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Cortes L.M.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas
Parasites & vectors | Year: 2011

Leishmania (Vianna) braziliensis, Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi are important parasites in the scenario of leishmaniasis in Brazil. During the life cycle of these parasites, the promastigote forms adhere to the midgut epithelial microvillii of phlebotomine insects to avoid being secreted along with digestive products. Lulo cells are a potential model that will help to understand the features of this adhesion phenomenon. Here, we analyze the interaction between Leishmania spp. promastigotes and Lulo cells in vitro, specifically focusing on adhesion events occurring between three Leishmania species and this cell line. Confluent monolayers of Lulo cells were incubated with promastigotes and adhesion was assessed using both light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that species from the subgenera Leishmania and Viannia have great potential to adhere to Lulo cells. The highest adherence rate was observed for L. (L.) chagasi after 24 h of incubation with Lulo cells (27.3 ± 1.8% of cells with adhered promastigotes), followed by L. (L.) amazonensis (16.0 ± 0.7%) and L. (V.) braziliensis (3.0 ± 0.7%), both after 48 h. In the ultrastructural analysis, promastigote adherence was also assessed by scanning electron microscopy, showing that, for parasites from both subgenera, adhesion occurs by both the body and the flagellum. The interaction of Lulo cells with Leishmania (L.) chagasi showed the participation of cytoplasmic projections from the former closely associating the parasites with the cells. We present evidence that Lulo cells can be useful in studies of insect-parasite interactions for Leishmania species. Source

de Lemos E.R.S.,Laboratorio Of Hantaviroses E Rickettsioses | Mares-Guia M.A.M.,Laboratorio Of Hantaviroses E Rickettsioses | de Almeida D.N.,Laboratorio Of Hantaviroses E Rickettsioses | da Silva R.G.,Laboratorio Of Hantaviroses E Rickettsioses | And 3 more authors.
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical | Year: 2010

A large number of travelers visit the African continent annually for studying, tourism or business reasons. The authors report a case of cervical adenomegaly, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly associated with a two-week history of fever and seropositivity for Bartonella sp in a 22-year-old female patient who returned from South Africa after field work with primates in a wild area. Source

Pereira F.M.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Santos-Mallet J.R.,Instituto Oswaldo Cruz IOC | Branquinha M.H.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | d'Avila-Levy C.M.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Santos A.L.S.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Microbes and Infection | Year: 2010

Monoxenous trypanosomatids usually have an invertebrate as the only host in their life cycles, however, they have been found repeatedly in plants and/or mammals. To succeed in colonizing a vertebrate host, the parasite must quickly adapt to drastic changes in the environment (e.g. temperature), which reflect the conditions found in the insect and mammalian hosts. Leishmanolysin is a metalloprotease ubiquitously distributed in trypanosomatids, playing a myriad of functions. In Herpetomonas samuelpessoai, an insect trypanosomatid, the leishmanolysin-like molecule was implicated in the nutrition and insect adhesion. Herein, we showed that leishmanolysin expression is equally expressed in H. samuelpessoai parasites submitted to insect (26 °C) and mammalian (37 °C) temperatures. Also, the parasites grown in both temperatures interacted at similar rates with macrophages. Finally, we showed that leishmanolysin is involved in crucial steps in the interaction of H. samuelpessoai cells with macrophages, since the treatment with either anti-leishmanolysin antibodies or metalloprotease inhibitor 1,10-phenanthroline significantly reduced the association index. Similarly, the treatment of the macrophages with purified leishmanolysin promoted a powerful reduction in the association index, suggesting the direct involvement of macrophage receptors. These results suggest that H. samuelpessoai leishmanolysin molecules are not modulated by temperature and are involved in the interaction with mammalian cells. © 2010 Institut Pasteur. Source

Pereira I.R.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Das Interacoes | Vilar-Pereira G.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Das Interacoes | Moreira O.C.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Ramos I.P.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 4 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2015

Chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCC), the main clinical sign of Chagas disease, is associated with systemic CD8+ T-cell abnormalities and CD8-enriched myocarditis occurring in an inflammatory milieu. Pentoxifylline (PTX), a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, has immunoregulatory and cardioprotective properties. Here, we tested PTX effects on CD8+ T-cell abnormalities and cardiac alterations using a model of experimental Chagas’ heart disease. C57BL/6 mice chronically infected by the Colombian Trypanosoma cruzi strain and presenting signs of CCC were treated with PTX. The downmodulation of T-cell receptors on CD8+ cells induced by T. cruzi infection was rescued by PTX therapy. Also, PTX reduced the frequency of CD8+ T-cells expressing activation and migration markers in the spleen and the activation of blood vessel endothelial cells and the intensity of inflammation in the heart tissue. Although preserved interferon-gamma production systemically and in the cardiac tissue, PTX therapy reduced the number of perforin+ cells invading this tissue. PTX did not alter parasite load, but hampered the progression of heart injury, improving connexin 43 expression and decreasing fibronectin overdeposition. Further, PTX reversed electrical abnormalities as bradycardia and prolonged PR, QTc and QRS intervals in chronically infected mice. Moreover, PTX therapy improved heart remodeling since reduced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and restored the decreased LV ejection fraction. PTX therapy ameliorates critical aspects of CCC and repositioned CD8+ T-cell response towards homeostasis, reinforcing that immunological abnormalities are crucially linked, as cause or effect, to CCC. Therefore, PTX emerges as a candidate to treat the non-beneficial immune deregulation associated with chronic Chagas' heart disease and to improve prognosis. © 2015 Pereira et al. Source

Souza-Silva F.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Pereira B.A.S.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Molecular E Doencas Endemicas | Finkelstein L.C.,Laboratorio Of Imunoparasitologia | Zucolotto V.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Recognition | Year: 2014

Peptides from the COOH-terminal extension of cysteine proteinase B from Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis (cyspep) can modulate immune responses in vertebrate hosts. With this hypothesis as base, we used the online analysis tool SYFPEITHI to predict seven epitopes from this region with potential to bind H2 proteins. We performed proliferation tests and quantified reactive T lymphocytes applying a cytometry analysis, using samples from draining lymph node of lesions from L. (L.) amazonensis-infected mice. To define reactivity of T cells, we used complexes of DimerX (H2 Db:Ig and H2 Ld:Ig) and the putative epitopes. Additionally, we applied surface plasmon resonance to verify real time interactions between the putative epitopes and DimerX proteins. Five peptides induced blastogenesis in BALB/c cells, while only two presented the same property in C57BL/6 mouse cells. In addition, our data indicate the existence of CD8+ T lymphocyte populations able to recognize each tested peptide in both murine strains. We observed an overlapping of results between the peptides that induced lymphocyte proliferation and those capable of binding to the DimerX in the surface plasmon resonance assays thus indicating that using these recombinant proteins in biosensing analyses is a promising tool to study real time molecular interactions in the context of major histocompatibility complex epitopes. The data gathered in this study reinforce the hypothesis that cyspep-derived peptides are important factors in the murine host infection by L. (L.) amazonensis. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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