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Villa San Pietro, Italy

Marconi C.,University of Bologna | Brunamonti Binello P.,Struttura Complessa di Odontostomatologia | Badiali G.,University of Bologna | Caci E.,CNR Institute of Molecular Genetics | And 11 more authors.
European Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2012

Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by frequent bone fractures at a young age, bowing of tubular bones and cemento-osseus lesions of the jawbones. Anoctamin 5 (ANO5) belongs to the anoctamin protein family that includes calcium-activated chloride channels. However, recent data together with our own experiments reported here add weight to the hypothesis that ANO5 may not function as calcium-activated chloride channel. By sequencing the entire ANO5 gene coding region and untranslated regions in a large Italian GDD family, we found a novel missense mutation causing the p.Thr513Ile substitution. The mutation segregates with the disease in the family and has never been described in any database as a polymorphism. To date, only two mutations on the same cysteine residue at position 356 of ANO5 amino-acid sequence have been described in GDD families. As ANO5 has also been found to be mutated in two different forms of muscular dystrophy, the finding of this third mutation in GDD adds clues to the role of ANO5 in these disorders.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 10 October 2012; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2012.224. Source

Villa-Morales J.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Lopez-Munoz E.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Juarez-Melchor D.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Garcia-Hernandez N.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | And 4 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015

Neurofibromatosis type I is an autosomal dominant disease with complete penetrance and variable age-dependent expressivity. It is caused by heterozygous mutations in neurofibromin 1 (NF1). These occur throughout the length of the gene, with no apparent hotspots. Even though some mutations have been found repeatedly, most have been observed only once. This, along with the variable expressivity, has made it difficult to establish genotype-phenotype correlations. Here, we report the clinical and molecular characteristics of four pediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type I. Patients were clinically examined and DNA was extracted from peripheral blood. The whole coding sequence of NF1, plus flanking intronic regions, was examined by Sanger sequencing, and four frameshift mutations were identified. The mutation c.3810_3820delCATGCAGACTC was observed in a familial case. This mutation occurred within a sequence comprising two 8-bp direct repeats (GCAGACTC) separated by a CAT trinucleotide, with the deletion leading to the loss of the trinucleotide and the 8-bp repeat following it. The deletion might have occurred due to misalignment of the direct repeats during cell division. In the mutation c.5194delG, the deleted G is nested between two separate mononucleotide tracts (AAAGTTT), which could have played a role in creating the deletion. The other two mutations reported here are c.4076_4077insG, and c.3193_3194insA. All four mutations create premature stop codons. In three mutations, the consequence is predicted to be loss of the GAP-related, Sec14 homology, and pleckstrin homology-like domains; while in the fourth, only the latter two domains would be lost. © FUNPEC-RP. Source

Toscano-Garibay J.D.,Laboratorio Of Medicina Regenerativa | Aquino-Jarquin G.,Laboratorio Of Genomica
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms | Year: 2014

Transcription regulation depends on interactions between repressor or activator proteins with promoter sequences, while post-transcriptional regulation typically relies on microRNA (miRNA) interaction with sequences in 5' and 3'-Untranslated regions (UTRs) of messenger RNA (mRNA). However, several pieces of evidence suggest that miRNA:Argonaute (AGO) complexes may also suppress transcription through RNA interference (RNAi) components and epigenetic mechanisms. However, recent observations suggest that miRNA-induced transcriptional silencing could be exerted by an unknown mechanism independent of chromatin modifiers. The RNA-DNA•DNA triplex structure has emerged as an important RNA tertiary motif in which successive non-canonical base pairs form between a DNA-DNA duplex and a third strand. Frequently, promoters have Purine (PU)-rich tracts, and some Triplex-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) targeting these regulatory regions have been shown to inhibit transcription selectively. Here, we summarize observations suggesting that miRNAs exert regulation over promoter regions through miRNA-DNA•DNA triplex structure formation stabilized by AGO proteins which represents a plausible model of RNA-mediated Transcriptional gene silencing (TGS). © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Sanna S.,CNR Institute of Neurogenetics and Neuropharmacology | Pitzalis M.,University of Sassari | Zoledziewska M.,University of Sassari | Zara I.,Research and Development in Sardinia CRS4 | And 41 more authors.
Nature Genetics | Year: 2010

A genome-wide association scan of 6.6 million genotyped or imputed variants in 882 Sardinian individuals with multiple sclerosis (cases) and 872 controls suggested association of CBLB gene variants with disease, which was confirmed in 1,775 cases and 2,005 controls (rs9657904, overall P = 1.60 × 10 -10, OR = 1.40). CBLB encodes a negative regulator of adaptive immune responses, and mice lacking the ortholog are prone to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, the animal model of multiple sclerosis. © 2010 Nature America, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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