Saidj D.,Laboratoire Of Recherche Production Et Sante Animals |
Aliouat S.,Laboratoire Of Recherche Production Et Sante Animals |
Arabi F.,Laboratoire Of Recherche Production Et Sante Animals |
Kirouani S.,Laboratoire Of Recherche Production Et Sante Animals |
And 4 more authors.
Livestock Research for Rural Development | Year: 2013
Our study aimed to characterize the family farm rabbit in four regions of northern Algeria: Tizi Ouzou, Bouira, Setif and Bordj Bou Arreridj. A survey was conducted at 216 farms counting a total of 3762 rabbits with 955 breeding does. The results show that the average size of farms surveyed is 4-5 breeding does per farm. The herd is composed of rabbit variable phenotype by different colors of the fur. Farms followed by women predominate in the regions of Tizi Ouzou and Bouira where they represent 81.3% on average. Production is for rabbits or marketing (17.6% of farms) or consumption (29.2% of them) or to both (53.2% of farms). Depending on the season, the feed is composed of vegetable peelings and/or fruit, bread and plant debris (sound, hay, straw, grass, tree leaves). The results indicate that 52.3% of the farms studied the distribution of food occurs 2 times/day. The rabbit breeding ground is performed in 70.4% of all farms. In the remaining farms, rabbits are housed either in cages crafts (19% of farms) in drums and other means (in 10.6% of farms). Pregnancy diagnosis process is in most farms by abdominal palpation before or after 11 days post coitum. The pace of extensive breeding is practiced in 49.5% of the farms, except for the Setif region where intensive rhythm is the most common. Prolificacy is between 5 and 7 pups per litter in the majority of farms studied.