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Pinel N.,University of Nantes | Le Bastard C.,Laboratoire Regional des Ponts et Chaussees dAngers | Baltazart V.,British Petroleum | Bourlier C.,University of Nantes | Wang Y.,University of Nantes
IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation | Year: 2011

In civil engineering, conventional methods used to estimate the thickness of pavements assume flat interfaces. In contrast, this study uses a rigorous electromagnetic method called propagation-inside-layer-expansion (PILE) to simulate the radar backscattered signal at nadir from a rough pavement made up of two rough interfaces separating homogeneous media. The statistical distribution of the first two echoes is studied by comparison with the default flat case, together with their frequency behaviour. Within the scope of road pavement survey by ground penetrating radar, the scattering model is finally used to assess the performance of the estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques (ESPRIT) algorithm, one of the well-known high-resolution time-delay estimation techniques. © 2011 The Institution of Engineering and Technology. Source

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