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Torricelli M.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | Torricelli M.,University of Perugia | Pierboni E.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | Tovo G.R.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | And 3 more authors.
Food Analytical Methods | Year: 2016

For consumers, honey is a natural product that should not be subjected to treatment or alteration. Since the question of the presence of genetically modified organisms concerned pollen in honey, the aim of this research was to find an alternative, however, practical and efficient method of honey and bee pollen DNA extraction for routine analysis application. Furthermore, to evaluate the extracted DNA, a real-time PCR system based on the actin gene was optimized and validated in fast mode for the first time to reduce analysis time. To develop an alternative DNA extraction protocol, two already published procedures were combined and tested with some variations, in particular without beads/filters used to grind/enrich pollen. The best approach found in terms of quantity and quality of extracted DNA was a combination of the pretreatment and the extraction method, described in the German guideline, with some modifications and the addition of a DNA purification kit. This protocol was validated with DNA extracts from honey and bee pollen and it was applied to 18 commercial honey samples. Furthermore, a sample proved positive in transgenic screening elements analysis and for transgenic event identification, a knowledge-based approach was adopted. Since the DNA extraction protocol proved suitable, it could be applied for other analysis such as molecular species characterization, the study of traceability, and environmental monitoring, considering honey as a vector of authorized and not authorized genetically modified organisms. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

Pierboni E.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | Curcio L.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | Curcio L.,University of Perugia | Tovo G.R.,Laboratorio Ogm Ed Igiene Dellambiente | And 3 more authors.
Food Analytical Methods | Year: 2015

The increasing number and diversity of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) developed and commercialised forces laboratories to apply many different methods of analysis. Matrix-based approach helps to minimize analytical effort reducing the number of identifications. However, the correctness of screening phase needs efficient methods. In this paper, 15 systems for the nopaline synthase terminator (T-nos) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a genetic element present in several genetically modified (GM) plants, were tested. The systems were obtained from three methods, and their primers and probes were combined and tested in real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in fast and standard mode. The results have showed that the fast mode presented the lowest mean quantification cycle (Cq) and the highest ∆Rn, that is, the difference between normalized reporter and baseline. These parameters of system efficiency prove that the fast real-time PCR is a possible approach to obtain good data in less than half the time compared to standard mode. The proposed approach allows a practical way to evaluate the most efficient set of oligonucleotides (e.g., primers and probe) in fast and standard real-time PCR before validation. This article describes also in-house validation of the best set oligonucleotides. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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