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Oliveira M.S.B.,Niversidade Federal do Oeste do Para UFOPA | Goncalves R.A.,Niversidade Federal do Oeste do Para UFOPA | Goncalves R.A.,University do Estado do Amapa | Tavares-Dias M.,University do Estado do Amapa | Tavares-Dias M.,Laboratorio Of Sanidade Of Organismos Aquaticos
Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment | Year: 2016

The present study compared the community of parasites in populations of Triportheus angulatus and T. curtus from a tributary of the Amazon River in northern Brazil. All hosts had one or more parasite species, 862,687 parasites were collected from T. curtus and 302,008 from T. angulatus. Species richness of parasites, Shannon diversity index and evenness index were higher for T. angulatus. The parasite communities of both hosts was similar (99%) and composed by Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, Anacanthorus pitophallus, metacercariae and Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) inopinatus, with dominance of I. multifiliis. However, low infection level by Piscinodinium pilullare, Dolops sp. and Contracaecum larvae occurred only in T. angulatus, and Spironucleus sp. was found only in T. curtus. There were differences in the prevalence, intensity and mean abundance for some parasites of both hosts. There was aggregated dispersion of parasites in both hosts, but the infection of P. (S.) inopinatus in T. angulatus showed a random dispersion. For T. angulatus and T. curtus, the diversity and abundance of parasites were influenced by the host size. This was the first report of these parasite species for T. curtus, as well as of I. multifiliis, P. pilullare, Dolops sp., P. (S.) inopinatus and Contracecum sp. for T. angulatus. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Source


Pinheiro D.A.,Laboratorio Of Sanidade Of Organismos Aquaticos | Santos E.F.,Laboratorio Of Sanidade Of Organismos Aquaticos | Neves L.R.,Laboratorio Of Sanidade Of Organismos Aquaticos | Tavares-Dias M.,Laboratorio Of Sanidade Of Organismos Aquaticos
Boletim do Instituto de Pesca | Year: 2015

This study evaluated the parasitic infestations in hybrid tambatinga (Colossoma macropomum and Piaractus brachypomus) farmed in net-cage in the State of Amapá, Northern Brazil. The mouth, operculum, gills and gastrointestinal tract of 50 fish were examined to collection of protozoans and metazoans. Of examined fish, 60% had the gills infected by Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora), Piscinoodinium pillulare (Dinoflagellida) and by Mymarothecium boegeri (Monogenoidea). The low parasitic community consisted of high parasitism by protozoans and low parasitism by monogenoideas, which occurred in 10% of the hosts. Thus, there was dominance of I. multifiliis and P. pillulare, both parasites with aggregated dispersion in the hosts. The parasitism found have not effect in the body condition of hosts, because the relative condition factor (Kn) of parasitized (Kn = 0.999 ± 0.008) and non-parasitized (Kn = 1.000 ± 0.018) was similar, probably due to moderate infestation levels. This first study on parasitic infestation levels in hybrids tambatinga from Brazil showed a low species richness of parasites. © 2015, Instytut Technologii Drewna. All rights reserved. Source

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