Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal

Brasília, Brazil

Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal

Brasília, Brazil
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Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | Ochoa R.,U.S. Department of Agriculture | Ferragut F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2010

Eriophyoids have high potential as adventive mite species (AMS) because their small size make them difficult to detect, and can be easily distributed in world trade. Economic, social and environmental impact from adventive eriophyoid mites has been significant. Considerable attention has been given to adventive insect species while adventive mites have received little attention and little information is available for eriophyoids. This paper summarizes information on adventive eriophyoid mites, their impact, and the history of some important invasions. The status of adventive species of eriophyoids introduced as biological control agents of weeds is presented. A list of eriophyoid mites reported as invasive species worldwide is given. Pathways of concern and biosecurity actions to reduce the risk of eriophyoid mites are discussed. The need to raise public awareness of the risk and importance of these tiny organisms as AMS is emphasized. Scientific and technical challenges to deal with adventive eriophyoids are discussed. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Gondim Jr. M.G.C.,University of Pernambuco | Castro T.M.M.G.,State University of Roraima | Marsaro Jr. A.L.,Laboratorio Of Entomologia | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | And 3 more authors.
Systematics and Biodiversity | Year: 2012

The red palm mite Raoiella indica Hirst (Tenuipalpidae) was first reported in the New World in 2004, dispersing quickly and widely while adopting new plant species as hosts. Since then, it has caused severe damage in this region, especially to coconut (Cocos nucifera L.). It was first found in Brazil in 2009, in the northern Amazonian state of Roraima. In the present study, native and introduced plants were sampled between March 2010 and February 2011 in sites of the 15 Roraima municipalities, to estimate its distribution and the associated mite fauna. In addition, monthly samples were taken from a coconut plantation in Mucajaí throughout the same period, for an initial appraisal of the levels R. indica could reach. It was found in 10 municipalities, on 19 plant species of four families. Six species are reported for the first time as hosts. Among the associated predators, 89.1% were Phytoseiidae, most commonly Amblyseius largoensis (Muma), Iphiseiodes zuluagai Denmark & Muma and Euseius concordis (Chant). The highest densities of R. indica, 1.5 and 0.35 mites/cm2 of leaflet (approx total of 331 and 77 mites/leaflet), were reached respectively in March 2010 and February 2011. The highest density of phytoseiids on coconut (0.009 mites/cm2 or about 2 mites/leaflet) was reached in November 2010. The average densities of R. indica recorded for Roraima were comparable to those reported for countries in which the mite is reportedly economically damaging. The dispersal of R. indica through the Amazon forest may result in damage to cultivated and native palms, and plants of other families, if the projected increase in both the frequency and the severity of drought events occurs. Parts of the Amazon have undergone periods of low rainfall, a condition that appears to favour the biology of this mite. Its eventual arrival to northeastern Brazil may result in heavy economic and ecological losses. © 2012 The Natural History Museum.


Domingos C.A.,University of Pernambuco | Oliveira L.O.,Laboratorio Of Entomologia | de Morais E.G.F.,Laboratorio Of Entomologia | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2013

The red palm mite, Raoiella indica Hirst (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), was recently introduced in the Americas. It spread quickly throughout coconut palm growing areas, expanding considerably its host range. The invasion of this species has caused high economic impact in several countries. In Brazil, extensive areas are expected to be affected. For logistical reasons and other concerns, chemical control does not seem desirable for the control of this pest in most Latin American countries. Biological control of R. indica by introducing exotic natural enemies seems to be an important control measure to be considered. Surveys in many countries have shown that Amblyseius largoensis (Muma) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is a very common predator on coconut palms. This study compared the biology of a population of A. largoensis found for a long time in association with R. indica in La Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) with a population from Roraima State (northern Brazil), where R. indica was first found about two and a half years ago. No significant differences were observed between populations in relation to the duration of different immature stages or total survivorship. However, the oviposition period, prey consumption and net reproductive rate were significantly higher for the La Reunion population, warranting further investigation to determine whether that population should be released in Roraima to control the pest. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Reis A.C.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Gondim Jr. M.G.C.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | Flechtmann C.H.W.,University of Sao Paulo
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

A new genus and new species of the mite family Eriophyidae (Phyllocoptinae), namely Cothrix erugata n. sp. et n. gen., is described from Heliconia stricta Huber (Heliconiaceae). In addition, one new genus and two new species of Diptilomiopidae, namely Rhyncadicrus asperulus n. sp. et n. gen. from banana, Musa acuminata Colla x Musa balbisiana Colla (genomic group AAB) (Musaceae) and Catarhinus granatus n. sp. from Heliconia bihai L., are described and illustrated. The mites were collected in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. All were vagrants on the lower leaf surfaces of their host plants and no visible damage symptoms were observed. Copyright © 2011 · Magnolia Press.


Ferragut F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | De Moraes G.J.,University of Sao Paulo | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

The phytoseiid mites of the Dominican Republic are virtually unknown. In a survey conducted in areas of natural vegetation of that country, 23 species were collected, two of which, Phytoseius dominicensis Ferragut & Moraes sp. nov. and Typhloseiopsis adventitius Ferragut & Moraes sp. nov., are new to science. We report the species found in that survey, describe the two new species, and provide complementary morphological information about other species. To accommodate the new Typhloseiopsis De Leon species, a redefinition of Typhloseiopsis is proposed. A key for the separation of the species in this genus is provided. Copyright © 2011, Magnolia Press.


Reis A.C.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Gondim Jr. M.G.C.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | Flechtmann C.H.W.,University of Sao Paulo
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

A new genus and four new species of eriophyoid mites associated with native palm trees (Arecaceae) are described and illustrated from the Brazilian Amazon in the State of Roraima, Brazil. They include a new genus and two new species in the family Eriophyidae, namely, Reginesus n. gen. et macuxi n. sp. from Bactris aff. maraja Mart. and Nasuchus socratea n. sp. from Socratea exorrhiza (Mart.) H. Wendl. and Bactris gasipaes Kunth. Two new species were also described in the family Phytoptidae: Propilus bactris n. sp. from Bactris maraja Mart. and Retracrus pupunha n. sp. from Bactris gasipaes Kunth. Copyright © 2012 · Magnolia Press.


Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | Flechtmann C.H.W.,University of Sao Paulo | Lindquist E.E.,Agriculture and Agri Food Canada | Aguilar H.,University of Costa Rica
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

A new species of eriophyoid mite, belonging in the genus Abacarus Keifer (Eriophyidae), causing damage to sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum L. (Poaceae), in Costa Rica is illustrated and described. Abacarus doctus n. sp. is the only eriophyoid species recorded so far with a tibial seta (l′) on the second pair of legs, an unexpected characteristic observed for the first time in the superfamily Eriophyoidea. Remarks on the phylogenetic and taxonomical aspects related to the presence of this seta are presented. Damage symptoms caused by this mite are presented as well as a key for Abacarus species described from sugarcane. In addition, the need to apply biosecurity procedures during sugarcane germplasm exchange to avoid dissemination of the new mite species is discussed. © 2011. Magnolia Press.


Ferragut F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | Ochoa R.,U.S. Department of Agriculture
Experimental and Applied Acarology | Year: 2013

Several mite species commonly attack cultivated citrus around the world. Up to 104 phytophagous species have been reported causing damage to leaves, buds and fruits, but only a dozen can be considered major pests requiring control measures. In recent years, several species have expanded their geographical range primarily due to the great increase in trade and travel worldwide, representing a threat to agriculture in many countries. Three spider mite species (Acari: Tetranychidae) have recently invaded the citrus-growing areas in the Mediterranean region and Latin America. The Oriental red mite, Eutetranychus orientalis (Klein), presumably from the Near East, was detected in southern Spain in 2001. The Texas citrus mite, Eutetranychus banksi (McGregor), is widely distributed in North, Central and South America. It was first reported in Europe in 1999 on citrus in Portugal; afterwards the mite invaded the citrus orchards in southern Spain. In Latin America, the Hindustan citrus mite, Schizotetranychus hindustanicus (Hirst), previously known only from citrus and other host plants in India, was reported causing significant damage to citrus leaves and fruits in Zulia, northwest Venezuela, in the late 1990s. Later, this mite species spread to the southeast being detected on lemon trees in the state of Roraima in northern Brazil in 2008. Whereas damage levels, population dynamics and control measures are relatively well know in the case of Oriental red mite and Texas citrus mite, our knowledge of S. hindustanicus is noticeably scant. In the present paper, information on pest status, seasonal trends and natural enemies in invaded areas is provided for these species, together with morphological data useful for identification. Because invasive species may evolve during the invasion process, comparison of behavior, damage and management options between native and invaded areas for these species will be useful for understanding the invader's success and their ability to colonize new regions. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Hochmuller C.J.C.,University of Cruz Alta | Hochmuller C.J.C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Lopes-da-Silva M.,University of Cruz Alta | Lopes-da-Silva M.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal | And 2 more authors.
Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia | Year: 2010

Although studies on drosophilid (Diptera, Drosophilidae) assemblages have become relatively abundant in the past decades, many environments remain to be searched. The present study investigates the composition, the species abundances and the richness of the drosophilid assemblages in two localities of the municipality of Cruz Alta, northwestern region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, a point of contact between the biomes Atlantic Forest and Pampa: (i) an urban area (2007), constituted by a domestic orchard with Citrus trees, and (ii) a forested area, in Centro de Educação, Pesquisa e Proteção Ambiental - CEPPA (2008/2009), of Universidade de Cruz Alta, located in a fragment of riparian forest. Collections were conducted using fermented banana-baited traps and repeated periodically. A total of 7,428 individuals were caught, belonging to two subfamilies, six genera and 53 species. In the urban area, 22 species were found, from two genera (N = 2,421), while in the forested area 46 species were found, from six genera (N = 5,007). Six exotic species were found, markedly more abundant in the urban area, where they corresponded to 95% of the specimens, in comparison to 50% in the forest. Between the Neotropical species, the most common were Drosophila maculifrons Duda and D. polymorpha Dobzhansky & Pavan. Only D. simulans Sturtevant was captured in all samples in both localities. The present survey represents the first records for the state of Rio Grande do Sul of the D. canalinea and D. virilis species groups and the species D. arassari Cunha & Frota-Pessoa, D. fuscolineata Duda, D. nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, D. papei Bächli & Vilela, D. senei Vilela, D. trifilum Frota-Pessoa, D. virilis Sturtevant, Leucophenga maculosa (Coquillett) and Rhinoleucophenga obesa (Loew). Furthermore, it also represents the first record for the state of the genera Amiota Loew, Leucophenga Mik and Rhinoleucophenga Hendel and of the subfamily Steganinae. So, the present survey raises the number of drosophilid species recorded for the state from 66 to 75, the number of genera from five to eight, and subfamilies from one to two.


Reis A.C.,University of Pernambuco | Gondim Jr. M.G.C.,University of Pernambuco | Ferragut F.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | Navia D.,Laboratorio Of Quarentena Vegetal
International Journal of Acarology | Year: 2014

Four new species of eriophyoid mites associated with native palm trees (Arecaceae) from the Amazon and Pantanal, Brazil, and from Cocora Andean Valley, Colombia, are described and illustrated. They include three new species in the Eriophyidae, all in Notostrix Keifer - Notostrix speciosa sp. nov., from Attalea speciosa Mart. ex. Spreng; Notostrix juma sp. nov., from Bactris glaucescens Drude; and Notostrix colombiana sp. nov., from Ceroxylon quindiuense H. Karst; and one new species in the Phytoptidae, Propilus flechtmanni sp. nov., from Astrocaryum murumuru Mart. ex. Spreng. Morphological differences between Notostrix and Propilus species, including the new taxa herein described, are summarized. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

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