Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas

Montevideo, Uruguay

Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas

Montevideo, Uruguay
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Ferrari V.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria | Disegna E.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria | Dellacassa E.,Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas | Coniberti A.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacion Agropecuaria
Scientia Horticulturae | Year: 2017

Leaf removal is beginning to receive consideration for many growers as an important cultural practice for bunch rots control. It is normally applied after veraison and almost only on red varieties because of the high sunburn susceptibility of white grapes varieties under Uruguayan climatic conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the time and intensity of leaves removal impact on bunch rots and grapes quality on Sauvignon blanc. In parallel, the effects of kaolin (Surround® WP) applications in reducing the negative impact of excessive exposure to high temperatures were evaluated. Different intensities and times of defoliation, in combination with kaolin applications, were evaluated over 2006/07, 2007/08 and 2008/09 seasons. All defoliation treatments and mainly those made after fruit set, significantly reduced the occurrence of bunch rots, having a critical impact on those metabolites responsible for the final taste of wines. Early defoliation was significantly more effective controlling Botrytis incidence and improving berry quality than later in the season. Leaf removal had a determining impact over fruit quality and primary and secondary metabolites contents. An increase in soluble solids and glycosides concentrations was observed, while IBMP grape content was reduced, thus affecting the flavor of Sauvignon blanc wines. Kaolin applications significantly reduced berries temperature, sunburn and other berry damages associated with clusters solar exposure. In sum, leaves removal and exogenous kaolin application in Sauvignon blanc showed great potential as Botrytis mitigation strategy because it positively impacts berry quality as a result of many molecular and biochemical changes in key secondary metabolic pathways. Simultaneously reducing berry sunburn. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.


Minteguiaga M.,Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas | Umpierrez N.,Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas | Farina L.,Laboratorio Of Biotecnologia Of Aromas | Falcao M.A.,Grande Rio University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2015

The Baccharis genus has more than 400 species of aromatic plants. However, only approximately 50 species have been studied in oil composition to date. From these studies, very few take into consideration differences between male and female plants, which is a significant and distinctive factor in Baccharis in the Asteraceae family. Baccharis articulata is a common shrub that grows wild in south Brazil, northern and central Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. It is considered to be a medicinal plant and is employed in traditional medicine. We report B. articulata male and female volatile composition obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction technique and analyzed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry. Also, an assessment of aromatic differences between volatile extracts was evaluated by gas chromatography with olfactometry. The results show a very similar chemical composition between male and female extracts, with a high proportion of terpene compounds of which β-pinene, limonene and germacrene D are the main components. Despite the chemical similarity, great differences in aromatic profile were found: male plant samples exhibited the strongest odorants in number and intensity of aromatic attributes. These differences explain field observations which indicate differences between male and female flower aroma, and might be of ecological significance in the attraction of pollinating insects. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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