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Torremorell A.,National University of Luján | Torremorell A.,Laboratorio Of Ecologia Y Fotobiologia Acuatica | Gantes P.,National University of Luján
Wetlands Ecology and Management | Year: 2010

In floating soils, organic matter accumulation is the result of the imbalance between decomposition rate and macrophytes' production, and it can limit nutrient availability. In this study, we determined the percentage of litter that is added to the floating soil in one year and the nitrogen dynamics of Rhynchospora asperula (Nees) Steud (Cyperaceae), an abundant species in Esteros del Iberá, a South American wetland with extended areas of floating soils. According to the decomposition rate determined (k = 0. 0032 day-1), the annual percentage of mass lost was 69%. Conditions of the floating soil were simulated in a 146-day field experiment. The results show that the decomposition rate was higher when the litter was in water contact, and the mass loss in the field sampling at the beginning of the decomposition was similar to that of the treatments that simulated this condition. The nitrogen concentration in the aboveground biomass was almost constant, and the results indicate that there was translocation from the senescent leaves, but not a preferential nitrogen translocation from the rhizomes and roots. During summer the maximum biomass and the low nitrogen concentration in the floating soil coincide, but the nitrogen intake by the aboveground biomass was only 4% of the total nitrogen content of the floating soil. Nitrogen concentration in the litter increased and, though immobilization cannot be ruled out, there was net mineralization. The nitrogen mineralized in the first decomposition year was 30% of the nitrogen added to aboveground biomass during the study period. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Garcia P.E.,Laboratorio Of Fotobiologia Inibioma | Ferraro M.A.,Laboratorio Of Ecologia Y Fotobiologia Acuatica | Perez A.P.,Laboratorio Of Fotobiologia Inibioma | Zagarese H.E.,Laboratorio Of Ecologia Y Fotobiologia Acuatica | Dieguez M.C.,Laboratorio Of Fotobiologia Inibioma
Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences | Year: 2014

The bio-accumulation of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) is common in planktonic copepods that inhabit environments exposed to high levels of solar radiation. MAAs accumulation in copepods can be affected both by extrinsic (environmental) and intrinsic factors (local adaptation, genotype, etc.). Laboratory experiments were performed to study the bio-accumulation of MAAs in two geographically-isolated populations of Boeckella gracilipes from a mountain and a piedmont lake of North Patagonia. We performed two series of 10-day incubations of B. gracilipes from the different lakes applying two radiation conditions (PAR + UVR and darkness), at five different temperatures (5 to 20 °C) and providing a MAA-free flagellate as food. We assumed that differences in final MAAs concentrations between copepod populations should be exclusively due to environmental factors, and that any difference in the patterns of MAAs accumulation should exclusively arise from differences in MAAs concentration at the time of collection. MAAs concentration was three fold higher in B. gracilipes from Lake Verde than in copepods from the Lake Morenito. The MAAs suite was dominated (∼90%) by a combination of porphyra-334 and mycosporine-glycine in copepods from Lake Verde, and porphyra-334 and MAA-332 in those from Lake Morenito. Two exclusive MAA compounds were identified, mycosporine-glycine in copepods from Lake Verde and shinorine in the copepod population from Lake Morenito. Laboratory experiments showed that: (i) exposure to PAR + UVR stimulated the accumulation of MAAs in both copepod populations; (ii) temperature affected the response of MAAs and, remarkably, low temperatures stimulated MAAs accumulation even in dark incubations, (iii) the response to radiation and temperature in MAAs accumulation was more pronounced in the population with low initial MAAs than in the population with high initial MAAs concentrations. The differences in intrinsic factors between B. gracilipes populations, such as local adaptation to contrasting UV and temperature scenarios, among others, appear to play an important role in determining levels and patterns of MAAs accumulation in B. gracilipes. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.

Garraza G.G.,University of Buenos Aires | Mataloni G.,University of Buenos Aires | Mataloni G.,CONICET | Fermani P.,Laboratorio Of Ecologia Y Fotobiologia Acuatica | Vinocur A.,University of Buenos Aires
Polar Biology | Year: 2011

During summer 2005/2006, we characterized three sampling sites on mineral soils and four on ornithogenic soils from Cierva Point, Antarctic Peninsula, in terms of topographic and abiotic features (altitude, slope, magnetic direction, temperature, texture, pH, conductivity, organic matter, moisture and nutrient concentrations), and compared their microalgal communities through taxonomic composition, species richness, diversity, chlorophyll a content and their variation in time. Average values of pH, moisture, organic matter and nutrient concentrations were always significantly lower in mineral than in ornithogenic soils. Low N/P mass ratio showed potential N-limitation of biomass capacity in the former. On the other hand, the results suggested that physical stability is not as a key stress factor for mineral soil microalgae. Chlorophyll a concentration was not only higher in ornithogenic soils, but it also showed a wider range of values. As this parameter was positively correlated with temperature, pH, nutrients, organic matter and moisture, we cannot come to conclusions regarding the influence of each factor on algal growth. Communities of mineral soils were significantly more diverse than those of enriched ornithogenic soils due to higher species richness as well as higher equitability. Also, their structure was steadier over time, as shown by a cluster analysis based on relative frequency of algal taxa. Although Cyanobacteria and Bacillariophyceae dominated almost all samples, Chlorophyceae represented 34% of the 140 taxa recorded, and most of them observed only in cultures. The detection under controlled conditions of a high latent species richness in harsh mineral soil sites shows that the composition and equitability of these microalgal communities would be more prone to modification due to the manifold local consequences of climatic change than those of ornithogenic soils. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

Gerea M.,CONICET | Queimalinos C.,CONICET | Schiaffino M.R.,CONICET | Schiaffino M.R.,University of Buenos Aires | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Plankton Research | Year: 2013

We investigated the selective predation of mixotrophic and heterotrophic flagellates (MF and HF) on different heterotrophic prokaryote phylotypes (HPP; Bacteria + Archaea) living in natural assemblages from oligotrophic Antarctic lakes. In situ prey preference was analyzed for the first time on different mixotrophic taxa (Pseudopedinella sp., Ochromonas-like cells, Chrysophyceae >5 μm). The relative abundances of seven different HPP hybridized by CARD-FISH (catalyzed reporter deposition-fluorescent in situ hybridization) in natural community were compared with the proportions of hybridized cells inside digestive vacuoles. Our results showed some general trends to selectivity over some HPP. Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria were the most abundant groups, and strikingly, a negative selection trend was detected in most samples by all bacterivorous protists. In contrast, for Actinobacteria a positive selection trend was observed in most samples, whereas Bacteroidetes seemed to be randomly preyed upon. Interestingly, similar prey preferences were observed in all bacterivorous flagellates. Our results suggest that phylogenetic affiliation determines part of the process of prey selection by protists in these lakes. Nevertheless, other features, such as cell size, morphology and the presence of the S-layer, might also significantly contribute to prey selectivity on the HPP. © 2012 The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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