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Mazet N.,CNRS PROMES | Luo L.,Locie Laboratoire Optimisation Of La Conception Et Ingenierie Of Lenvironnement | Stitou D.,CNRS PROMES | Berthiaud J.,CNRS PROMES
International Journal of Energy Research | Year: 2010

This paper deals with the challenging transportation of thermal energy over long distances (over 10 km). The innovative concept presented in this paper is based on the transportation of a reactive fluid coupled with two sorption systems involving this fluid in two endothermal and exothermal processes respectively on source site and user site. The transport of this fluid at ambient temperature minimizes the thermal losses and it is therefore relevant for long distances. Moreover, an original concept involving a cascade of two sorption cycles can allow a heat upgrading on the user site using a distant source. This paper focuses on the feasibility of such systems. The potentialities have been detailed according to the reactive pairs, such as the well-known hydrates and ammonia solid/gas reactants, and taking into account thermodynamic and technological constraints. The cold production and transport can be carried out by numerous ammonia-based pairs. Nevertheless, such reactive pairs can perform a heat upgrading, but only if an additional heat source is available on the user site. The transportation of the reactive fluid between source and user sites has been investigated and it is not a limiting point. As it is transported at ambient temperature, the thermal losses are very weak. On the other hand, the pressure losses can be overcome with either an acceptable energetic cost or by slightly changing the operating conditions. Compared to current district heating networks based on sensible heat transportation, such thermochemical systems involving the transportation of a reactive fluid seem more efficient when the user is located more than 10 km away from the source site. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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