Bernard M.,Laboratories Departement |
Bernard M.,University Paris - Sud |
Akrout W.,Laboratories Departement |
Van Buu C.T.,Laboratories Departement |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Separation Science | Year: 2015
The counterfeiting of pharmaceuticals has been detected since about 1990 and has alarmingly continued to pick up steam. We have been recently involved in an evaluation program of some of the most commonly prescribed cardiovascular drugs in Africa, for analysing an important number of tablets or capsules obtained from different places in seven African countries. A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated to simultaneously control the identity and the quantity of acenocoumarol, amlodipine, atenolol, captopril, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide and simvastatin in tablets. Their separation was performed on a Kinetex® C18 (100 mm × 2.1 mm inside diameter, 2.6 μm) column using a gradient elution of 20 mM ammonium formate buffer and acetonitrile (90:10 10:90 v/v) at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The analytes were detected using electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry in both positive and negative modes with multiple reaction monitoring. Tandem mass spectrometry fragmentation patterns of captopril, furosemide and acenocoumarol, up to now not detailed in the literature, were also studied to assist in the selection of the most relevant transitions towards the objectives. The developed method was validated as per International Conference on Harmonisation guidelines with respect to specificity, linearity, trueness, precision, limits of detection and quantification. It has been successfully applied to the control of oral forms of seven cardiovascular drugs collected in African countries. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.