Scotton D.C.,Laboratorio Of Melhoramento Of Plantas |
Benedito V.A.,Laboratorio Of Melhoramento Of Plantas |
de Molfetta J.B.,Laboratorio Of Melhoramento Of Plantas |
Rodrigues B.I.F.P.,Laboratorio Of Melhoramento Of Plantas |
And 2 more authors.
Horticultura Brasileira | Year: 2013
Garlic cultivars are sexually sterile under standard growth conditions, with direct implications for commercial production costs as well as breeding programs. Garlic is propagated commercially via bulblets, which facilitates disease transmission and virus load accumulation over vegetative generations. Tissue culture produces virus-free clones that are more productive, while keeping the desired traits of the cultivar. Consequently, this technique allows studies of garlic genetics as well as guarantees genetic conservation of varieties. We aimed at analyzing the in vitro regeneration of eight marketable cultivars of garlic using root segments as explants. For each genotype, bulblet-derived explants were isolated and introduced into MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D and 2-iP. Calli were transferred to MS medium supplemented with 8.8 μM BAP and 0.1 μM NAA (regeneration medium A), or with 4.6 μM kinetin alone (regeneration medium B). The calli were then evaluated for regeneration frequency after sixty days of in vitro cultivation. The noble cultivar 'Jonas' presented the highest rates of plant regeneration among the cultivars tested. The medium A, which contained auxin and cytokinin, induced the highest regeneration rates of all cultivars. The process described herein is simple, reproducible and can potentially be used as a tool in molecular breeding strategies for other marketable cultivars and genotypes of garlic.