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San Sebastián de los Reyes, Spain

Bravo-San Pedro J.M.,University of Extremadura | Niso-Santano M.,University of Extremadura | Gomez-Sanchez R.,University of Extremadura | Pizarro-Estrella E.,University of Extremadura | And 8 more authors.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences | Year: 2013

Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are a major cause of familial Parkinsonism, and the G2019S mutation of LRRK2 is one of the most prevalent mutations. The deregulation of autophagic processes in nerve cells is thought to be a possible cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we observed that G2019S mutant fibroblasts exhibited higher autophagic activity levels than control fibroblasts. Elevated levels of autophagic activity can trigger cell death, and in our study, G2019S mutant cells exhibited increased apoptosis hallmarks compared to control cells. LRRK2 is able to induce the phosphorylation of MAPK/ERK kinases (MEK). The use of 1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1, 4-bis[2-aminophenylthio]butadiene (U0126), a highly selective inhibitor of MEK1/2, reduced the enhanced autophagy and sensibility observed in G2019S LRRK2 mutation cells. These data suggest that the G2019S mutation induces autophagy via MEK/ERK pathway and that the inhibition of this exacerbated autophagy reduces the sensitivity observed in G2019S mutant cells. © 2012 Springer Basel AG. Source


Bravo-San Pedro J.M.,University of Extremadura | Gomez-Sanchez R.,University of Extremadura | Niso-Santano M.,University of Extremadura | Pizarro-Estrella E.,University of Extremadura | And 8 more authors.
Autophagy | Year: 2012

The link between the deregulation of autophagy and cell death processes can be essential in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson disease (PD). However, the molecular mechanism of deregulation of this degradative process in PD patients is unknown. The leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene is related to PD and its implication in autophagy regulation has been described. Our recent work shows that the presence of the G2019S LRRK2 mutation, one of the most prevalent in LRRK2, is accompanied by a deregulation of autophagy basal levels dependent on the MAPK1/3 (ERK2/1) pathway. © 2012 Landes Bioscience. Source

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