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Melo M.R.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular | Melo M.R.,Medicina Laboratorial | Martins A.R.,Especialista em Patologia Clinica | Barbosa I.V.,MBA em Gestao Empresarial | And 2 more authors.
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial | Year: 2010

The Brazilian Society of Clinical Pathology/Laboratory Medicine (SBPC/ML) launched a series of recommendations on how to minimize errors on the pre-analytical testing phase during the 44th Brazilian Congress of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. This is one of them. The molecular diagnostics market is growing fast and many people believe these tests are less error-prone. In this study we highlight that proper care during the pre-analytical phase is extremely important in order to ensure the reliability of molecular diagnostic tests.

Castro R.B.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular
Genetics and molecular research : GMR | Year: 2012

Insulin resistance is an underlying cause of metabolic changes associated with cardiovascular diseases. Glucocorticoids are known determinant factors of insulin resistance. We quantified glucocorticoid receptor alpha (GRα) mRNA and 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) mRNA in various tissues of 35 patients with previously established cardiovascular disease. This was a prospective study in a cardiac surgery patient setting. Samples of subcutaneous adipose tissue, epicardial fat, muscle, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were examined. GRα and 11β-HSD1 mRNA were determined by real-time PCR. Mean age was 54.4 years. A significantly higher level of GRα mRNA was observed in muscle, with mean = 43.6 arbitrary units, median (p25-p75) = 39.4, compared to epicardial adipose tissue, with mean = 34.2, median (p25-p75) = 27.6, and to subcutaneous adipose tissue, with mean = 29.0, median (p25-p75) = 19.0, and lymphocytes, with mean = 17.5, median (p25-p75) = 14.02. When patients with diabetes mellitus were compared to patients without insulin resistance, significantly lower levels of GRα mRNA were observed in epicardial fat. Lymphocytes had the lowest 11β-HSD1 mRNA concentration. We also observed significantly reduced 11β-HSD1 mRNA levels in visceral fat when compared with muscle tissue. GRα and 11β-HSD1 mRNA levels differed among tissues involved in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome. We conclude that epicardial adipose tissue has lower GRαmRNA levels in insulin-resistant patients; this seems to be an adaptive and protective mechanism.

Kaupert L.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Gomes L.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Brito V.N.,University of Sao Paulo | Lemos-Marini S.H.V.,University of Campinas | And 7 more authors.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics | Year: 2016

Background: In 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD), there is an influence of genotype on the severity of external genitalia virilization. However, females carrying mutations predicting a similar impairment of enzymatic activity present a wide variability of genital phenotypes. In such cases, interindividual variability in genes related to the sex steroid hormone pathway could play a role. Objective: To evaluate the influence of POR, HSD17B5 and SRD5A2 variants on the severity of external genitalia virilization in 21-OHD females. Design and Patients: Prader stages were evaluated in 178 females with 21-OHD from a multicenter study. The 21-OHD genotypes were divided into two groups according to their severity: severe and moderate. The influences of the POR p.A503V, HSD17B5 c.-71A>G, HSD17B5 c.-210A>C, and SRD5A2 p.A49T and p.V89L variants on the degree of external genitalia virilization were analyzed. Results: The POR p.A503V, HSD17B5 c.-71A>G, HSD17B5 c.-210A>C, and SRD5A2 p.A49T and p.V89L variants were found in 25, 33, 17, 1, and 31% of the alleles, respectively. In uni- and multilinear regression, HSD17B5 c.-210A>C has a significant influence on the degree of external genitalia virilization. This variant was also identified with a higher frequency in the most severely virilized females. Conclusion: We demonstrated that a variant in the promoter region of HSD17B5 related to fetal androgen synthesis influences the genital phenotype in 21-OHD females. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Oliveira A.L.,Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo | Rodrigues F.F.O.,Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo | Santos R.E.,Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo | Aoki T.,Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Sao Paulo | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2010

The glutathione S-transferase (GST) family consists of phase II detoxification enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of toxic substances, such as chemotherapeutic agents, to glutathione. We examined whether GSTT1/GSTT1"null", GSTM1/GSTM1"null" and GSTP1Ile105Ile/GSTP1Ile105Val polymorphisms are associated with different response rates to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of stage II and III breast cancer. Forty Brazilian women with invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the breast submitted to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, using 5-fluorouracil, epirubicin and cyclophosphamide, were genotyped for the GSTT1, GSTM1 and GSTP1 genes. Clinical response was assessed by RECIST criteria. Comparisons were made for the three genes alone and in pairs, as polymorphic and as wild-type combinations and polymorphic/wild-type combinations. We analyzed all possible combinations and their response rate. Patients with the GSTT1/GSTP1105Ile combination were found to have a significantly better response than GSTT1"null"/GSTP1105Val (P = 0.0209) and GSTT1/GSTM1 (P = 0.0376) combinations. Analysis of all possible combinations showed the GSTM1"null" polymorphic genotype to be present in four, and the wild-type GSTP1105Ile in six of the combinations associated with the largest number of responding patients. We found that patients with the GSTT1/GSTP1105Ile wild-type combination had a significantly higher response rate to chemotherapy than patients with the respective polymorphic GSTT1"null"/GSTP1105Val combination or patients with the wild-type GSTT1/GSTM1. The six gene combinations associated with the largest number of responding patients were found to contain the wildtype GSTP1105Ile and the polymorphic-type GSTM1"null". These specific combinations were virtually absent in the combinations with few responding patients. © FUNPEC-RP.

Correa S.C.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular | Rocha M.N.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular | Richeti F.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular | Kochi C.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Molecular | And 3 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2014

Turner syndrome (TS) is characterized by the presence of one full X chromosome and total or partial deletion of the second sex chromosome. Diagnosis of TS is often delayed, resulting in inappropriate treatment. Early diagnosis of TS using a neonatal screening test may improve preventive measures and treatment, thus improving patient quality of life. The goal of this study was to standardize a neonatal TS screening algorithm. Two study genes (ARSE and MAGEH1) and 1 normalizing gene (HBB) were used to detect the second X chromosome. We screened 996 newborns whose peripheral blood was collected and stored in filter paper. In addition, samples from 20 patients with confirmed diagnosis of TS were included in the study. Relative amounts of ARSE/HBB were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The cutoff at the 5th percentile was arbitrarily set to indicate repetition of the test. The test was repeated in 51/1016 patients with ARSE/HBB < 0.81. For 10 samples with values persistently <0.81, we quantified the MAGEH1/HBB ratio. Values below the 95th percentile in TS patients (MAGEH1/HBB < 1.24) were considered to be inadequate. Only 6/996 NB showed inadequate values for the 2 studied genes, which were recalled for clinical evaluation and karyotype testing. Analysis of 20 patients diagnosed with TS allowed for identification of falsenegatives and true-positives, establishing 95% sensitivity when the indicated cutoff values were used. In conclusion, our algorithm reached 95% detection sensitivity with an acceptable recall rate (0.6%), allowing for the detection of suspected TS cases in the neonatal period. © FUNPEC-RP.

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