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Desbans C.,KaLy Cell | Hilgendorf C.,UCB Pharma | Lutz M.,UCB Pharma | Lutz M.,Halmstad University | And 6 more authors.
Xenobiotica | Year: 2014

1.It has previously been demonstrated that metabolism of drugs via a single enzymatic pathway, particularly CYP3A4, is associated with increased risk for drug-drug interactions (DDI). Quantitative experimental systems as well as integrated prediction models to assess such risk during the preclinical phase are highly warranted. 2.The present study was designed to systematically investigate the performance of human cryopreserved hepatocytes in suspension to predict fraction metabolized via CYP3A (fmCYP3A) by assessing the ketoconazole sensitive intrinsic clearance (CLint) for five prototypical CYP3A substrates with varying degree of CYP3A dependent CLint in twelve individual hepatocyte batches. 3.We demonstrate that in contrast to well predicted mean hepatic metabolic clearance (CLH) and mean fmCYP3A data, the variability in CYP3A contribution for compounds having multiple metabolic pathways cannot be predicted from inhibition experiments using ketoconazole as inhibitor. Instead, data in the present paper indicate that the variability is larger after inhibition of CYP3A for compounds having multiple metabolic pathways. 4.It is therefore recommended to estimate the average CLint and fmCYP3A for a given test compound in a series (n=10) of individual human hepatocyte batches. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

Alexandre E.,KaLy Cell | Baze A.,KaLy Cell | Parmentier C.,KaLy Cell | Desbans C.,KaLy Cell | And 9 more authors.
Xenobiotica | Year: 2012

Rationale: The aim of the present study was to assess the stability of cryopreserved human hepatocytes over 5 years and to explore experimental condition-related variables such as seeding density, culture matrix and medium, start and duration of treatment that could potentially affect the quality of cultures and their response to cytochrome P450 (CYP) inducers. Results: 63/125 batches of cryopreserved human hepatocytes were plateable after thawing. Of those, 17 batches showed reproducible recovery, viability and plateability (less than 5% intra-batch variability) up to 5 years. When cultured in collagen home-coated 48-well plates at a seeding density allowing 70% confluence, cryopreserved human hepatocytes display activities equivalent to fresh counterparts. Their response to CYP inducers is maximal and equivalent to fresh counterpart for an incubation of 72 h starting at Day 2 or Day 3 after plating when cultured in modified Hepatocyte Maintenance Medium (HMM). The number of cryopreserved human hepatocytes can be further reduced by using a cocktail of CYP substrates for the assessment of their inducibility. Conclusions: Experimental condition-related variables, such as seeding density, culture matrix and medium, start and duration of treatment, affecting the response of plateable thawed cryopreserved human hepatocytes to cytochrome P450 inducers can be reduced by optimizing critical steps of the protocols. © 2012 Informa UK, Ltd.

Salamone S.,CNRS Structure and Reactivity of Complex Molecular Systems | Colin C.,University of Lorraine | Grillier-Vuissoz I.,University of Lorraine | Kuntz S.,University of Lorraine | And 6 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women. The development of resistances to therapeutic agents and the absence of targeted therapy for triple negative breast cancer motivate the search for alternative treatments. With this aim in mind, we synthesised new derivatives of troglitazone, a compound which was formerly used as an anti-diabetic agent and which exhibits anti-proliferative activity on various cancer cell lines. Among the compounds prepared, some displayed micromolar activity against hormone-dependent and hormone-independent breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the influence of the compounds on the viability of primary cultures of human hepatocytes was evaluated. This enabled us to obtain for the first time interesting structure-toxicity relationships in this family of compounds, resulting in 6b and 8b, which show good anti-proliferative activities and poor toxicity towards hepatocytes, compared to troglitazone. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PubMed | Laboratoire Of Toxicologie Cellulaire
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Toxicology letters | Year: 2011

Peroxisome proliferators have been extensively studied in rodents and are known to induce liver tumors, whereas the effects of these compounds are not very clearly identified in humans when they are widely exposed to herbicides, plasticizers, solvents or drugs such as the lipid-lowering fibrate bezafibrate (BEZA). We assessed the effect of BEZA on human hepatocyte proteome. Hepatocyte proteins, including those membrane-associated, were successfully extracted and separated using 2D-liquid chromatography (PF2D, Beckman coulter). Proteins that were regulated by 1.5 fold compared to controls were identified by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF, Bruker Daltonics) and SwissProt bank search. BEZA modified the expression of proteins involved in various metabolic pathways as well as in cell homeostasis. No marker of peroxisome proliferation was obtained but surprisingly the expression of proteins involved in liver carcinogenicity was modulated. The co-treatment of cultures with N-acetylcysteine modified the set of proteins regulated by BEZA, either by a potentiation or an inhibition of the effects. Our study points out that the hepatocellular redox environment has to be taken into account when using fibrates in therapeutics.

PubMed | Laboratoire Of Toxicologie Cellulaire
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA | Year: 2010

The aim of the current work was to harmonise protocols between three laboratories by performing independent isolations and cultures of human hepatocytes and to assess their responses to prototypical cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme inducers, beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), rifampicin (RIF) or phenobarbital (PB). The magnitudes of the induction responses were CYP and donor-dependent but there was a good reproducibility between laboratories. CYP1A2 activity was evident in all cultures treated with BNF but not RIF or PB. Likewise, CYP3A4/5 activity was induced to the same extent by RIF and PB, while BNF did not affect this CYP in any of the cultures tested. All three compounds caused a concentration-dependent increase in CYP2B6 in cultures from 2 of the 3 laboratories and the response to PB was at least twice that of the other two inducers. In conclusion, the harmonised protocols used to study the response of primary cultures of human hepatocytes to prototypical inducers are transferable, reproducible within a given laboratory and between laboratories. The results obtained will support setting up a definitive validation study of the harmonised protocols.

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