Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal

Brasília, Brazil

Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal

Brasília, Brazil
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Gama R.N.C.S.,State University of Feira de Santana | Santos C.A.F.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Dias R.C.S.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

We analyzed the genetic variability of 40 watermelon accessions collected from 8 regions of Northeastern Brazil using microsatellite markers, in order to suggest strategies of conservation and utilization of genetic variability in this species. These accessions are not commercial cultivars. They were sampled in areas of traditional farmers that usually keep their own seeds for future plantings year after year. An UPGMA dendrogram was generated from a distance matrix of the Jaccard coefficient, based on 41 alleles of 13 microsatellite loci. Analysis of molecular variance was made by partitioning between and within geographical regions. The similarity coefficient between accessions ranged from 37 to 96%; the dendrogram gave a co-phenetic value of 0.80. The among population genetic variability was high (φST = 0.319). Specific clusters of accessions sampled in 3 regions of Maranhão were observed while the other 5 regions did not presented specific clusters by regions. We conclude that watermelon genetic variability is not uniformly dispersed in the regions analyzed, indicating that geographical barriers or edaphoclimatic conditions have limited open mating. We suggest sampling a greater number of populations, so regional species diversity will be better represented and preserved in the germplasm bank. © FUNPEC-RP.

Sujii P.S.,University of Campinas | Fernandes E.T.M.B.,Secretaria de Extensao Agroflorestal e Producao Familiar | Azevedo V.C.R.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Ciampi A.Y.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | And 2 more authors.
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

In the State of Acre, the Brazil nut tree, Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidaceae), is classified by the local population into two types according to morphological characteristics, including color and quality of wood, shape of the trunk and crown, and fruit production. We examined the reliability of this classification by comparing morphological and molecular data of four populations of Brazil nut trees from Vale do Rio Acre in the Brazilian Amazon. For the morphological analysis, we evaluated qualitative and quantitative information of the trees, fruits, and seeds. The molecular analysis was performed using RAPD and ISSR markers, with cluster analysis. Significant differences were found between the two types of Brazil nut trees for the characters diameter at breast height, fruit yield, fruit size, and number of seeds per fruit. Despite the significant correlation between the morphological characteristics and the popular classification, we observed all possible combinations of morphological characteristics in both types of Brazil nut trees. In some individuals, the classification did not correspond to any of the characteristics. The results obtained with molecular markers showed that the two locally classified types of Brazil nut trees did not differ genetically, indicating that there is no consistent separation between them. © FUNPEC-RP.

Sujii P.S.,University of Campinas | Martins K.,Federal University of São Carlos | Wadt L.H.O.,Embrapa Acre | Azevedo V.C.R.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Solferini V.N.,University of Campinas
Conservation Genetics | Year: 2015

Population genetic structure and genetic diversity levels are important issues to understand population dynamics and to guide forest management plans. The Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl.) is an endemic species, widely distributed through Amazonian upland forests and also an important species for the local extractive economy. Our aim was to analyze the genetic structure of Brazil nut trees at both fine and large scales throughout the Amazon Basin, contributing to the knowledge base on this species and to generate information to support plans for its conservation. We genotyped individuals from nine sites distributed in five regions of the Brazilian Amazon using 11 microsatellite loci. We found an excess of heterozygotes in most populations, with significant negative inbreeding coefficients (f) for five of them and the fine-scale structure, when present, was very small. These results, as a consequence of self-incompatibility, indicate that conservation plans for B. excelsa must include the maintenance of genetic diversity within populations to ensure viable amounts of seeds for both economic purposes and for the local persistence of the species. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Aksoy S.,Yale University | Almeida-Val V.M.F.,National Institute of Amazonian Research | Azevedo V.C.R.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Baucom R.,University of Cincinnati | And 62 more authors.
Molecular Ecology Resources | Year: 2013

This article documents the addition of 153 microsatellite marker loci to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Brassica oleracea, Brycon amazonicus, Dimorphandra wilsonii, Eupallasella percnurus, Helleborus foetidus, Ipomoea purpurea, Phrynops geoffroanus, Prochilodus argenteus, Pyura sp., Sylvia atricapilla, Teratosphaeria suttonii, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Trypanosoma brucei. These loci were cross-tested on the following species: Dimorphandra coccicinea, Dimorphandra cuprea, Dimorphandra gardneriana, Dimorphandra jorgei, Dimorphandra macrostachya, Dimorphandra mollis, Dimorphandra parviflora and Dimorphandra pennigera. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Grattapaglia D.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Grattapaglia D.,Catholic University of Brasília | do Amaral Diener P.S.,Catholic University of Brasília | do Amaral Diener P.S.,HEREDITAS Tecnologia em analise de DNA Ltda | dos Santos G.A.,Klabin S.A.
Tree Genetics and Genomes | Year: 2014

Mass controlled pollination (MCP), involving large-scale application of pollen on physically isolated female reproductive organs, has been a lower cost alternative to controlled pollination for the commercial production of genetically improved seeds. Nevertheless, rare are the studies that examined the efficacy of operational MCP and no such assessment has been done in loblolly pine to date. The success of MCP was assessed by a microsatellite-based investigation of the realized versus expected parentage of a set of 300 Pinus taeda offspring in 19 families generated in two subsequent rounds of MCP in 2005 and 2006 in a clonal seed orchard in Brazil. Multi-locus combined probability of parentage exclusion both theoretical and realized from actual testing was >99 % for single parent and parent pair testing when using nine or ten markers. Parentage assignments carried out under a maximum likelihood framework revealed a significantly higher success rate of MCP in 2006 (84 %) following technical improvements adopted to minimize pollen contamination and maximize male reproductive success, although significant variability in the correct maternity and full parentage was seen among individual families. The observed patterns of unexpected parentage indicated that this variability likely resulted from mislabeling of clonal ramets of the parents used in the crosses which impacted both maternity and paternity. Preventing pollen contamination will not be sufficient for successful MCP if inaccuracies exist in the identity of the clonal plants that ultimately provide pollen and female strobili, showing that DNA marker auditing and correction of identity of all ramets in a clonal seed orchard should be a standard practice in the operational implementation of MCP. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Correa L.C.,São Paulo State University | Santos C.A.F.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Vianello F.,University of Padua | Lima G.P.P.,São Paulo State University
Plant Genetic Resources: Characterisation and Utilisation | Year: 2011

Guava (Psidium guajava) and araçá (Psidium spp.) plants are important for the Brazilian economy, as their fruit is both accepted by the consumers, and makes a beneficial contribution to the human diet thanks to their content in vitamin C, carotenoids and phenolic compounds. Here, we report the content in the fruit of free ascorbic acid, lycopene, Î-carotene, flavonoids and phenolic compounds, and the total antioxidant activity present in a collection of guava and araçá accessions curated at the Embrapa Semiarido germplasm bank. Guava fruits with a red-coloured pulp flesh contained a significant amount of carotenoids, especially lycopene, and a high concentration of phenolic compounds. These compounds were largely responsible for the antioxidant activity of the araçá accessions. Among the guava accessions, phenolic compounds were also responsible for the antioxidant activity. High levels of free ascorbic acid were present in most accessions. In both guava and araçá, there is substantial potential to develop cultivars with a good level of consumer acceptability. © 2011 NIAB.

Sujii P.S.,University of Campinas | Inglis P.W.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Ciampi A.Y.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Solferini V.N.,University of Campinas | Azevedo V.C.R.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2013

Seven polymorphic microsatellite markers were developed and validated for Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil nut tree) population genetic studies. This species is a widespread monotypic Amazonian tree with high non-timber economic value. Unfortunately, Brazil nut production is currently less than 25% of historical production levels, because of extensive deforestation. All pairs of primers produced clearly interpretable and polymorphic bands. No linkage disequilibrium was observed in an analysis of 46 individuals from one population, three to seven alleles per locus were observed; the expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.378 to 0.978, with significant heterozygote excess for four loci. An analysis of individuals from two populations showed private alleles at all loci. These primer pairs will be useful for population studies, especially for comparing samples from different parts of the Amazon forest. © FUNPEC-RP.

Inglis P.W.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Ciampi A.Y.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal | Salomao A.N.,Laboratorio Of Sementes | Costa T.S.A.,Laboratorio Of Quimica Of Produtos Naturais | Azevedo V.C.R.,Laboratorio Of Genetica Vegetal
Genetics and Molecular Biology | Year: 2014

Seeds of a tropical tree species from Brazil, Astronium fraxinifolium, or zebrawood, were germinated, for the first time in microgravity, aboard the International Space Station for nine days. Following three days of subsequent growth under normal terrestrial gravitational conditions, greater root length and numbers of secondary roots was observed in the microgravity-treated seedlings compared to terrestrially germinated controls. Suppression subtractive hybridization of cDNA and EST analysis were used to detect differential gene expression in the microgravity-treated seedlings in comparison to those initially grown in normal gravity (forward subtraction). Despite their return to, and growth in normal gravity, the subtracted library derived from microgravity-treated seedlings was enriched in known microgravity stress-related ESTs, corresponding to large and small heat shock proteins, 14-3-3-like protein, polyubiquitin, and proteins involved in glutathione metabolism. In contrast, the reverse-subtracted library contained a comparatively greater variety of general metabolism-related ESTs, but was also enriched for peroxidase, possibly indicating the suppression of this protein in the microgravity-treated seedlings. Following continued growth for 30 days, higher concentrations of total chlorophyll were detected in the microgravity-exposed seedlings. © 2014, Sociedade Brasileira de Genética. Printed in Brazil.

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