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Teramo, Italy

Caprioli R.,Laboratorio Igiene | Garozzo P.,Laboratorio Igiene | Giansante C.,Laboratorio Igiene | Ferri N.,Laboratorio Igiene
Invertebrate Reproduction and Development | Year: 2014

Austropotamobius pallipes juveniles for restocking should originate from native breeders to preserve the genetic integrity of the populations. We compared the reproductive performance in captivity of A. pallipes populations of four drainage basins of the Abruzzi Region to assess their reproductive efficiency and improve their aquaculture. The broodstock were collected before the breeding season and reproduction took place in an experimental hatchery. The female carapace length ranged from 35.4 to 59.0 mm. Spawning occurred in 84% of females (range 69-93%) and the mean number of eggs per female was 89 (range 80-104). No significant differences were observed among the groups. Close to hatching, two groups maintained a high percentage of egg-bearing females (52%) and a high number of eggs, while the other groups lost most of their eggs. At the end of the cycle, the stage 2 juveniles obtained represented 19.5% of the initial egg number. The efficiency for stage 2 juvenile production ranged from 48.2 to 0.1%, and the mean number of stage 2 juveniles per female ranged from 42.2 to 1. These differences were not attributable to maternal size, but the characteristics of the brooks of origin might have influenced the reproductive performances of crayfish in the hatchery. © 2013 Taylor & Francis. Source

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