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Gonzalez-Molero I.,Servicio de Endocrinologia y Nutricion | Gonzalez-Molero I.,Research Center Biomedica En Red Of Diabetes fermedades Metabolicas Asociadas | Rojo G.,Servicio de Endocrinologia y Nutricion | Rojo G.,Research Center Biomedica En Red Of Diabetes fermedades Metabolicas Asociadas | And 9 more authors.
Medicina Clinica | Year: 2014

Background and objective Vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome are 2 very common health problems in the Spanish population. It has been suggested that patients with metabolic syndrome may be vitamin D deficient more often than subjects without it and that low vitamin D levels may predispose to metabolic syndrome development. However, the results of prospective and intervention studies have been different and such relationship remains unclear. We assessed the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the prevalence and incidence of metabolic syndrome. Patients and methods We undertook a population-based cohort study in Spain. At baseline (1996-1998), 1,226 subjects were evaluated. Follow-up visits were performed in 2002-2004 and 2005-2007.At baseline and follow-up, participants underwent an interview and a standardized clinical examination with an oral glucose tolerance test in those subjects without known diabetes. At the second visit, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and intact parathyroid hormone levels were measured. Results The prevalence of metabolic syndrome at the second and third visit was 29.4 and 42.5%, respectively. Mean levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were lower in subjects with metabolic syndrome: 21.7 (6.21) vs 23.35 (6.29) ng/ml, P <.001.The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D < 20 ng/ml) at the second evaluation was 34.7%, with significant differences between subjects with and without metabolic syndrome(34.6 vs 26.5%, P <.01). Men with vitamin D deficiency had more frequently hypertension and metabolic syndrome than men with normal levels. Women with vitamin D deficiency had more frequently hyperglycemia, hypertension, increased waist circumference and hypertriglyceridemia. In a prospective study, 25-hydroxyvitaminD values < 20 ng/ml were not significantly associated with an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome in the next 5 years (odds ratio 0,99, 95% confidence interval 0.57-1.7, P =.97) after adjusting by sex and age. Conclusions Vitamin D deficiency is associated with an increased prevalence but not with an increased incidence of metabolic syndrome. © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.

Martinez-Vizcaino V.,University of Castilla - La Mancha | Sanchez-Lopez M.,University of Castilla - La Mancha | Salcedo-Aguilar F.,University of Castilla - La Mancha | Notario-Pacheco B.,University of Castilla - La Mancha | And 5 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2012

Introduction and objectives: The MOVI physical activity program has been shown to reduce adiposity and to improve serum lipid profiles in schoolchildren. However, MOVI may have not achieved its maximum potential effectiveness, as increased physical activity on weekdays may have been offset by more sedentary behavior at weekends. We therefore developed the MOVI-2 program, which includes physical activity at weekends as well. This paper reports the rationale and methods of a trial to assess the effectiveness of MOVI-2 in preventing overweight and reducing cardiovascular risk in 1200 4th- and 5th-grade primary schoolchildren in Cuenca, Spain. Methods: Ten schools were randomly assigned to MOVI-2 and 10 schools to the control group. MOVI-2 consisted of recreational physical activity in after-school time, including two 90-min sessions on weekdays and one 150-min session on Saturdays, during each week of one academic year. The control group was expected to follow their usual patterns of physical activity. The primary end points, which were assessed at the start and the end of the MOVI-2 program, were weight and height, waist circumference, skinfold thickness, body fat percentage, blood pressure, lipid profile, and insulin resistance. Secondary end points were physical activity, fitness, health-related quality of life, sleep quality, academic performance, enjoyment with physical activity, and physical self-concept. Conclusions: This study will assess whether MOVI-2 overcomes some potential limitations of physical activity interventions in children. © 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Españ a, S.L. All rights reserved.

Fernandez G.,Laboratorio Of Analisis Clinicos | Sanchez A.,Seccio Citogenetica
Prenatal Diagnosis | Year: 2012

Objective: Nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) is defined by the excessive fluid accumulation in more than one foetal compartments and body cavities because of nonimmune reasons. It has been described that 14 lysosomal diseases may be causative of NIHF. The aim of this study was to design a fast protocol to investigate the most frequent lysosomal diseases that are reported that may cause NIHF. Method: We analysed the glycosaminoglycans excretion in the amniotic fluid supernatant and four different lysosomal enzymatic activities in the amniotic cultured cells of the different NIHF amniotic fluids we received. Results: We investigated 30 NIHF cases, using this fast protocol. We detected two cases of NIHF because of lysosomal diseases, which represent 6.6%. We diagnosed one case of mucopolysaccharidosis type VII and one case of Gaucher disease. Conclusion: The fast protocol we designed analyses seven of the most frequent lysosomal pathologies that have been described that may cause NIHF, with only five different determinations, which make the analysis of NIHF fast, cost-effective and without need of too much amniotic fluid. We believe this protocol may be useful for the analysis of lysosomal diseases in NIHF. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Background: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged worldwide as a cause of infections among patients without risk factors. This CA-MRSA is different from nosocomial strains in terms of epidemiology, microbiology and clinical manifestations. We report the epidemiologic characteristics and resistance to antimicrobial agents of CA-MRSA strains isolated in the last three years in the Microbiology Lab of Hospital General La Mancha-Centro (Alcázar de San Juan, Ciudad Real). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of microbiological cultures in patients with S. aureus diagnosed from 2007 to 2009 in La Mancha-Centro Health-Care Area, within Castilla-La Mancha Community. Results: The distribution of CA-MRSA in the studied period was 26 out of a total of 97 S. aureus isolates in 2007 (26.8%), 40/113 in 2008 (35.4%) and 57/157 in 2009 (36.3%). The percentage from purulent skin and soft tissue infections was 63.4%. All strains were susceptible to linezolid, quinupristin/ dalfopristin, and glycopeptides. The resistance was high to fluoroquinolones (94.3%), erythromycin (87.0%), tobramycin (82.9%), and clindamycin (65.3%). Conclusions: CA-MRSA isolates percentage increased along the period of the study. The majority were obtained from skin and soft tissue specimens. The most commonly associated antimicrobial resistance was to fluoroquinolones, erythromycin, tobramycin and clindamycin. An understanding of the CAMRSA epidemiology is important to prevent these organisms from becoming endemic in the world.

Artieda J.,Subdireccion de Salud Publica de Gipuzkoa | Manterola J.M.,Laboratorio Of Analisis Clinicos | Tolosa E.,Salud Publica de Comarca Bajo Deba | Moreno B.,Laboratorio Of Salud Publica Of Gipuzkoa | And 2 more authors.
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica | Year: 2015

In October 2012, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis caused by Shigella sonnei was detected in a nursery and primary school in the north of Spain affecting 112 people: 63.7% were pupils and teachers and 35.7% their co-habitants. The source was a sick child who had travelled to an endemic country, and the key trigger factor was inadequate hygiene in one of the toilets of the school. The enforcement of strict hygiene measures was essential for controlling the outbreak. © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U.

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