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Lisbon, Portugal

Gomes-Alves P.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Imrie M.,University of Edinburgh | Gray R.D.,University of Edinburgh | Nogueira P.,INSA IP | And 10 more authors.
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Objectives: The aim of this work was to establish protein profiles in serum and nasal epithelial cells of cystic fibrosis individuals in comparison with controls, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients for specific biomarker signatures identification. Design and methods: Protein extracts were analyzed by Surface Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass-Spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). Results: The mass spectra revealed a set of peaks with differential expression in serum and nasal cells among the different groups studied, resulting into peak signatures representative/specific of each pathology. Logistic regressions were applied to those peaks; sensitivity, specificity, Youden's indexes and area under the curve (AUC) of the respective receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were compared. Discussion: Multivariate analysis demonstrated that combination of peaks has a better predictive value than the individual ones. These protein signatures may serve as diagnostic/prognostic markers for the studied diseases with common clinical features, or as follow-up assessment markers of therapeutic interventions. © 2009 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Source

Charro N.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Charro N.,University of Pittsburgh | Hood B.L.,University of Pittsburgh | Faria D.,University of Lisbon | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2011

Complementary 2D-PAGE and 'shotgun' LC-MS/MS approaches were combined to identify medium and low-abundant proteins in sera of Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients (mild or severe pulmonary disease) in comparison with healthy CF-carrier and non-CF carrier individuals aiming to gain deeper insights into the pathogenesis of this multifactorial genetic disease.78 differentially expressed spots were identified from 2D-PAGE proteome profiling yielding 28 identifications and postulating the existence of post-translation modifications (PTM).The 'shotgun' approach highlighted altered levels of proteins actively involved in CF: abnormal tissue/airway remodeling, protease/antiprotease imbalance, innate immune dysfunction, chronic inflammation, nutritional imbalance and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization. Members of the apolipoproteins family (VDBP, ApoA-I, and ApoB) presented gradually lower expression from non-CF to CF-carrier individuals and from those to CF patients, results validated by an independent assay. The multifunctional enzyme NDKB was identified only in the CF group and independently validated by WB. Its functions account for ion sensor in epithelial cells, pancreatic secretion, neutrophil-mediated inflammation and energy production, highlighting its physiological significance in the context of CF.Complementary proteomics-based approaches are reliable tools to reveal pathways and circulating proteins actively involved in a heterogeneous disease such as CF. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Simoes T.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Charro N.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Blonder J.,U.S. National Cancer Institute | Faria D.,University of Lisbon | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2011

A comprehensive proteomic profiling of nasal epithelium (NE) is described. This study relies on simple subcellular fractionation used to obtain soluble- and membrane-enriched fractions followed by 2-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC) separation and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The cells were collected using a brushing technique applied on NE of clinically evaluated volunteers. Subsequently, the soluble- and the membrane-protein enriched fractions were prepared and analyzed in parallel using 2D-LC-MS/MS. In a set of 1482 identified proteins, 947 (63.9%) proteins were found to be associated to membrane fraction. Grand average hydropathy value index (GRAVY) analysis, the transmembrane protein mapping and annotations of primary location deposited in the Human Protein Reference Database (HPRD) confirmed an enrichment of hydrophobic proteins on this dataset. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) of soluble fraction revealed an enrichment of molecular and cellular functions associated with cell death, protein folding and drug metabolism while in membrane fraction showed an enrichment of functions associated with molecular transport, protein trafficking and cell-to-cell signaling and interaction. The IPA showed similar enrichment of functions associated with cellular growth and proliferation in both soluble and membrane subproteomes. This finding was in agreement with protein content analysis using exponentially modified protein abundance index (emPAI). A comparison of our data with previously published studies focusing on respiratory tract epithelium revealed similarities related to identification of proteins associated with physical barrier function and immunological defence. In summary, we extended the NE molecular profile by identifying and characterizing proteins associated to pivotal functions of a respiratory epithelium, including the control of fluid volume and ionic composition at the airways' surface, physical barrier maintenance, detoxification and immunological defence. The extent of similarities supports the applicability of a less invasive analysis of NE to assess prognosis and treatment response of lung diseases such as asthma, cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Pacheco S.A.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Torres V.M.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Louro H.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | Gomes F.,Laboratorio Of Proteomica | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues | Year: 2013

In a previous study, evidence was provided that indoor secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) air pollution remains high in Lisbon restaurants where smoking is allowed, regardless of the protective measures used. The aim of this study was to determine in these locations the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) associated with the particulate phase of SHS (PPAH), a fraction that contains recognized carginogens, such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP). Data showed that restaurant smoking areas might contain PPAH levels as high as 110 ng/m 3, a value significantly higher than that estimated for nonsmoking areas (30 ng/m3) or smoke-free restaurants (22 ng/m3). The effective exposure to SHS components in restaurant smoking rooms was confirmed as cotinine levels found in workers' urine. Considering that all workers exhibited normal lung function, eventual molecular changes in blood that might be associated with occupational exposure to SHS and SHS-associated PPAH were investigated by measurement of two oxidative markers, total antioxidant status (TAS) and 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in plasma and serum, respectively. SHS-exposed workers exhibited higher mean levels of serum 8-OHdG than nonexposed workers, regardless of smoking status. By using a proteomics approach based on 2D-DIGE-MS, it was possible to identify nine differentially expressed proteins in the plasma of SHS-exposed nonsmoker workers. Two acute-phase inflammation proteins, ceruloplasmin and inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain 4 (ITIH4), were predominant. These two proteins presented a high number of isoforms modulated by SHS exposure with the high-molecular-weight (high-MW) isoforms decreased in abundance while low-MW isoforms were increased in abundance. Whether these expression profiles are due to (1) a specific proteolytic cleavage, (2) a change on protein stability, or (3) alterations on post-translational modification pattern of these proteins remains to be investigated. Considering that these events seem to precede the first symptoms of tobacco-related diseases, our findings might contribute to elucidation of early SHS-induced pathogenic mechanisms and constitute a useful tool for monitoring the effects of SHS on occupationally exposed individuals such as those working in the hospitality industry. © 2013 Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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