Laboratorio Nacional Of Genomica Para La Biodiversidad Langebio

Irapuato, Mexico

Laboratorio Nacional Of Genomica Para La Biodiversidad Langebio

Irapuato, Mexico
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Kazachkova N.,University of The Azores | Kazachkova N.,University of Porto | Raposo M.,University of The Azores | Raposo M.,University of Porto | And 5 more authors.
Cerebellum | Year: 2017

Autophagy is especially important in disorders where accumulation of the mutant protein is a hallmark, such as the Machado-Joseph disease/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (MJD/SCA3). We analyzed the promoter of the BECN1 gene, whose overexpression has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects in MJD, with the aim of finding variants that could be associated with expression levels of beclin-1 and could be tested as modifiers of onset and disease severity. A fragment encompassing the BECN1 promoter was sequenced in 95 MJD subjects and 120 controls. The impact of the variation detected on transcription factors (TFs) binding affinity was evaluated in silico and inferences concerning levels of expression were confirmed by fluorescence-based quantitative real-time PCR in a subset of 28 MJD subjects and 26 controls. Four previously described (rs60221525, rs116943570, rs34882610, and rs34037822) and one novel (c.-933delG) variants were identified. In silico analysis performed for the most frequent variants—rs60221525 C allele and rs116943570 T allele—predicted an impact of the presence of these alleles on TF binding affinity. BECN1 expression levels were in agreement with the in silico predictions, showing a tendency for decreased levels in samples with the rs60221525 C allele and for increased levels in samples with the rs116943570 T allele. MJD patients carrying the rs60221525 C allele presented a tendency for earlier estimated age at onset. Moreover, patients with the rs60221525 C allele presented a more severe clinical picture, compared to patients without this allele. The analysis of a larger number of patients from different cohorts, currently unavailable, would be required to confirm these results. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC


Alatorre-Cobos F.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Genomica Para La Biodiversidad Langebio | Cruz-Ramirez A.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Genomica Para La Biodiversidad Langebio | Hayden C.A.,Applied Biotechnology Institute, Inc. | Perez-Torres C.-A.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Genomica Para La Biodiversidad Langebio | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2012

In Arabidopsis thaliana, XIPOTL1 encodes a phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase with a central role in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis via the methylation pathway. To gain further insights into the mechanisms that regulate XIPOTL1 expression, the effect of upstream open reading frame 30 (uORF30) on the translation of the major ORF (mORF) in the presence or absence of endogenous choline (Cho) or phosphocholine (PCho) was analysed in Arabidopsis seedlings. Doseresponse assays with Cho or PCho revealed that both metabolites at physiological concentrations are able to induce the translational repression of a mORF located downstream of the intact uORF30, without significantly altering its mRNA levels. PCho profiles showed a correlation between increased endogenous PCho levels and translation efficiency of a uORF30-containing mORF, while no correlation was detectable with Cho levels. Enhanced expression of a uORF30-containing mORF and decreased PCho levels were observed in the xipotl1 mutant background relative to wild type, suggesting that PCho is the true mediator of uORF30-driven translational repression. In Arabidopsis, endogenous PCho content increases during plant development and affects root meristem size, cell division, and cell elongation. Because XIPOTL1 is preferentially expressed in Arabidopsis root tips, higher PCho levels are found in roots than shoots, and there is a higher sensitivity of this tissue to translational uORF30-mediated control, it is proposed that root tips are the main site for PCho biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. © [2012] The Author.

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