Xalapa de Enríquez, Mexico
Xalapa de Enríquez, Mexico

Time filter

Source Type

Zomosa-Signoret V.,Laboratorio Experimental Of Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas | Zomosa-Signoret V.,Autonomous University of Nuevo León | Mayoral M.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Limon D.,Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia | And 4 more authors.
Neuropathology | Year: 2011

Prion diseases are caused by an abnormal form of the prion protein (PrPSc). We identified, with lectins, post-translational modifications of brain proteins due to glycosylation in a Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) patient. The lectin Amaranthus leucocarpus (ALL), specific for mucin type O-glycosylated structures (Galß1,3 GalNAcα1,0 Ser/Thr or GalNAcα1,0 Ser/Thr), and Sambucus nigra agglutinin (SNA), specific for Neu5Acα2,6 Gal/GalNAc, showed positive labeling in all the prion deposits and in the core of the PrPSc deposits, respectively, indicating specific distribution of O-glycosylated and sialylated structures. Lectins from Maackia amurensis (MAA, Neu5Acα2,3), Macrobrachium rosenbergii (MrL, Neu5,9Ac2-specific) and Arachis hypogaea (PNA, Gal-specific) showed low staining of prion deposits. Immunohistochemistry colocalization with prion antibody indicated that all lectins stained prion protein deposits. These results show that specific modifications in the glycosylation pattern are closely related to the hallmark lesions and might be an early event in neuronal degeneration in GSS disease. © 2010 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.


Benitez-King G.,Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia | Valdes-Tovar M.,Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia | Trueta C.,Instituto Nacional Of Psiquiatria Ramon Of La Fuente Muniz Inprfm | Galvan-Arrieta T.,Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia | And 4 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience | Year: 2016

Schizophrenia (SZ) and Bipolar Disorder (BD) are highly inheritable chronic mental disorders with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Despite that many efforts had been made to characterize biomarkers in order to allow for biological testing for their diagnoses, these disorders are currently detected and classified only by clinical appraisal based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Olfactory neuroepithelium-derived neuronal precursors have been recently proposed as a model for biomarker characterization. Because of their peripheral localization, they are amenable to collection and suitable for being cultured and propagated in vitro. Olfactory neuroepithelial cells can be obtained by a non-invasive brush-exfoliation technique from neuropsychiatric patients and healthy subjects. Neuronal precursors isolated from these samples undergo in vitro the cytoskeletal reorganization inherent to the neurodevelopment process which has been described as one important feature in the etiology of both diseases. In this paper, we will review the current knowledge on microtubular organization in olfactory neurons of patients with SZ and with BD that may constitute specific cytoskeletal endophenotypes and their relation with alterations in L-type voltage-activated Ca2+ currents. Finally, the potential usefulness of neuronal precursors for pharmacological screening will be discussed. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


Contreras C.M.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Contreras C.M.,University of Veracruz | Contreras C.M.,Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia | Gutierrez-Garcia A.G.,University of Veracruz | And 2 more authors.
Neuropsychobiology | Year: 2012

Wistar rats subjected to physical stress release a urine alarm pheromone (2-heptanone) that produces signs of anxiety and despair in receptor rats not subjected to physical stress. However, unknown are the effects of 2-heptanone on the firing rate of the basal amygdala, a structure that participates in the expression of fear, and the participation of anterior olfactory epithelial organs, namely the septal organ and vomeronasal organ (SO-VNO). We explored the effects of 2-heptanone applied near the nostrils on single-unit extracellular recordings from the basal amygdala in a sham-operated group and rats that underwent removal of the SO-VNO. The firing rate of basal amygdala neurons in the SO-VNO removal group was significantly higher than in the sham-operated group. In both groups, recordings were classified according to the responses to 2-heptanone (i.e., increased firing rate, decreased firing rate, and no response). SO-VNO removal was associated with an increased firing rate in the three types of neurons. A similar number of neurons increased their firing rate during and after 2-heptanone stimulation in both groups, but such an increase in firing rate was longer in the group of rats subjected to SO-VNO removal. The results indicate that the SO-VNO is not essential for the effect of 2-heptanone on the firing rate of basal amygdala neurons. SO-VNO ablation did not block but rather accentuated the response of amygdala neurons to 2-heptanone. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.


PubMed | Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia and Instituto Nacional Of Psiquiatria Ramon Of La Fuente Muniz Inprfm
Type: | Journal: Molecular and cellular neurosciences | Year: 2016

Schizophrenia (SZ) and Bipolar Disorder (BD) are highly inheritable chronic mental disorders with a worldwide prevalence of around 1%. Despite that many efforts had been made to characterize biomarkers in order to allow for biological testing for their diagnoses, these disorders are currently detected and classified only by clinical appraisal based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Olfactory neuroepithelium-derived neuronal precursors have been recently proposed as a model for biomarker characterization. Because of their peripheral localization, they are amenable to collection and suitable for being cultured and propagated in vitro. Olfactory neuroepithelial cells can be obtained by a non-invasive brush-exfoliation technique from neuropsychiatric patients and healthy subjects. Neuronal precursors isolated from these samples undergo in vitro the cytoskeletal reorganization inherent to the neurodevelopment process which has been described as one important feature in the etiology of both diseases. In this paper, we will review the current knowledge on microtubular organization in olfactory neurons of patients with SZ and with BD that may constitute specific cytoskeletal endophenotypes and their relation with alterations in L-type voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents. Finally, the potential usefulness of neuronal precursors for pharmacological screening will be discussed.

Loading Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia collaborators
Loading Laboratorio Of Neurofarmacologia collaborators