassa E.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Ringuelet J.A.,National University of La Plata | Chaves A.R.,CONICET | And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

The effect of storage time on quality attributes of refrigerated fresh-cut mints (Mentha × piperita and M. spicata) was studied. Atmosphere composition, respiratory activity, weight loss, surface colour, total chlorophyll, carotenoids, browning potential, total phenols, flavonoids, radical-scavenging activity, ascorbic acid and essential oil yield and composition were analysed. Respiratory activity of peppermint and spearmint samples diminished moderately (42% and 28%, respectively) after 21 days at 0 °C. A slight modification of the internal atmosphere was achieved. Surface colour, chlorophyll, carotenoid and antioxidant compounds remained almost constant. The yield of essential oil did not change or it showed an apparent increase after 21 days at 0 °C, depending on plant growth stage. The characteristic flavour components of peppermint (menthone and menthol) increased, while the contents of the main constituents of spearmint essential oil showed minor variations after storage. The conditions assayed for packaging and storing fresh-cut mints were adequate to achieve a relatively long shelf life and they retained their antioxidant properties. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Cateto C.A.,Polytechnic Institute of Braganca | Cateto C.A.,University of Porto | Cateto C.A.,CNRS Structural Engineering | Barreiro M.F.,Polytechnic Institute of Braganca | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Plastics | Year: 2014

Rigid polyurethane (RPU) foams have been synthesized using lignin-based polyols obtained by oxypropylation of four distinct lignins (Alcell, Indulin AT, Curan 27-11P, and Sarkanda). Polyol formulations with two lignin/propylene oxide/catalyst content (L/PO/C) ratios were chosen (30/70/2 and 20/80/5). RPU foams have been prepared with a polyol component that incorporates the lignin-based one at contents ranging from 25 to 100%. A 100% commercial polyol-based (Lupranol® 3323) RPU foam was also prepared and used as the reference. RPU foams were characterized in terms of density, compressive modulus, and conductivity. Cell morphology and size estimation were accessed by scanning electron microscopy. Moreover, biodegradation of the Alcell- and Indulin AT-based foams was evaluated using respirometry tests in liquid and solid media. The Alcell- and Indulin AT-based polyols together with the 20/80/5 Curan 27-11P-based one led to RPU foams with properties quite similar to those of the reference homolog. Biodegradation seems to be, particularly, favored if using Indulin AT-based polyols mixed with Lupranol® 3323. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Capra G.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria Inia | Martinez R.,Catholic University of Uruguay | Fradiletti F.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria Inia | Cozzano S.,Catholic University of Uruguay | And 3 more authors.
World Rabbit Science | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to evaluate production performance, carcass characteristics and nutritive value of meat of rabbits reared under the 2 prevailing feeding strategies iiji Uruguay. One week after weaning, 96 purebred V line rabbits were randomly distributed between 2 treatments: (T1) commercial pelleted food ad libitum and (T2) commercial pelleted food ad libitum plus fresh alfalfa ad libitum. Each treatment included 12 cages containing 4 individuals each (2 males and 2 females). Growth performance characteristics (live weight evolution, commercial food consumption and food/gain ratio) were evaluated. The consumption of alfalfa was not measured. Rabbits were slaughtered at a live weight of 2500 g and carcass characteristics were evaluated. Samples of meat and dissectible fat were analysed to determine intramuscular fat content at muscle L. dorsi, dissectible fat and intramuscular fat composition, minerals (Zn, Fe, Mg and Na), vitamin E and purines. Sensory evaluations were conducted to assess the effect of treatments on the consumer's perception of differences and the existence of attributes determining preferences. Differences between treatments were significant for total commercial food intake (23356 vs: 20930 g/cage; P<0.001) and feed conversion ratio (3.82 vs. 3.41; P<0.01) for T1 and T2 respectively. No significant differences were found in average daily gain, age at slaughter and carcass characteristics. There were no significant differences in the intramuscular fat content. The fatty acid composition of dissectible and intramuscular fat was affected by the inclusion of alfalfa in the diet increasing the linolenic acid content (1.82 vs. 3.28% and 2.29 vs. 5.15% for T1 and T2 at intramuscular and dissectible fat, respectively; P<0.001), and improving the n-6/n-3 relationship (8.60 vs. 5.82 and 11.58 vs. 5.64 for T1 and T2 at intramuscular and dissectible fat, respectively; P<0.001). There were no significant differences in vitamin E, Fe or Zn content between treatments, but differences were significant in Mg (22.5 vs. 24.4 mg/100 g for T1 and T2; P<0.05) and Na (44.1 vs. 48.2 mg/100 g; P<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, panellists significantly perceived differences between treatments with 95% confidence. © WRSA, UPV, 2003. Source

Pirez M.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Gonzalez-Sapienza G.,University of the Republic of Uruguay | Sienra D.,Servicio de Calidad y Control Ambiental | Ferrari G.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Environmental Management | Year: 2013

In recent years, the international demand for commodities has prompted enormous growth in agriculture in most South American countries. Due to intensive use of fertilizers, cyanobacterial blooms have become a recurrent phenomenon throughout the continent, but their potential health risk remains largely unknown due to the lack of analytical capacity. In this paper we report the main results and conclusions of more than five years of systematic monitoring of cyanobacterial blooms in 20 beaches of Montevideo, Uruguay, on the Rio de la Plata, the fifth largest basin in the world. A locally developed microcystin ELISA was used to establish a sustainable monitoring program that revealed seasonal peaks of extremely high toxicity, more than one-thousand-fold greater than the WHO limit for recreational water. Comparison with cyanobacterial cell counts and chlorophyll-a determination, two commonly used parameters for indirect estimation of toxicity, showed that such indicators can be highly misleading. On the other hand, the accumulated experience led to the definition of a simple criterion for visual classification of blooms, that can be used by trained lifeguards and technicians to take rapid on-site decisions on beach management. The simple and low cost approach is broadly applicable to risk assessment and risk management in developing countries. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Ferrari G.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU | del Carmen Perez M.,Phytoplankton Consultant | Dabezies M.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU | Miguez D.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU | Saizar C.,Laboratorio Tecnologico del Uruguay LATU
Fottea | Year: 2011

The Uruguay River is the second most important river in the Río de la Plata Basin. Taxonomical composition, abundance and distribution of cyanobacteria collected at nine sampling stations in the Lower Uruguay River (Uruguay) were analyzed seasonally from 2006 to 2009. A total of 24 taxa were identified, including 13 Chroococcales, 4 Oscillatoriales and 7 Nostocales species. The genera Dolichospermum and Microcystis presented the highest number of species among the planktic water bloom-forming cyanobacteria. The highest densities of cyanobacteria were recorded in summer during a bloom, with 6.2×106 cells.ml-1, and the most abundant species were Microcystis aeruginosa and Dolichospermum cf. pseudocompactum. In this case, the toxicity analyses by HPLC did not indicate the presence of microcystin-LR. Phytoplankton growth in the Uruguay River was found not to be nutrient-limited. The high correlation of cyanobacteria densities with nitrogen and phosphorous compounds is directly related to changes in flow. Cyanobacteria densities increased with summer high temperatures in low flow conditions. The ANOSIM analysis showed no significant differences between zones and sampling sites, but there were temporal significant differences in relation to seasonal samplings. Radiocystis fernandoi Komárek et Komarková-Legnerová was recorded for the first time in Uruguay and Dolichospermum cf. pseudocompactum (Watanabe) Wackl in et al. was recorded for the first time in South America. © Czech Phycological Society (2011). Source

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