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Souza-Silva F.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Pereira B.A.S.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Finkelstein L.C.,Laboratorio Of Imunoparasitologia | Zucolotto V.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Recognition | Year: 2014

Peptides from the COOH-terminal extension of cysteine proteinase B from Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis (cyspep) can modulate immune responses in vertebrate hosts. With this hypothesis as base, we used the online analysis tool SYFPEITHI to predict seven epitopes from this region with potential to bind H2 proteins. We performed proliferation tests and quantified reactive T lymphocytes applying a cytometry analysis, using samples from draining lymph node of lesions from L. (L.) amazonensis-infected mice. To define reactivity of T cells, we used complexes of DimerX (H2 Db:Ig and H2 Ld:Ig) and the putative epitopes. Additionally, we applied surface plasmon resonance to verify real time interactions between the putative epitopes and DimerX proteins. Five peptides induced blastogenesis in BALB/c cells, while only two presented the same property in C57BL/6 mouse cells. In addition, our data indicate the existence of CD8+ T lymphocyte populations able to recognize each tested peptide in both murine strains. We observed an overlapping of results between the peptides that induced lymphocyte proliferation and those capable of binding to the DimerX in the surface plasmon resonance assays thus indicating that using these recombinant proteins in biosensing analyses is a promising tool to study real time molecular interactions in the context of major histocompatibility complex epitopes. The data gathered in this study reinforce the hypothesis that cyspep-derived peptides are important factors in the murine host infection by L. (L.) amazonensis. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Nogueira-Paiva N.C.,Laboratorio Of Imunopatologia | da Fonseca K.S.,Laboratorio Of Imunopatologia | de Vieira P.M.A.,Laboratorio Of Imunopatologia | de Vieira P.M.A.,Institute Ciencias Exatas e Biologicas | And 10 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2014

Chagasic megaoesophagus and megacolon are characterised by motor abnormalities related to enteric nervous system lesions and their development seems to be related to geographic distribution of distinct Trypanosoma cruzi subpopulations. Beagle dogs were infected with Y or Berenice-78 (Be-78) T. cruzi strains and necropsied during the acute or chronic phase of experimental disease for post mortem histopathological evaluation of the oesophagus and colon. Both strains infected the oesophagus and colon and caused an inflammatory response during the acute phase. In the chronic phase, inflammatory process was observed exclusively in the Be-78 infected animals, possibly due to a parasitism persistent only in this group. Myenteric denervation occurred during the acute phase of infection for both strains, but persisted chronically only in Be-78 infected animals. Glial cell involvement occurred earlier in animals infected with the Y strain, while animals infected with the Be-78 strain showed reduced glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactive area of enteric glial cells in the chronic phase. These results suggest that although both strains cause lesions in the digestive tract, the Y strain is associated with early control of the lesion, while the Be-78 strain results in progressive gut lesions in this model.

Alves R.,University of Sao Paulo | Queiroz A.T.L.,Laboratorio Of Imunoparasitologia | Pessoa M.G.,University of Sao Paulo | Da Silva E.F.,University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis | Year: 2013

Several new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs are in development for chronic hepatitis C viral (HCV) infection, and NS3-NS4A serine protease and the NS5B RNA-dependent RNA polymerase have been the major targets. HCV variants displaying drug-resistant phenotypes have been observed both in vitro and during clinical trials. Our aim was to characterize amino acid changes at positions previously associated with resistance in protease (NS3) and polymerase (NS5B) regions from treatment-naïve HCV patients infected with genotypes 1a, 1b and 3a. All 1383 NS3 protease sequences (genotype 1a = 680, 1b = 498 and 3a = 205) and 806 NS5B polymerase sequences (genotypes 1a = 471, 1b = 329, 3a = 6) were collected from Los Alamos databank. Genotype 3a protease sequences showed the typical low-level resistance mutation V36L. NS3 sequences from other genotypes presented mutations on positions 36, 39, 41, 43, 54, 80, 109, 155 and 168 in a frequency lower than 2%, except for the mutation Q80R found in 35% of genotype 1a isolates. Polymerase sequences from genotype 3a patients showed five typical mutations: L419I, I424V, I482L, V499A and S556G. Two positions presented high polymorphism in the NS5B region from genotype 1a (V499A) and genotype 1b (C316N) subjects. Our results demonstrated a natural profile of genotype 3a that can be associated with the pre-existence of HCV variants resistant to first-generation protease inhibitors and to non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors. Likewise, genotype 1b isolates and genotype 1a sequences exhibited pre-existing mutations associated with resistance to Palm II and Thumb I polymerase inhibitors, respectively. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Fagundes A.,Laboratorio Of Vigilancia Em Leishmanioses | Schubach A.,Laboratorio Of Vigilancia Em Leishmanioses | de Paula C.C.,Laboratorio Of Vigilancia Em Leishmanioses | Bogio A.,Laboratorio Of Vigilancia Em Leishmanioses | And 11 more authors.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz | Year: 2010

The present study investigated the diagnostic value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) performed in parallel to conventional methods at an American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) referral centre for diagnosis. Accuracy parameters for PCR were calculated using 130 patients with confirmed ATL (ATL group), 15 patients established with other diseases and 23 patients with a lesion suggestive of ATL, but without parasitological confirmation (NDEF group). PCR showed 92.3% sensitivity, 93.3% specificity, a 99.2% positive predictive value and a 13.84 positive likelihood ratio. In the NDEF group, PCR confirmed ATL in 13 of the 23 patients, seven of whom responded to leishmaniasis treatment and six who presented spontaneous healing of the lesion. PCR should be included in the routine diagnostic procedures for ATL, especially for cases found to be negative by conventional methods.

Macedo A.B.B.,Laboratorio Of Imunoparasitologia | Macedo A.B.B.,Aix - Marseille University | Sanchez-Arcila J.C.,Laboratorio Of Imunoparasitologia | Schubach A.O.,Institute Pesquisa Clinica Evandro Chagas IPEC | And 6 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology | Year: 2012

Leishmaniasis is a group of important parasitic diseases affecting millions worldwide. To understand more clearly the quality of T helper type 1 (Th1) response stimulated after Leishmania infection, we applied a multiparametric flow cytometry protocol to evaluate multifunctional T cells induced by crude antigen extracts obtained from promastigotes of Leishmania braziliensis (LbAg) and Leishmania amazonensis (LaAg) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healed cutaneous leishmaniasis patients. Although no significant difference was detected in the percentage of total interferon (IFN)-γ-producing CD4 +T cells induced by both antigens, multiparametric flow cytometry analysis revealed clear differences in the quality of Th1 responses. LbAg induced an important proportion of multifunctional CD4 + T cells (28% of the total Th1 response evaluated), whereas LaAg induced predominantly single-positive cells (68%), and 57% of those were IFN-γ single-positives. Multifunctional CD4 +T cells showed the highest mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) for the three Th1 cytokines assessed and MFIs for IFN-γ and interleukin-2 from those cells stimulated with LbAg were significantly higher than those obtained after LaAg stimulation. These major differences observed in the generation of multifunctional CD4 + T cells suggest that the quality of the Th1 response induced by L.amazonensis antigens can be involved in the mechanisms responsible for the high susceptibility observed in L.amazonensis-infected individuals. Ultimately, our results call attention to the importance of studying a Th1 response regarding its quality, not just its magnitude, and indicate that this kind of evaluation might help understanding of the complex and diverse immunopathogenesis of American tegumentary leishmaniasis. © 2011 The Authors. Clinical and Experimental Immunology © 2011 British Society for Immunology.

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