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Conde-Sieira M.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Patino M.A.L.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Miguez J.M.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Soengas J.L.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal
Journal of Experimental Biology

To assess whether the glucosensing capacity in peripheral (liver and Brockmann bodies) and central (hypothalamus and hindbrain) locations of rainbow trout displays day-night variations in its response to changes in circulating glucose levels, we evaluated the response of parameters related to glucosensing [glucose, glycogen and glucose 6-phosphate levels, activities of glucokinase (GK), glycogen synthetase (GSase) and pyruvate kinase (PK), and mRNA abundance of GK, glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2), and KATP channel subunits Kir6.x-like and sulfonylurea receptor (SUR)-like] in fish subjected to hyperglycemic treatment under night or day conditions. No day-night significant variations were noticed in the glucosensing capacity of the hypothalamus, hindbrain and Brockmann bodies. In contrast, a clear differential response was noticed in the liver, where glucose levels, GK activity (and mRNA levels) and GSase activity displayed increased values during the day in hyperglycemic fish compared with controls, and lower (GK mRNA levels) or non-existent (glucose, GK and GSase activities, and Kir6.x-like mRNA levels) values during the night. A similar decrease in parameters related to glucosensing in the liver was observed when fish under day conditions were treated with melatonin, suggesting a modulatory role of melatonin in day-night changes of the glucosensing response in the same tissue. © 2012. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. Source

Aguilar A.J.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Conde-Sieira M.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Polakof S.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Miguez J.M.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal | Soengas J.L.,Laboratorio Of Fisioloxia Animal

The aim of the present study was to obtain evidence for the possible modulatory effect of leptin on glucosensing capacity in hypothalamus and hindbrain of rainbow trout. In a first experiment, trout were injected ICV with saline alone or containing increased doses of leptin (0.3-30 μg μl-1). Leptin induced in general in both hypothalamus and hindbrain dose-dependent changes in parameters related to glucosensing (increased glycogenic and glycolytic potentials together with increased GK activity, and increased mRNA levels of genes involved in glucosensing response) compatible with those occurring under hyperglycemic conditions, a situation that is known to produce anorexia. The anorectic action of leptin in our experimental conditions was observed in a second experiment. The specificity of leptin action was tested in a third experiment in which trout were injected ICV with saline, or leptin alone, or leptin plus agents known to inhibit leptin signaling pathways in mammals. The results obtained suggest that the central action of leptin on glucosensing system can be related to the JAK/STAT and IRS-PI(3)K pathways. Finally, we also provide evidence for a peripheral effect of central leptin treatment (increased liver glycogenolytic potential), which could be associated with increased sympathetic activity. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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