Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio

Campinas, Brazil

Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio

Campinas, Brazil
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Torquato R.J.S.,Federal University of São Paulo | Lu S.,Federal University of São Paulo | Martins N.H.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio | Tanaka A.S.,Federal University of São Paulo | Pereira P.J.B.,University of Porto
Acta Crystallographica Section:F Structural Biology Communications | Year: 2017

Blood-feeding exoparasites are rich sources of protease inhibitors, and the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which is a vector of Dengue virus, Yellow fever virus, Chikungunya virus and Zika virus, is no exception. AaTI is a single-domain, noncanonical Kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor from A. aegypti that recognizes both digestive trypsin-like serine proteinases and the central protease in blood clotting, thrombin, albeit with an affinity that is three orders of magnitude lower. Here, the 1.4 Å resolution crystal structure of AaTI is reported from extremely tightly packed crystals (∼22% solvent content), revealing the structural determinants for the observed inhibitory profile of this molecule.Its haematophagic habits and urban habitat make the mosquito Aedes aegypti an important vector of a number of human viruses. Here, the high-resolution crystal structure of AaTI, a noncanonical Kazal inhibitor from the saliva of A. aegypti, is presented, providing a molecular explanation for its inhibitory profile. © 2017 International Union of Crystallography.

Cintra A.C.O.,University of Sao Paulo | De Toni L.G.B.,University of Sao Paulo | Sartim M.A.,University of Sao Paulo | Franco J.J.,University of Sao Paulo | And 3 more authors.
Toxicon | Year: 2012

The structures and functional activities of metalloproteinases from snake venoms have been widely studied because of the importance of these molecules in envenomation. Batroxase, which is a metalloproteinase isolated from Bothrops atrox (Pará) snake venom, was obtained by gel filtration and anion exchange chromatography. The enzyme is a single protein chain composed of 202 amino acid residues with a molecular mass of 22.9kDa, as determined by mass spectrometry analysis, showing an isoelectric point of 7.5. The primary sequence analysis indicates that the proteinase contains a zinc ligand motif (HELGHNLGISH) and a sequence C 164I 165M 166 motif that is associated with a " Met-turn" structure. The protein lacks N-glycosylation sites and contains seven half cystine residues, six of which are conserved as pairs to form disulfide bridges. The three-dimensional structure of Batroxase was modeled based on the crystal structure of BmooMPα-I from Bothrops moojeni. The model revealed that the zinc binding site has a high structural similarity to the binding site of other metalloproteinases. Batroxase presented weak hemorrhagic activity, with a MHD of 10μg, and was able to hydrolyze extracellular matrix components, such as type IV collagen and fibronectin. The toxin cleaves both α and β-chains of the fibrinogen molecule, and it can be inhibited by EDTA, EGTA and β-mercaptoethanol. Batroxase was able to dissolve fibrin clots independently of plasminogen activation. These results demonstrate that Batroxase is a zinc-dependent hemorrhagic metalloproteinase with fibrin(ogen)olytic and thrombolytic activity. © 2012 .

Oh S.,Institute Pasteur Korea | Kim S.,Institute Pasteur Korea | Kong S.,Institute Pasteur Korea | Yang G.,Institute Pasteur Korea | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

A high-throughput (HTS) and high-content screening (HCS) campaign of a commercial library identified 2,3-dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]benzimidazole analogues as a novel class of anti-parasitic agents. A series of synthetic derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro anti-leishmanial and anti-trypanosomal activities against Leishmania donovani and Trypanosoma cruzi, which have been known as the causative parasites for visceral leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, respectively. In the case of Leishmania, the compounds were tested in both intracellular amastigote and extracellular promastigote assays. Compounds 4 and 24 showed promising anti-leishmanial activity against intracellular L. donovani (3.05 and 5.29 μM, respectively) and anti-trypanosomal activity against T. cruzi (1.10 and 2.10 μM, respectively) without serious cytotoxicity toward THP-1 and U2OS cell lines. © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Mondego J.M.C.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas | Vidal R.O.,University of Campinas | Vidal R.O.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio | Carazzolle M.F.,University of Campinas | And 8 more authors.
BMC Plant Biology | Year: 2011

Background: Coffee is one of the world's most important crops; it is consumed worldwide and plays a significant role in the economy of producing countries. Coffea arabica and C. canephora are responsible for 70 and 30% of commercial production, respectively. C. arabica is an allotetraploid from a recent hybridization of the diploid species, C. canephora and C. eugenioides. C. arabica has lower genetic diversity and results in a higher quality beverage than C. canephora. Research initiatives have been launched to produce genomic and transcriptomic data about Coffea spp. as a strategy to improve breeding efficiency.Results: Assembling the expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of C. arabica and C. canephora produced by the Brazilian Coffee Genome Project and the Nestlé-Cornell Consortium revealed 32,007 clusters of C. arabica and 16,665 clusters of C. canephora. We detected different GC3 profiles between these species that are related to their genome structure and mating system. BLAST analysis revealed similarities between coffee and grape (Vitis vinifera) genes. Using KA/KS analysis, we identified coffee genes under purifying and positive selection. Protein domain and gene ontology analyses suggested differences between Coffea spp. data, mainly in relation to complex sugar synthases and nucleotide binding proteins. OrthoMCL was used to identify specific and prevalent coffee protein families when compared to five other plant species. Among the interesting families annotated are new cystatins, glycine-rich proteins and RALF-like peptides. Hierarchical clustering was used to independently group C. arabica and C. canephora expression clusters according to expression data extracted from EST libraries, resulting in the identification of differentially expressed genes. Based on these results, we emphasize gene annotation and discuss plant defenses, abiotic stress and cup quality-related functional categories.Conclusion: We present the first comprehensive genome-wide transcript profile study of C. arabica and C. canephora, which can be freely assessed by the scientific community at Our data reveal the presence of species-specific/prevalent genes in coffee that may help to explain particular characteristics of these two crops. The identification of differentially expressed transcripts offers a starting point for the correlation between gene expression profiles and Coffea spp. developmental traits, providing valuable insights for coffee breeding and biotechnology, especially concerning sugar metabolism and stress tolerance. © 2011 Mondego et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Amorim M.,Camargo Cancer Center | Fernandes G.,Camargo Cancer Center | Oliveira P.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio | Martins-de-Souza D.,University of Sao Paulo | And 4 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2014

ERBB2/HER2 amplification activates signaling cascades that lead to a tumor cell phenotype. However, despite its remarkable importance in oncology, the consequences of HER2 amplification over the extracellular vesicles (EVs) content have not yet been investigated. Here, we isolated EVs secreted by HB4a, a mammary luminal epithelial cell line and C5.2, its HER2-overexpressing clone. We isolated two EV sets (20 and 100 K) by ultracentrifugation and used electron microscopy and nanoparticle tracking analysis for their morphological characterization. We employed GeLC-MS/MS combined with isotope-coded protein labeling to evaluate cell-derived proteins and LC-MS/MS label free spectral counting to quantify the EVs proteome. We found higher HER2 levels in both C5.2-derived EVs when compared with C5.2 cells, suggesting its preferential shuttling. Proteins capable of inducing malignant transformation are enriched in both C5.2 EV subsets, including two HER2-related proteins involved in cell motility and invasion, cofilin and CD44. MetaCore™ analysis indicated an enrichment of cell adhesion and cytoskeleton-remodeling pathways in C5.2 EVs, as well as proteins related to HER2 signaling, such as sphingosine-1-phosphate pathway. Together, our data indicate that in terms of protein content, distinct vesicle sets reinforce and complement each other. Our results also suggest that HER2-upregulated proteins from EVs may be relevant for cellular malignancy and can be potential biomarkers for HER2+ cancer patients. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Ching A.T.C.,Instituto Butantan | Ching A.T.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Paes Leme A.F.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio | Paes Leme A.F.,Instituto Butantan | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012

Rear-fanged and aglyphous snakes are usually considered not dangerous to humans because of their limited capacity of injecting venom. Therefore, only a few studies have been dedicated to characterizing the venom of the largest parcel of snake fauna. Here, we investigated the venom proteome of the rear-fanged snake Thamnodynastes strigatus, in combination with a transcriptomic evaluation of the venom gland. About 60% of all transcripts code for putative venom components. A striking finding is that the most abundant type of transcript (∼47%) and also the major protein type in the venom correspond to a new kind of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) that is unrelated to the classical snake venom metalloproteinases found in all snake families. These enzymes were recently suggested as possible venom components, and we show here that they are proteolytically active and probably recruited to venom from a MMP-9 ancestor. Other unusual proteins were suggested to be venom components: a protein related to lactadherin and an EGF repeat-containing transcript. Despite these unusual molecules, seven toxin classes commonly found in typical venomous snakes are also present in the venom. These results support the evidence that the arsenals of these snakes are very diverse and harbor new types of biologically important molecules. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Paes Leme A.F.,Instituto Butantan | Paes Leme A.F.,Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio | Sherman N.E.,University of Virginia | Smalley D.M.,University of Virginia | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012

Hemorrhage induced by snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs) is a complex phenomenon resulting in capillary disruption and blood extravasation. The mechanism of action of SVMPs has been investigated using various methodologies however the precise molecular events associated with microvessel disruption remains not fully understood. To gain insight into the hemorrhagic process, we analyzed the global effects of HF3, an extremely hemorrhagic SVMP from Bothrops jararaca, in the mouse skin and plasma. We report that in the HF3-treated skin there was evidence of degradation of extracellular matrix (collagens and proteoglycans), cytosolic, cytoskeleton, and plasma proteins. Furthermore, the data suggest that direct and indirect effects promoted by HF3 contributed to tissue injury as the activation of collagenases was detected in the HF3-treated skin. In the plasma analysis after depletion of the 20 most abundant proteins, fibronectin appeared as degraded by HF3. In contrast, some plasma proteinase inhibitors showed higher abundance compared to control skin and plasma. This is the first study to assess the complex in vivo effects of HF3 using high-throughput proteomic approaches, and the results underscore a scenario characterized by the interplay between the hydrolysis of intracellular, extracellular, and plasma proteins and the increase of plasma inhibitors in the hemorrhagic process. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

Tavares R.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancer Inca | de Miranda Scherer N.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancer Inca | Pauletti B.A.,Laboratorio Of Espectrometria Of Massas | Araujo E.,Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul | And 6 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2014

The mechanism of alternative splicing in the transcriptome may increase the proteome diversity in eukaryotes. In proteomics, several studies aim to use protein sequence repositories to annotate MS experiments or to detect differentially expressed proteins. However, the available protein sequence repositories are not designed to fully detect protein isoforms derived from mRNA splice variants. To foster knowledge for the field, here we introduce SpliceProt, a new protein sequence repository of transcriptome experimental data used to investigate for putative splice variants in human proteomes. Current version of SpliceProt contains 159 719 non-redundant putative polypeptide sequences. The assessment of the potential of SpliceProt in detecting new protein isoforms resulting from alternative splicing was performed by using publicly available proteomics data. We detected 173 peptides hypothetically derived from splice variants, which 54 of them are not present in UniprotKB/TrEMBL sequence repository. In comparison to other protein sequence repositories, SpliceProt contains a greater number of unique peptides and is able to detect more splice variants. Therefore, SpliceProt provides a solution for the annotation of proteomics experiments regarding splice isofoms. The repository files containing the translated sequences of the predicted splice variants and a visualization tool are freely available at © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

PubMed | Instituto Butantan, Federal University of São Paulo and Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Genome biology and evolution | Year: 2016

Only few studies on snake venoms were dedicated to deeply characterize the toxin secretion of animals from the Colubridae family, despite the fact that they represent the majority of snake diversity. As a consequence, some evolutionary trends observed in venom proteins that underpinned the evolutionary histories of snake toxins were based on data from a minor parcel of the clade. Here, we investigated the proteins of the totally unknown venom from Phalotris mertensi (Dipsadinae subfamily), in order to obtain a detailed profile of its toxins and to appreciate evolutionary tendencies occurring in colubrid venoms. By means of integrated omics and functional approaches, including RNAseq, Sanger sequencing, high-resolution proteomics, recombinant protein production, and enzymatic tests, we verified an active toxic secretion containing up to 21 types of proteins. A high content of Kunitz-type proteins and C-type lectins were observed, although several enzymatic components such as metalloproteinases and an L-amino acid oxidase were also present in the venom. Interestingly, an arguable venom component of other species was demonstrated as a true venom protein and named svLIPA (snake venom acid lipase). This finding indicates the importance of checking the actual protein occurrence across species before rejecting genes suggested to code for toxins, which are relevant for the discussion about the early evolution of reptile venoms. Moreover, trends in the evolution of some toxin classes, such as simplification of metalloproteinases and rearrangements of Kunitz and Wap domains, parallel similar phenomena observed in other venomous snake families and provide a broader picture of toxin evolution.

PubMed | Instituto Butantan and Laboratorio Nacional Of Biociencias Lnbio
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biochimica et biophysica acta | Year: 2016

Snake venoms contain serine proteinases that are functionally similar to thrombin and specifically cleave fibrinogen to convert it into fibrin or activate platelets to aggregation. PA-BJ is a serine proteinase from Bothrops jararaca venom that promotes platelet aggregation and this effect is mediated by the G-coupled protein receptors PAR1 and PAR4. In this study we describe an improved procedure to obtain PA-BJ from B. jararaca venom that uses less chromatographic steps, and, interestingly, results in the isolation of eight proteoforms showing slightly different pIs and molecular masses due to variations in their glycosylation levels. The identity of the isolated PA-BJ forms (1-8) was confirmed by mass spectrometry, and they showed similar platelet-activating activity on washed platelet suspensions. N- and O-deglycosylation of PA-BJ 1-8 under denaturing conditions generated variable electrophoretic profiles and showed that some forms were resistant to complete deglycosylation. Furthermore, N- and O-deglycosylation under non-denaturing conditions also showed different electrophoretic profiles between the PA-BJ forms and caused partial loss of their ability to cleave a recombinant exodomain of PAR1 receptor. In parallel, three cDNAs encoding PA-BJ-like enzymes were identified by pyrosequencing of a B. jararaca venom gland library constructed with RNA from a single specimen. Taken together, our results suggest that PA-BJ occurs in the B. jararaca venom in multiple proteoforms displaying similar properties upon platelets regardless of their variable isoelectric points, molecular masses, carbohydrate moieties and susceptibility to the activity of glycosidases, and highlight that variability of specific venom components contributes to venom proteome complexity.

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