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Martins G.R.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | Gelaleti G.B.,Sao Paulo State University | Moschetta M.G.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | Maschio-Signorini L.B.,Sao Paulo State University | De Campos Zuccari D.A.P.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2016

Inflammation results in the production of cytokines, such as interleukin- (IL-) 4 and IL-10 with immunosuppressive properties or IL-6 and TNF-α with procarcinogenic activity. Furthermore, NF-B is the major link between inflammation and tumorigenesis. This study verified the interaction between active inflammatory cytokines in the tumor microenvironment and serum of female dogs with mammary tumors and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival. Measurement of gene expression was performed by qPCR and protein levels by ELISA/Luminex. High gene and protein expression levels of NF-B, IL-6, and TNF-α were found in association with characteristics that reflect worse prognosis and a negative correlation between TNF-α protein expression and survival time was observed (p<0.05). In contrast, high gene and protein expression levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were associated with characteristics of better prognosis and an increased level of IL-4 and a longer survival time of animals were obtained (p<0.05). In addition, there was a positive correlation between TNF-α and IL-6 expression in association with NF-B. The results show a significant correlation of these cytokines with tumor development, associated with NF-B expression and cytokines promodulation, showing that these biological factors could be used as predictive and prognostic markers in breast cancer. © 2016 Gustavo Rodrigues Martins et al.

Goncalves N.N.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | Rodrigues R.V.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | Rodrigues R.V.,Sao Paulo State University | Jardim-Perassi B.V.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | And 6 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Background: Oral cancer is the most common type of head and neck cancer and its high rate of mortality and morbidity is closely related to the processes of angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. The overexpression of the pro-angiogenic genes, HIF-1α and VEGF, and pro-metastatic gene, ROCK-1, are associated with unfavorable prognosis in oral carcinoma. Melatonin has oncostatic, antiangiogenic and antimetastatic properties in several types of neoplasms, although its relationship with oral cancer has been little explored. This study aims to analyze the expression of the genes HIF-1α, VEGF and ROCK-1 in cell lines of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, after treatment with melatonin.Methods: SCC9 and SCC25 cells were cultured and cell viability was assessed by MTT assay, after treatment with 100 µM of CoCl2 to induce hypoxia and with melatonin at different concentrations. The analysis of quantitative RT-PCR and the immunocytochemical analysis were performed to verify the action of melatonin under conditions of normoxia and hypoxia, on gene and protein expression of HIF-1α, VEGF and ROCK-1.Results: The MTT assay showed a decrease in cell viability in both cell lines, after the treatment with melatonin. The analysis of quantitative RT-PCR indicated an inhibition of the expression of the pro-angiogenic genes HIF-1α (P < 0.001) and VEGF (P < 0.001) under hypoxic conditions, and of the pro-metastatic gene ROCK-1 (P < 0.0001) in the cell line SCC9, after treatment with 1 mM of melatonin. In the immunocytochemical analysis, there was a positive correlation with gene expression data, validating the quantitative RT-PCR results for cell line SCC9. Treatment with melatonin did not demonstrate inhibition of the expression of genes HIF-1α, VEGF and ROCK-1 in line SCC25, which has different molecular characteristics and greater degree of malignancy when compared to the line SCC9.Conclusion: Melatonin affects cell viability in the SCC9 and SCC25 lines and inhibits the expression of the genes HIF-1α, VEGF and ROCK-1 in SCC9 line. Additional studies may confirm the potential therapeutic effect of melatonin in some subtypes of oral carcinoma. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.

Ferreira L.C.,Sao Paulo State University | Ferreira L.C.,Laboratorio Of Investigacao Molecular No Cancer Limc | Arbab A.S.,Georgia Regents University | Arbab A.S.,Ford Motor Company | And 9 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

The formation of a new blood vessel is stimulated by angiogenic factors. Curcumin, which is the active ingredient of the spice plant Curcuma longa L and is used as food and traditional medicine, has shown anticancer effects against different types of cancers. We evaluated the effects of curcumin on angiogenesis/pro-angiogenic factors in a mouse model of human breast cancer. Cell viability was measured by the MTT assay after curcumin treatment in triple-negative breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231). For the in vivo study, human breast cancer was induced in athymic mice and treated with 300 mg/kg/day of curcumin administered intraperitoneally. Tumor size was measured weekly, and the animals underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scanning with Tc-99m tagged VEGF-c to detect the in vivo expression of VEGFR2/3. In addition, the expression of proangiogenic/ growth factors in the tumor extracts was evaluated by a membrane antibody array. Histological analysis was performed to confirm the effect of curcumin on neovascularization. The MTT assay showed that curcumin significantly reduced the cell viability of MDA-MB-231 cells. In breast cancer xenografts, curcumin treatment led to a decrease in tumor volume and cell proliferation (Ki-67) compared with the vehicle treated group. Tc-99m-HYNIC-VEGF-c-SPECT imaging showed decreased uptake to the tumor, which may indicate a lower expression of VEGFR2/3 in curcumin treated tumors; however, a statistically significant difference was not achieved (p>0.05). Additionally, curcumin treatment showed a significantly low level of expression of pro-angiogenic factors (p<0.05) and a decrease in micro-vessel density (vWF) in animals compared with that of vehicle treated tumors. In conclusion, curcumin treatment showed effectiveness in reducing tumor growth and cell proliferation, as well as in the inhibition of angiogenesis © 2015 Bentham Science Publishers.

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