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Tourinho A.L.,National Institute of Amazonian Research | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Man-Hung N.F.L.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia
Zootaxa | Year: 2010

Cryptocellus iaci sp. nov. is described from an adult female collected during a field campaign organized by the World Wildlife Fund to the median Negro River at the Jauaperí river, in the state of Roraima, northern Brazil. © 2010 Magnolia Press.


Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Saturnino R.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Ramirez M.J.,Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia | Brescovit A.D.,Instituto Butantan
Zootaxa | Year: 2012

The genus Strotarchus Simon, 1888 is characterised for 18 species occurring from United States to Brazil. Seven previously known species are redescribed: S. nebulosus Simon, 1888, the type species; S. praedator (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898); S. piscatorius (Hentz, 1847); S. violaceus F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1899; S. minor Banks, 1909; S. tropicus (Mello-Leitão, 1917) and S. planeticus Edwards, 1958. Eleven new species are described: S. monasticus n. sp., S. mazamitla n. sp., S. tamaulipas n. sp., S. tlaloc n. sp., S. jacala n. sp., S. bolero n. sp. and S. michoacan n. sp. from Mexico; S. silvae n. sp. and S. urarina n. sp. from Peru; S. beepbeep n. sp. from United States and S. gandu n. sp. from Brazil. The male of S. minor and the female of S. tropicus are described for the first time. Copyright © 2012 Magnolia Press.


Dias S.C.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Carvalho L.S.,Federal University of Piauí | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Brescovit A.D.,Instituto Butantan
Journal of Natural History | Year: 2010

We present a refinement in the establishment of guilds in Neotropical spiders based on information assessed by assigning different levels of taxa identification, which allowed better descriptions of spiders' ecological diversities. The analyzed data were compiled from three inventories carried out in the States of Amazonas, Piauí and Paraíba, Brazil, representing three Neotropical biomes, Amazonia, Cerrado and Atlantic Forest. The natural history data were summarized in three dendrograms and 11 guilds are proposed. Owing to the great diversity of lifestyles among species into Corinnidae, Ctenidae, Miturgidae, Salticidae, Sicariidae and Theraphosidae, these families were divided into subgroups for the first time. The identification to sub-family level solved most of the problems in the guild establishment for Theraphosidae, Dipluridae, Miturgidae and Sicariidae. Owing to poor taxonomic and ecological knowledge, Salticidae was divided based on collecting method and taxonomic information, whereas Corinnidae, Ctenidae, Lycosidae and Pisauridae required identification to genus for more refined breakdowns. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.


Brescovit A.D.,Laboratorio Especial Of Colecoes Zoologicas | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Santos A.J.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Ott R.,Museu de Ciencias Naturais | Rheims C.A.,Instituto Butantan
Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History | Year: 2012

The new endemic goblin spider genus Predatoroonops is erected for 17 new soft-bodied oonopid species from Brazil: Predatoroonops schwarzeneggeri, sp. nov., is the type species of the genus, P. poncho, sp. nov., P. billy, sp. nov., P. valverde, sp. nov., P. blain, sp. nov., P. maceliot, sp. nov., P. anna, sp. nov., P. rickhawkins, sp. nov., P. dutch, sp. nov., P. dillon, sp. nov., P. vallarta, sp. nov., P. phillips, sp. nov., P. yautja, sp. nov., P. peterharlli, sp. nov., P. mctiernani, sp. nov., P. chicano, sp. nov., and P. olddemon, sp. nov. Males of this new genus are easily diagnosed and separated from other Oonopinae genera by the extremely modified male chelicerae that frontally have median furrows and accentuated projections. The females can be recognized by the genitalia, which have a conspicuous posterior receptaculum, usually exposed between the epigastric folds. An auxiliary character for both sexes could be the presence of very long pairs of ventral spines with pronounced bases on the legs I and II tibiae and metatarsi. The genus is considered endemic and the species are recorded mainly from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. An identification key is provided for all Predatoroonops species known to date. © 2012 American Museum of Natural History.


Miglio L.T.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Perez-Miles F.,Seccion Entomologia
Iheringia - Serie Zoologia | Year: 2013

Munduruku gen. nov. is proposed for the type species Munduruku bicoloratum sp. nov., from Juruti and Santarém, Pará, Brazil. The main diagnostic character of Munduruku gen. nov. is the presence of a subapical, lanceolate keel on the male palpal bulb, which is unique among the basal taxa of Theraphosinae with type III-IV urticating setae. The female spermathecae consist of two spheroid receptacles with funnel-shaped necks, each of which bears a sclerotized area. In both sexes, the abdomen is remarkably patterned, an uncommon feature in adults of New World theraphosids. Both the bulbus lanceolate keel and the abdominal color pattern are hypothesized as synapomorphies of the genus.


Rodrigues B.V.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia
Zootaxa | Year: 2014

The species of the group rubripes, which harbors the type species of the genus Corinna C. L. Koch, 1842, are revised, including 20 Neotropical species. Three previously known species are re-diagnosed: Corinna rubripes C. L. Koch, 1842, Corinna nitens (Keyserling, 1891) and Corinna mourai Bonaldo, 2000. New records of Corinna nitens are provided, in-cluding the first ones from Peru and Bolivia. Seventeen new species, all from Brazil, were described: C. aechmea n. sp., C. balacobaco n. sp., C. caatinga n. sp., C. demersa n. sp., C. escalvada n. sp., C. hyalina n. sp., C. jecatatu n. sp., C. kuryi n. sp., C. loiolai n. sp., C. maracas n. sp., C. regii n. sp., C. telecoteco n. sp., C. tranquilla n. sp., C. vesperata n. sp., C. vilanovae n. sp., C. zecarioca n. sp. and C. ziriguidum n. sp. A key for all twenty species of the group is presented. © 2014 Magnolia Press.


Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Ruiz G.R.S.,Federal University of Pará | Brescovit A.D.,Instituto Butantan | Santos A.J.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Ott R.,Museu de Ciencias Naturais
Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History | Year: 2014

A new genus of goblin spiders, Simlops, is proposed for 15 species found in Brazilian and Colombian Amazonia and southern Caribbean (Venezuela and Guyana). The new genus belongs to the Scaphiella complex, a group of Neotropical genera that share a sexually dimorphic condition in which the abdominal dorsal scutum is present in males but absent in females. Simlops is hypothesized to be a monophyletic group united by a unique conformation of the male endites, which present three apical portions, a prolateral, curved process, with laminar apices, a retrolateral process and a median, more dorsal, unsclerotized portion. The species Triaeris bodanus Chickering, 1968, is transferred to Simlops and the female of this species is described for the first time. The remaining 14 species are newly described: S. bandeirante Ott, S. cristinae Santos, S. campinarana Brescovit, S. jamesbondi Bonaldo, S. juruti Bonaldo, S. machadoi Ott, S. miudo Ruiz, S. nadinae Ruiz, S. pennai Bonaldo (type species), S. platnicki Bonaldo, and S. similis Ott, all from Brazilian Amazonia; S. cachorro Ruiz from Colombian Amazonia; S. guatopo Brescovit from Venezuela; and S. guyanensis Santos from Guyana. Copyright © American Museum of Natural History 2014.


Saturnino R.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia
Zootaxa | Year: 2015

Elaver O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898 is characterized and redescribed, including 49 species occurring from the United States to Argentina. Thirty seven previously known species are redescribed: Elaver achuca (Roddy, 1966) revalidated, E. balboae (Chickering, 1937), E. barroana (Chickering, 1937), E. calcarata (Kraus, 1955), E. carlota (Bryant, 1940), E. chisosa (Roddy, 1966), E. crinophora (Franganillo, 1934), E. crocota (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896), E. albicans(Franganillo, 1930) name restored, E. depuncta O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898, E. elaver (Bryant, 1940), E. excepta (L. Koch, 1866), E. grandivulva (Mello-Leitão, 1930), E. hortoni (Chickering, 1937), E. implicata (Gertsch, 1941), E. juana(Bryant, 1940), E. kohlsi (Gertsch & Jellison, 1939), E. linguata (F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900), E. madera (Roddy, 1966), E. mirabilis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896) new. comb., E. mulaiki (Gertsch, 1935), E. multinotata (Chickering, 1937), E. orvillei (Chickering, 1937), E. placida O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898, E. portoricensis (Petrunkevitch, 1930), E. quadrata (Kraus, 1955), E. richardi (Gertsch, 1941), E. sericea O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898, E. sigillata (Petrunkevitch, 1925), E. simplex (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896), E. texana (Gertsch, 1933), E. tigrina O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898 namerestored, E. tricuspis (F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900), E. tristani (Banks, 1909), E. tumivulva (Banks, 1909), E. valvula(F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900) and E. wheeleri (Roewer, 1933). Ten new species are described: E. candelaria n. sp. and E. helenae n. sp. from Mexico; E. arawakan n. sp. from Haiti; E. lizae n. sp. from Costa Rica; E. darwichi n. sp. from Ecuador; E. juruti n. sp., E. tourinhoae n. sp. and E. vieirae n. sp. from Brazil; E. shinguito n. sp. from Peru and E. beni n. sp. from Bolivia. The female of E. hortoni is described for the first time. Lectotypes are designated for E. sigillata and its actual female is described for the first time. Four new synonyms are proposed: E. languida (Gertsch, 1941) is synonimized with E. multinotata; E. dorothea (Gertsch, 1935) with E. wheeleri; E. exempta (Gertsch & Davis, 1940) with E. placida and E. vulnerata (Kraus, 1955) with E. calcarata. The drawings in the original descriptions of E. kawitpaaia (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995) and E. turongdaliriana (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995) are sufficiently informative to exclude these species from Elaver but not to accurately establish its generic affiliation. Thus, until the types become available for examination, these species must remain as Clubionidae incertae sedis. Heterochemmis (F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900) is synonymized with Elaver and Heterochemmis mutatus Gertsch & Davis,1940 is recognized as a junior synonym of Elaver mirabilis n. comb., the type species of Heterochemmis. New records are presented for E. valvula, E. balboae, E. brevipes(Keyserling, 1891), E. grandivulva and E. lutescens (Schmidt, 1971). Two species described by Franganillo, E. tenera(Franganillo, 1935) and E. tenuis (Franganillo, 1935), are considered species inquirendae. © 2015 Magnolia Press.


Araujo C.S.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Candido D.M.,Instituto Butantan | de Araujo H.F.P.,Federal University of Paraiba | Dias S.C.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Vasconcellos A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Zoologia | Year: 2010

Seasonal variations in scorpion activity were investigated during a 24 month period in an area of Caatinga (dryland) vegetation in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. The total number of scorpions captured was correlated with climatic variables and prey abundance. Scorpions were captured monthly using pitfall traps; their potential prey was captured using malaise, beating trays and pitfalls. A total of 104 scorpions were captured, representing four species: the bothriurids Bothriurus asper (Pocock, 1893) (n = 74; 71.2%) and B. rochai (Mello-Leitão, 1932) (n = 20; 19.2%), and the buthids Rhopalurus rochai (Borelli, 1910) (n = 4; 3.8%) and Tityus stigmurus (Thorell, 1876) (n = 1; 1.0%). The sex ratios (male:female) of the two most abundant species were 14:1 for B. asper and 7:1 for B. rochai. The abundance of scorpions captured was significantly correlated with precipitation, real evapotranspiration, and abundance of invertebrates (mainly insects). Scorpion activities, especially those of B. asper and B. rochai, may be closely related to their reproductive cycles. Reproduction apparently reaches its maximum when there is an abundance of food, which in the Caatinga is strongly associated with rainfall patterns. © 2010 Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia.


Miglio L.T.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia | Lucas S.M.,Instituto Butantan | Bonaldo A.B.,Laboratorio Of Aracnologia
Zoologia | Year: 2012

The type species of the Neotropical Actinopus, A. tarsalis Perty, 1 833, is redescribed based on material from the type locality, the state of Piaui, Brazil. The species appears to be restricted to northeastern Brazil and is newly recorded from the state of Sergipe. An old record from the state of Rio Grande do Sul is rejected. Actinopus tarsalis differs from other species of the genus by details of the male copulatory bulb: tegular apophysis absent, robust embolar base, inserted basally at a right angle (90°); embolar apices apex flattened and expanded, arrow-shaped in dorsal view. © 2012 Sociedade Brasileira de Zoología. All rights reserved.

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