Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos

São José dos Campos, Brazil

Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos

São José dos Campos, Brazil
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Passamani L.Z.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Barbosa R.R.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Reis R.S.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Heringer A.S.,State University of Norte Fluminense | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017

Salt stress is one of the most common stresses in agricultural regions worldwide. In particular, sugarcane is affected by salt stress conditions, and no sugarcane cultivar presently show high productivity accompanied by a tolerance to salt stress. Proteomic analysis allows elucidation of the important pathways involved in responses to various abiotic stresses at the biochemical and molecular levels. Thus, this study aimed to analyse the proteomic effects of salt stress in micropropagated shoots of two sugarcane cultivars (CB38-22 and RB855536) using a label-free proteomic approach. The mass spectrometry proteomics data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD006075. The RB855536 cultivar is more tolerant to salt stress than CB38-22. A quantitative label-free shotgun proteomic analysis identified 1172 non-redundant proteins, and 1160 of these were observed in both cultivars in the presence or absence of NaCl. Compared with CB38-22, the RB855536 cultivar showed a greater abundance of proteins involved in non-enzymatic antioxidant mechanisms, ion transport, and photosynthesis. Some proteins, such as calcium-dependent protein kinase, photosystem I, phospholipase D, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, were more abundant in the RB855536 cultivar under salt stress. Our results provide new insights into the response of sugarcane to salt stress, and the changes in the abundance of these proteins might be important for the acquisition of ionic and osmotic homeostasis during exposure to salt stress. © 2017 Passamani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Deolindo P.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos | Deolindo P.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Teixeira-Ferreira A.S.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos | DaMatta R.A.,State University of Norte Fluminense | Alves E.W.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos
Toxicon | Year: 2010

Bothrops jararaca venom induces programmed cell death in epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi. Here we fractionated the venom and observed that the anti-T. cruzi activity was associated with fractions that present l-amino acid oxidase (l-AAO) activity. l-AAO produces H2O2, which is highly toxic. The addition of catalase to the medium, a H2O2 scavenger, reverted the killing capacity of venom fractions. The anti-T. cruzi activity was also abolished when parasites were cultured in a medium without hydrophobic amino acids that are essential for l-AAO activity. These results were confirmed with a commercial purified l-AAO. Treatment for 24 h with fractions that present l-AAO activity induced parasites cytoplasmic retraction, mitochondrial swelling and DNA fragmentation, all morphological characteristics of programmed cell death. Similar changes were also observed when parasites were treated with H2O2. These results indicate that H2O2, the product of l-AAO reaction, induces programmed cell death explaining the anti-T. cruzi activity of B. jararaca venom. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Gomes H.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Moraes J.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Moraes J.,Brazilian National Institute of Technology | Githaka N.,Kenya International Livestock Research Institute | And 8 more authors.
Veterinary Parasitology | Year: 2015

Among arthropods, ticks lead as vectors of animal diseases and rank second to mosquitoes in transmitting human pathogens. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) participate in cell cycle control in eukaryotes. CDKs are serine/threonine protein kinases and these catalytic subunits are activated or inactivated at specific stages of the cell cycle. To determine the potential of using CDKs as anti-tick vaccine antigens, hamsters were immunized with recombinant Ixodes persulcatus CDK10, followed by a homologous tick challenge. Though it was not exactly unexpected, IpCDK10 vaccination significantly impaired tick blood feeding and fecundity, which manifested as low engorgement weights, poor oviposition, and a reduction in 80% of hatching rates. These findings may underpin the development of more efficacious anti-tick vaccines based on the targeting of cell cycle control proteins. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


Fraga A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Moraes J.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Moraes J.,Brazilian National Institute of Technology | Da Silva J.R.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 12 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

The physiological roles of polyphosphates (poly P) recently found in arthropod mitochondria remain obscure. Here, the possible involvement of poly P with reactive oxygen species generation in mitochondria of Rhipicephalus microplus embryos was investigated. Mitochondrial hexokinase and scavenger antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione reductase were assayed during embryogenesis of R. microplus. The influence of poly P3 and poly P15 were analyzed during the period of higher enzymatic activity during embryogenesis. Both poly Ps inhibited hexokinase activity by up to 90% and, interestingly, the mitochondrial membrane exopolyphosphatase activity was stimulated by the hexokinase reaction product, glucose-6-phosphate. Poly P increased hydrogen peroxide generation in mitochondria in a situation where mitochondrial hexokinase is also active. The superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione reductase activities were higher during embryo cellularization, at the end of embryogenesis and during embryo segmentation, respectively. All of the enzymes were stimulated by poly P3. However, superoxide dismutase was not affected by poly P15, catalase activity was stimulated only at high concentrations and glutathione reductase was the only enzyme that was stimulated in the same way by both poly Ps. Altogether, our results indicate that inorganic polyphosphate and mitochondrial membrane exopolyphosphatase regulation can be correlated with the generation of reactive oxygen species in the mitochondria of R. microplus embryos. © Ivyspring International Publisher.


Gomes H.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Romeiro N.C.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Braz G.R.C.,Brazilian National Institute of Technology | Braz G.R.C.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of serine/threonine kinases essential for cell cycle progression. Herein, we describe the participation of CDKs in the physiology of Rhipicephalus microplus, the southern cattle tick and an important disease vector. Firstly, amino acid sequences homologous with CDKs of other organisms were identified from a R. microplus transcriptome database in silico. The analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of CDK1 and CDK10 from R. microplus showed that both have caspase-3/7 cleavage motifs despite their differences in motif position and length of encoded proteins. CDK1 has two motifs (DKRGD and SAKDA) located opposite to the ATP binding site while CDK10 has only one motif (SLLDN) for caspase 3-7 near the ATP binding site. Roscovitine (Rosco), a purine derivative that inhibits CDK/cyclin complexes by binding to the catalytic domain of the CDK molecule at the ATP binding site, which prevents the transfer of ATP's γphosphoryl group to the substrate. To determine the effect of Rosco on tick CDKs, BME26 cells derived from R. microplus embryo cells were utilized in vitro inhibition assays. Cell viability decreased in the Rosco-treated groups after 24 hours of incubation in a concentration-dependent manner and this was observed up to 48 hours following incubation. To our knowledge, this is the first report on characterization of a cell cycle protein in arachnids, and the sensitivity of BME26 tick cell line to Rosco treatment suggests that CDKs are potential targets for novel drug design to control tick infestation. © 2013 Gomes et al.


Campos E.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Campos E.,Brazilian National Institute of Technology | Facanha A.R.,Brazilian National Institute of Technology | Facanha A.R.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos | And 10 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences | Year: 2011

The physiological roles of polyphosphates (polyP) recently found in arthropod mitochondria remain obscure. Here, the relationship between the mitochondrial membrane exopolyphosphatase (PPX) and the energy metabolism of hard tick Rhipicephalus microplus embryos are investigated. Mitochondrial respiration was activated by adenosine diphosphate using polyP as the only source of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and this activation was much greater using polyP3 than polyP15. After mitochondrial subfractionation, most of the PPX activity was recovered in the membrane fraction and its kinetic analysis revealed that the affinity for polyP3 was 10 times stronger than that for polyP15. Membrane PPX activity was also increased in the presence of the respiratory substrate pyruvic acid and after addition of the protonophore carbonyl cyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone. Furthermore, these stimulatory effects disappeared upon addition of the cytochrome oxidase inhibitor potassium cyanide and the activity was completely inhibited by 20 μg/mL heparin. The activity was either increased or decreased by 50% upon addition of dithiothreitol or hydrogen peroxide, respectively, suggesting redox regulation. These results indicate a PPX activity that is regulated during mitochondrial respiration and that plays a role in adenosine-5'-triphosphate synthesis in hard tick embryos. © 2011 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


PubMed | Brazilian National Institute of Technology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos, Kenya International Livestock Research Institute and Hokkaido University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary parasitology | Year: 2015

Among arthropods, ticks lead as vectors of animal diseases and rank second to mosquitoes in transmitting human pathogens. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) participate in cell cycle control in eukaryotes. CDKs are serine/threonine protein kinases and these catalytic subunits are activated or inactivated at specific stages of the cell cycle. To determine the potential of using CDKs as anti-tick vaccine antigens, hamsters were immunized with recombinant Ixodes persulcatus CDK10, followed by a homologous tick challenge. Though it was not exactly unexpected, IpCDK10 vaccination significantly impaired tick blood feeding and fecundity, which manifested as low engorgement weights, poor oviposition, and a reduction in 80% of hatching rates. These findings may underpin the development of more efficacious anti-tick vaccines based on the targeting of cell cycle control proteins.


Moraes J.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos | Moraes J.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Arreola R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Cabrera N.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | And 9 more authors.
Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology | Year: 2011

Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) is an enzyme with a role in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis by catalyzing the interconversion between glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. This enzyme has been used as a target in endoparasite drug development. In this work we cloned, expressed, purified and studied kinetic and structural characteristics of TIM from tick embryos, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (BmTIM). The Km and Vmax of the recombinant BmTIM with glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate as substrate, were 0.47mM and 6031μmolmin-1mgprotein-1, respectively. The resolution of the diffracted crystal was estimated to be 2.4Å and the overall data showed that BmTIM is similar to other reported dimeric TIMs. However, we found that, in comparison to other TIMs, BmTIM has the highest content of cysteine residues (nine cysteine residues per monomer). Only two cysteines could make disulfide bonds in monomers of BmTIM. Furthermore, BmTIM was highly sensitive to the action of the thiol reagents dithionitrobenzoic acid and methyl methane thiosulfonate, suggesting that there are five cysteines exposed in each dimer and that these residues could be employed in the development of species-specific inhibitors. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Fabres A.,Laboratorio Of Quimica E Funcao Of Proteinas E Peptideos | De Andrade C.P.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Guizzo M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Sorgine M.H.F.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 4 more authors.
Parasitology | Year: 2010

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is classically described as a key enzyme involved in glycogen metabolism in mammals. It has been shown to be highly conserved among several organisms, mainly in the catalytic domain region. This enzyme has already been described in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and the ovaries of females appeared to be the major site of GSK-3 transcription. The treatment with GSK-3 specific inhibitor (alsterpaullone, bromo-indirubin-oxime 6 and indirubin-3-oxime) caused a reduction in oviposition and egg hatching in completely engorged female ticks. The effect was more pronounced in partially engorged females when alsterpaullone was administrated by artificial capillary feeding. Moreover, GSK-3 gene silencing by RNAi in partially engorged females reduced significantly both oviposition and hatching. The study of tick embryogenesis and proteins that participate in this process has been suggested as an important means for the development of novel strategies for parasite control. GSK-3 is an essential protein involved in embryonic processes and for this reason it has already been suggested as a possible antigen candidate for tick control. Copyright © 2010 Cambridge University Press.

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