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Mar del Plata, Argentina

The helminth communities of silverside, Odontesthes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835), from two Argentinean lagoons were studied and compared at component community and infracommunity levels. Nine helminth species were found: five digeneans (Austrodiplostomum cf. mordax, Ascocotyle (Phagicola) cf. diminuta, Ascocotyle sp., Thometrema bonariensis and Saccocoelioides sp.); two nematodes (Contracaecum sp. and Hysterothylacium sp.); one acanthocephalan (Wolffhugelia matercula) and one cestode (Cangatiella macdonaghi). Odontesthes bonariensis is a new host record for five parasite species. Richness, diversity and number of helminths in silversides from Salada Grande lagoon were higher than in those from Lacombe lagoon. This could be related with lagoon size, abundance of mollusks and fish-eating birds, and size and diet of silversides captured in each lagoon. In Salada Grande lagoon the helminth community of silversides was dominated by the allogenic and generalist species A. cf. mordax; while the autogenic and intermediate specialist species C. macdonaghi was dominant in Lacombe lagoon. Host sex did not affect richness, diversity or total abundance, whereas host size was positively correlated with these attributes, except diversity in Salada Grande lagoon.

De Chambrier A.,Museum dHistoire Naturelle | Gil De Pertierra A.,Laboratorio Of Helmintologia
Revue Suisse de Zoologie | Year: 2012

A new species of Ophiotaenia, O. oumanskyi sp. n., is described from the intestine of the frog, Lepidobatrachus laevis (Anura: Leptodactylidae), from Paraguay. Among the 10 species of Ophiotaenia found in anurans of the Neotropical Region, only O. bonariensis Szidat & Soria, 1954 and O. ecuadoriensis Dyer, 1986 possess an apical organ, whereas it is absent in the 8 other species. O. bonariensis differs from O. oumanskyi by the total length of the strobila (400-500 mm versus 50-96 mm) and by the number of testes (120-140 versus 85-119). O. ecuadoriensis differs of O. oumanskyi by the total lenght of strobila (29 mm versus 50-96 mm), by the position of the vagina to cirrus-sac (posterior versus anterior and posterior) and by the diameter of the embryophore (23-26 versus 30). Proteocephalus bufonis Chandra & Gupta, 2007 becomes Proteocephalus chandrae nom. nov. (to avoid homonymy with Proteocephalus bufonis Vigueras, 1942). Proteocephalus chandrae nom. nov. is transferred to Ophiotaenia and becomes Ophiotaenia chandrae n. comb.

Lunaschi L.I.,Laboratorio Of Helmintologia | Drago F.B.,Laboratorio Of Helmintologia
Check List | Year: 2010

The aim of this paper is to increase the knowledge on the diversity of digenean parasites in ophidians and anurans from northeastern Argentina. Specimens of the snakes Eunectes notaeus, Hydrodynastes gigas, Micrurus corallinus, Philodryas sp. and Sibynomorphus sp., and the anurans Rhinella schneideri, Phyllomedusa azurea and Leptodactylus latrans were examined. Twelve digenean species were identified: Catadiscus corderoi Mañe ́-Garzo ́n, 1958, Catadiscus dolichocotyle (Cohn, 1903), Catadiscus uruguayensis Freitas & Lent, 1939, Choledocystus elegans (Travassos, 1926), Gorgoderina parvicava Travassos, 1922, Haplometroides buccicola Odhner, 1911, Heterodiplostomum lanceolatum Dubois, 1936, Infidum similis Travassos, 1916, Mesocoelium monas (Rudolphi, 1819), Plagiorchis luehei (Travassos, 1927), Telorchis clava (Diesing, 1850) and Travtrema stenocotyle (Cohn, 1902). New host species and/or new locality records from Argentina are presented. © 2010 Check List and Authors.

Neoechinorhynchus (Hebesoma) colastinense sp. n. is described from the intestine of Pachyurus bonariensis a freshwater fish from Parana River basin. The new species is characterized by having a cylindrical trunk, elongated but swollen anteriorly; a spherical proboscis with a prominent apical organ; the anterior circle of hooks very large, alternating in 2 levels, separated from more posterior circles of hooks, but sometimes surpassing the hooks of the middle and posterior circles; a relatively long neck; the male reproductive system occupying 78-81% (79%) of the trunk length; the female reproductive system occupying 27-39% (32%) of the trunk length; and eggs elongated with polar prolongation of the fertilization membrane. Members of the species can be distinguished easily from the other species of South American Neoechinorhynchus Stiles & Hassall, 1905 because they are the only ones with characteristics of the subgenus Hebesoma. Additionally, two other species are recorded for the first time in Argentina: Neoechinorhynchus {Neoechinorhynchus) macro-nucleatus Machado Filho, 1954 from Lycengraulis grossidens and N. (N) pimelodi Brasil-Sato & Pavanelli, 1998 from several species of Pimelodus. The presence of an apical organ at the proboscis tip is recorded in the new species and N. (N.) macronucleatus. Studies using scanning electron microscopy revealed the presence of non-rimmed pores in the tegument throughout the trunk, neck and proboscis of all three species. A key to the South American species of Neoechinorhynchus is provided.

Lunaschi L.I.,Laboratorio Of Helmintologia | Drago F.B.,Laboratorio Of Helmintologia
Helminthologia | Year: 2010

Summary: Centrorhynchus guira n. sp. is described from the guira cuckoo, Guira guira (Gmelin) (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae), from Argentina. This new species is characterized by the proboscis armament with 32 longitudinal rows (29 with 18 hooks per row and 3 with 19 hooks per row) and by the following hook pattern per row: 8 - 9 true hooks, 4 transitional hooks with lateral alate processes, and 6 spiniform hooks. The presence of transitional hooks is shared with five other Neotropical species in the genus: C. polymorphus, C. albidus, C. microcephalus, C. kuntzi and C. crotophagicola. Among these species, C. guira n. sp. most closely resembles C. kuntzi in having transitional hooks with lateral alate processes, however differs in the number of hooks per row and spiniform hooks. This is the first record of the genus Centrorhynchus parasitizing Argentinean birds. A key to the species of the Neotropical Centrorhynchus Lühe 1911 is presented. © 2010 Parasitological Institute of SAS.

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