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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Sinistro R.,Laboratorio Of Limnologia | Sinistro R.,CONICET
Journal of Plankton Research | Year: 2010

This field experimental study simultaneously analysed the effects of predation (top-down) and nutrients (bottom-up) on planktonic communities (phytoplankton, zooplankton, heterotrophic nanoflagellates and ciliates) in a warm temperate wetland in South America. The top-down and bottom-up controls were investigated by assessing the impact of omnivorous-planktivorous fish (Jenynsia sp.) and the effects of nutrient input from natural lake sediments, respectively. Three treatments and a control were run in triplicate in mesocosms and samples were taken at Days 0, 3, 7 and 15. The control contained all the planktonic components while treatments included all planktonic components plus the addition of either planktivorous fish (F), natural wetland sediments in dialysis bags (S) or both of them (SF). A bottom-up effect due to nutrient release from sediment (mainly total phosphorus) was noticed in treatments S and SF. Phytoplankton abundance increased in all treatments compared with the control. Thus, phytoplankton appeared to be bottom-up controlled while fish exerted a strong predation pressure on zooplankton (top-down), because treatments F and SF showed a marked decrease in mesozooplankton abundance. The results obtained in this study agree with the hypothesis that phytoplankton regulation by zooplankton might be weaker in warm temperate systems than in temperate ones.

Vera M.S.,Laboratorio Of Limnologia | Di Fiori E.,Laboratorio Of Limnologia | Lagomarsino L.,Buenos Aires Institute of Technology | Sinistro R.,Laboratorio Of Limnologia | And 7 more authors.
Ecotoxicology | Year: 2012

Glyphosate-based formulations are among the most widely used herbicides in the world. The effect of the formulation Glifosato Atanor on freshwater microbial communities (phytoplankton, bacterioplankton, periphyton and zooplankton) was assessed through a manipulative experiment using six small outdoor microcosms of small volume. Three of the microcosms were added with 3.5 mg l-1 of glyphosate whereas the other three were left as controls without the herbicide. The treated microcosms showed a significant increase in total phosphorus, not fully explained by the glyphosate present in the Glifosato Atanor ®. Therefore, part of the phosphorus should have come from the surfactants of the formulation. The results showed significant direct and indirect effects of Glifosato Atanor on the microbial communities. A single application of the herbicide caused a fast increase both in the abundance of bacterioplankton and planktonic picocyanobacteria and in chlorophyll a concentration in the water column. Although metabolic alterations related to oxidative stress were induced in the periphyton community, the herbicide favored its development, with a large contribution of filamentous algae typical of nutrient-rich systems, with shallow and calm waters. An indirect effect of the herbicide on the zooplankton was observed due to the increase in the abundance of the rotifer Lecane spp. as a consequence of the improved food availability given by picocyanobacteria and bacteria. The formulation affected directly a fraction of copepods as a target. It was concluded that the Glifosato Atanor® accelerates the deterioration of the water quality, especially when considering small-volume water systems. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.

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