San Juan de la Rambla, Spain
San Juan de la Rambla, Spain

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Silva D.,University of Lisbon | Silva D.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Chioua M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Samadi A.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | And 12 more authors.
ACS Chemical Neuroscience | Year: 2013

The synthesis, molecular modeling, and pharmacological analysis of phenoxyalkylamino-4-phenylnicotinates (2-7), phenoxyalkoxybenzylidenemalononitriles (12, 13), pyridonepezils (14-18), and quinolinodonepezils (19-21) are described. Pyridonepezils 15-18 were found to be selective and moderately potent regarding the inhibition of hAChE, whereas quinolinodonepezils 19-21 were found to be poor inhibitors of hAChE. The most potent and selective hAChE inhibitor was ethyl 6-(4-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl) butylamino)-5-cyano-2-methyl-4-phenylnicotinate (18) [IC50 (hAChE) = 0.25 ± 0.02 μM]. Pyridonepezils 15-18 and quinolinodonepezils 20-21 are more potent selective inhibitors of EeAChE than hAChE. The most potent and selective EeAChE inhibitor was ethyl 6-(2-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)ethylamino)-5- cyano-2-methyl-4-phenylnicotinate (16) [IC50 (EeAChE) = 0.0167 ± 0.0002 μM], which exhibits the same inhibitory potency as donepezil against hAChE. Compounds 2, 7, 13, 17, 18, 35, and 36 significantly prevented the decrease in cell viability caused by Aβ1-42. All compounds were effective in preventing the enhancement of AChE activity induced by Aβ1-42. Compounds 2-7 caused a significant reduction whereas pyridonepezils 17 and 18, and compound 16 also showed some activity. The pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinolines 36 and 38 also prevented the upregulation of AChE induced by Aβ1-42. Compounds 2, 7, 12, 13, 17, 18, and 36 may act as antagonists of voltage sensitive calcium channels, since they significantly prevented the Ca2+ influx evoked by KCl depolarization. Docking studies show that compounds 16 and 18 adopted different orientations and conformations inside the active-site gorges of hAChE and hBuChE. The structural and energetic features of the 16-AChE and 18-AChE complexes compared to the 16-BuChE and 18-BuChE complexes account for a higher affinity of the ligand toward AChE. The present data indicate that compounds 2, 7, 17, 18, and 36 may represent attractive multipotent molecules for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. © 2013 American Chemical Society.


Oset-Gasque M.J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Gonzalez M.P.,Complutense University of Madrid | Perez-Pena J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Garcia-Font N.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

The pharmacological analysis of racemic chromenotacrines (CT) 1-7, bearing the 11-amino-12-aryl-8,9,10,12-tetrahydro-7H-chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-3-ol ring skeleton, in a series of experiments targeted to explore their potential use for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is reported. The toxicological evaluation showed that among all these chromenotacrines, CT6 is much less hepatotoxic than tacrine in a range of concentrations from 1 to 300 μM, measured as cell viability in HepG2 cells. Moreover, CT6 did not significantly increase lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate transaminase, and alanine transaminase release in HepG2 cells. Besides, CT6 treatment exerts a high protective effect against the lipid peroxidation induced after H2O2-treated SH-SY5Y cells, in a concentration-dependent manner. CT6 showed an excellent antioxidant profile in the AAPH test, and protects against the decrease in cell viability induced by respiratory chain inhibitors (Oligomicyn A/Rotenone) and NO donors in neuronal cultures. This effect could be due to a mixed antiapoptotic and antinecrotic neuroprotective effect at low and intermediate CT6 concentrations, respectively. CT1-7 are potent and selective inhibitors of EeAChE in the submicromolar range. CT3 [IC50 (EeAChE) = 0.007 ± 0.003 μM], and CT6 [IC50 (EeAChE) = 0.041 ± 0.001 μM] are the most potent AChE inhibitors. Kinetic studies on the non-toxic chromenotacrine CT6 showed that this compound behaves as a non-competitive inhibitor (Ki = 0.047 ± 0.003 μM), indicating that CT6 binds at the peripheral anionic site, a fact confirmed by molecular modeling analysis. In silico ADMET analysis showed also that CT6 should have a moderate BBB permeability. Consequently, non-toxic chromenotacrine CT6 can be considered as an attractive multipotent molecule for the potential treatment of AD. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Chioua M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Perez-Pena J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Garcia-Font N.,Complutense University of Madrid | Moraleda I.,University of Alcalá | And 5 more authors.
Future Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

Aim: Due to the complex nature of Alzheimer's disease, there is a renewed search for multipotent, nonhepatotoxic tacrines. Results: This paper describes the synthesis and in vitro biological evaluation of eight new racemic 3-methyl-4-aryl-2,4,6,7,8,9-hexahydropyrazolo[4′,3′:5,6]pyrano[2,3-b]quinolin-5-amines (pyranopyrazolotacrines, PPT) as nonhepatotoxic multipotent tacrine analogs. Among these compounds, PPT4 is the less hepatotoxic in the cell viability assay on HepG2 cells, showing a good neuroprotective effect in the decreased cortical neuron viability induced by oligomycin A/rotenone analysis. PPT4 is a selective and good, noncompetitive EeAChE inhibitor, able to completely inhibit the Aβ1-40 aggregation induced by acetylcholinesterase. Conclusion: A new family of nonhepatotoxic showing selective acetylcholinesterase inhibition, permeable tacrine analogs have been discovered for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. © 2015 Future Science Ltd.


Bautista-Aguilera O.M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Esteban G.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Bolea I.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Nikolic K.,University of Belgrade | And 7 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

The design, synthesis, and pharmacological evaluation of donepezil-indolyl based amines 7-10, amides 12-16, and carboxylic acid derivatives 5 and 11, as multipotent ASS234 analogs, able to inhibit simultaneously cholinesterase (ChE) and monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is reported. Theoretical studies using 3D-Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (3D-QSAR) was used to define 3D-pharmacophores for inhibition of MAO A/B, AChE, and BuChE enzymes. We found that, in general, and for the same substituent, amines are more potent ChE inhibitors (see compounds 12, 13versus7 and 8) or equipotent (see compounds 14, 15versus9 and 10) than the corresponding amides, showing a clear EeAChE inhibition selectivity. For the MAO inhibition, amides were not active, and among the amines, compound 14 was totally MAO A selective, while amines 15 and 16 were quite MAO A selective. Carboxylic acid derivatives 5 and 11 showed a multipotent moderate selective profile as EeACE and MAO A inhibitors. Propargylamine 15 [N-((5-(3-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)propoxy)-1-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)methyl) prop-2-yn-1-amine] resulted in the most potent hMAO A (IC50 = 5.5 ± 1.4 nM) and moderately potent hMAO B (IC50 = 150 ± 31 nM), EeAChE (IC50 = 190 ± 10 nM), and eqBuChE (IC 50 = 830 ± 160 nM) inhibitor. However, the analogous N-allyl and the N-morpholine derivatives 16 and 14 deserve also attention as they show an attractive multipotent profile. To sum up, donepezil-indolyl hybrid 15 is a promising drug for further development for the potential prevention and treatment of AD. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Bautista-Aguilera O.M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Samadi A.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Chioua M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Nikolic K.,University of Belgrade | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

On the basis of N-((5-(3-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)propoxy)-1-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)methyl)-N-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine (II, ASS234) and QSAR predictions, in this work we have designed, synthesized, and evaluated a number of new indole derivatives from which we have identified N-methyl-N-((1-methyl-5-(3-(1-(2-methylbenzyl)piperidin-4-yl)propoxy)-1H-indol-2-yl)methyl)prop-2-yn-1-amine (2, MBA236) as a new cholinesterase and monoamine oxidase dual inhibitor. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Chioua M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Soriano E.,SEPCO | Infantes L.,CSIC - Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" | Jimeno M.L.,CENQUIOR CSIC | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Organic Chemistry | Year: 2013

We report herein the silver-catalyzed cycloisomerization of readily available N-(prop-2-yn-1-yl)pyridine-2-amines as a new and practical method for the synthesis of differently substituted 3-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridines. The isomerization reactions proceeded under mild reactions conditions to give good yields and excellent regioselectivity. A DFT-based mechanistic analysis is also reported. The silver-catalyzed cycloisomerization of readily available N-(prop-2-yn-1-ylamino)pyridines is a new and practical method for the synthesis of differently substituted 3-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridines, suitable intermediates for further synthetic transformations and modulation, that proceeds under mild reaction conditions to give good-to-high yields and excellent regioselectivity. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Chioua M.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Samadi A.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica | Soriano E.,SEPCO | Infantes L.,CSIC - Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" | Marco-Contelles J.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica
Advanced Synthesis and Catalysis | Year: 2014

We report here that the silver triflate-catalyzed cyclization of 2-amino-6-propargylamineazines affords new and highly functionalized iminoimidazoazines. We have investigated the scope and limitations of the present methodology, and some aspects of the reactivity of the resulting iminoimidazopyridines have been explored, and a DFT-based mechanistic analysis of the silver triflate-catalyzed cyclization has been undertaken. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


PubMed | Laboratorio Of Quimica Medica
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2014

On the basis of N-((5-(3-(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)propoxy)-1-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)methyl)-N-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine (II, ASS234) and QSAR predictions, in this work we have designed, synthesized, and evaluated a number of new indole derivatives from which we have identified N-methyl-N-((1-methyl-5-(3-(1-(2-methylbenzyl)piperidin-4-yl)propoxy)-1H-indol-2-yl)methyl)prop-2-yn-1-amine (2, MBA236) as a new cholinesterase and monoamine oxidase dual inhibitor.

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