Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques

Villeneuve-la-Rivière, France

Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques

Villeneuve-la-Rivière, France

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Balti R.,University of Sfax | Nedjar-Arroume N.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Bougatef A.,University of Sfax | Guillochon D.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Nasri M.,University of Sfax
Food Research International | Year: 2010

The angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of protein hydrolysates prepared from muscle of cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) by treatment with various digestive proteases were investigated. The most active hydrolysate was obtained with the crude protease extract from the hepatopancreas of cuttlefish (64.47 ± 1.0% at 2 mg of dry weight/ml) with a degree of hydrolysis of 8%. By gel filtration on Sephadex G-25 and RP-HPLC on C18 column, three novel peptides with high ACE-inhibitory activity were purified and their molecular masses and amino acid sequences were determined. The three peptides Val-Tyr-Ala-Pro, Val-Ile-Ile-Phe and Met-Ala-Trp with IC50 values of 6.1, 8.7 and 16.32 μM, respectively, were novel ACE-inhibitory peptides. Lineweaver-Burk plots suggest that the three purified peptides act as non-competitive inhibitors against ACE. These results suggest that some peptides from cuttlefish could be a beneficial ingredient for nutraceuticals against hypertension. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Sila A.,University of Sfax | Sila A.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Nedjar-Arroume N.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Hedhili K.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | And 5 more authors.
LWT - Food Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Peptides obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of fish proteins exhibit not only nutritional but also biological properties of dietary uses, or even therapeutic potential. The objective of the present study was to isolate and characterize peptides from the protein hydrolysates of barbel muscle with antibacterial activity against Gram-positive (Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Micrococcus luteus and Bacillus cereus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter sp.) bacteria. Barbel muscle protein hydrolysates (BMPHs), obtained by treatment with Alcalase® (DH=6.6%), was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography on a Sephadex G-25 and purified by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The molecular masses and amino acid sequences of these peptides were determined using ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS, respectively. Eleven peptides in FII-1, FII-2, FII-3 and FII-4 sub-fractions separated by RP-HPLC were identified. The most active peptide fraction (FII-3) contained three peptides: Ala-Ala-Ala-Leu; Ala-Ala-Gly-Gly-Val and Ala-Ala-Val-Lys-Met.These peptides don't show hemolytic activity towards bovine erythrocytes. These results suggest that some peptides from barbel could be a beneficial ingredient for nutraceuticals. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Adje E.Y.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Balti R.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Balti R.,University of Sfax | Kouach M.,Laboratoire Dapplication Of Spectrometrie Of Masse | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules | Year: 2011

Under standard conditions, the peptides and specially the active peptides were obtained from either the denatured hemoglobin that all structures are completely modified or either the native hemoglobin where all structures are intact. In these conditions, antibacterial peptides were isolated from a very complex peptidic hydrolysate which contains more than one hundred peptides having various sizes and characteristics, involving a complex purification process. The new hydrolysis conditions were obtained by using 40% methanol, 30% ethanol, 20% propanol or 10% butanol. These conditions, where only the secondary structure of hemoglobin retains intact, were followed in order to enrich the hydrolyzed hemoglobin by active peptides or obtain new antibacterial peptides. In these controlled peptic hydrolysis of hemoglobin, a selective and restrictive hydrolysate contained only 29 peptides was obtained. 26 peptides have an antibacterial activity against Micrococcus luteus, Listeria innocua, and Escherichia coli with MIC from 187.1 to 1 μM. Among these peptides, 13 new antibacterial peptides are obtained only in these new hydrolysis conditions. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Adje E.Y.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Balti R.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Balti R.,University of Sfax | kouach M.,Laboratoire Dapplication Of Spectrometrie Of Masse | And 2 more authors.
European Food Research and Technology | Year: 2011

Protein hydrolysates are of a significant interest, due to their potential application as a source of bioactive peptides in nutraceutical and pharmaceutical domains. The present study was focused on bovine hemoglobin hydrolysate obtained with pig pepsin in the presence of 30% ethanol. This hydrolysate was fractioned by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) into 12 major fractions (F1-F12). All fractions were analyzed by ESI/MS and ESI/MS/MS, in order to characterize and identify the peptides in these fractions. This hydrolysis permitted to generate a new serial of bioactive peptides with both antimicrobial and ACE inhibitory activities. Identified peptides were TKAVEHLDDLPGALSELSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKLLSHSLL, LDDLPGALSELSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKLLSHSL, KLLSHSL, and LLSHSL corresponding respectively to the 67-106, 73-105, 99-105, and 100-105 fragments of the α chain of bovine hemoglobin. They were the first found from bovine hemoglobin. These purified peptides have an antibacterial activity against four bacteria strains: Kocuria luteus A270, Listeria innocua, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus with a MIC between 187.1 and 35.2 μM. On the other hand, these peptides displayed at the same time ACE inhibitory activity with an IC50 range from 42.55 to 1,095 μM. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


Sila A.,University of Sfax | Sila A.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Sayari N.,University of Sfax | Balti R.,Higher Institute of Applied Biology of Medenin | And 4 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

The composition, functional properties and in vitro antioxidative activity of the peptidic fraction of carotenoproteins from shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris) by-products generated by enzymatic treatment with Alcalase® was evaluated. The peptidic fraction of carotenoproteins (PFCP) contained 80.8 ± 0.21% protein, 2.74 ± 0.3% lipid, 14.4 ± 0.14% ash, 1.13 ± 0.08% chitin and 1.08 ± 0.02 μg total carotenoid/g of sample. The amino acid profile of PFCP showed a high percentage of essential amino acids, such as arginine, lysine, histidine and leucine. Therefore, PFCP had a high nutritional value and could be used as a supplement to poorly balanced dietary proteins. PFCP showed an excellent solubility and possessed interfacial properties, which were governed by their concentrations. The antioxidant activities of PFCP at different concentrations were evaluated using various in vitro antioxidant assays, including the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical method, reducing power, chelating effects assay and β-carotene bleaching. The antioxidant activity of PFCP, based on their protection of supercoiled DNA strand from scission by peroxyl and hydroxyl radicals into the nicked circular form was also investigated. Results from this study suggest that the peptidic fraction of carotenoproteins is a good source of natural antioxidants and peptides with interesting functionalities. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Balti R.,University of Sfax | Jridi M.,University of Sfax | Sila A.,University of Sfax | Souissi N.,University of Sfax | And 3 more authors.
Food Hydrocolloids | Year: 2011

The characteristics and functional properties of gelatin from skin cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) were investigated and compared to those of halal bovine gelatin (HBG). The gelatin extraction efficiency was improved by an acid-swelling process in the presence of smooth hound crude acid protease extract (SHCAP). The yields of gelatins from cuttlefish skin after 48. h with acid and with crude acid protease (15. units/g alkaline-treated skin) were 2.21% and 7.84%, respectively. The gelatin from skin cuttlefish had high protein (91.35%) but low fat (0.28%) contents. Compared to HBG, the cuttlefish-skin gelatin (CSG) has different amino acids composition than halal bovine gelatin. CSG contained slightly low hydroxyproline and proline (180‰) than HBG (219‰), whereas the content of serine was higher (49‰ versus 29‰). The gel strength of the gelatin gel from CSG (181. g) was lower than that of HBG (259. g) (p < 0.05) possibly due to lower hydroxyproline content. Cuttlefish-skin gelatin exhibited a similar emulsifying activity but greater emulsifying and foam stability than the halal bovine gelatin (p < 0.05). Foam formation ability, foam stability and water-holding capacity of CSG were slightly lower than those of the HBG, but fat-binding capacity was higher in the cuttlefish gelatin. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Balti R.,University of Sfax | Nedjar-Arroume N.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Adje E.Y.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Guillochon D.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Nasri M.,University of Sfax
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of protein hydrolysates prepared from cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) proteins by treatment with various bacterial proteases were investigated. The hydrolysate generated by the crude enzyme from Bacillus mojavensis A21 displayed the highest ACE inhibitory activity, and the higher inhibition activity (87.11 ± 0.92% at 2 mg/mL) was obtained with hydrolysis degree of 16%. This hydrolysate was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography on a Sephadex G-25 into eight major fractions (P1-P8). Fraction P6, which exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity, was then fractionated by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Eleven ACE inhibitory peptides were isolated, and their molecular masses and amino acids sequences were determined using ESI-MS and ESI-MS/ MS, respectively. The structures of the most potent peptides were identified as Ala-His-Ser-Tyr, Gly-Asp-Ala-Pro, Ala-Gly-Ser-Pro and Asp-Phe-Gly. The first peptide displayed the highest ACE inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 11.6 μM. The results of this study suggest that cuttlefish protein hydrolysates are a good source of ACE inhibitory peptides. © 2010 American Chemical Society.


Bougatef A.,University of Sfax | Nedjar-Arroume N.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Manni L.,University of Sfax | Ravallec R.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | And 3 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

In order to utilise sardinelle (Sardinella aurita) protein by-products, which is normally discarded as industrial waste in the process of fish manufacturing, heads and viscera proteins were hydrolysed by different proteases to obtain antioxidative peptides. All hydrolysates showed different degrees of hydrolysis and varying degrees of antioxidant activities. Hydrolysate generated with crude enzyme extract from sardine (Sardina pilchardus) displayed high antioxidant activity, and the higher DPPH radical-scavenging activity (87 ± 2.1% at 2 mg/ml) was obtained with a degree of hydrolysis of 6%. This hydrolysate was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography on a Sephadex G-25 into eight major fractions (P1-P8). Fraction P4, which exhibited the highest DPPH scavenging activity, was then fractionated by reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Seven antioxidant peptides were isolated. The molecular masses and amino acids sequences of the purified peptides were determined using ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS, respectively. Their structures were identified as Leu-His-Tyr, Leu-Ala-Arg-Leu, Gly-Gly-Glu, Gly-Ala-His, Gly-Ala-Trp-Ala, Pro-His-Tyr-Leu and Gly-Ala-Leu-Ala-Ala-His. The first peptide displayed the highest DPPH radical-scavenging activity (63 ± 1.57%; at 150 μg/ml) among these peptides. The results of this study suggest that sardinelle by-products protein hydrolysates are good source of natural antioxidants. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Nasri R.,University of Sfax | Amor I.B.,Sanguine | Bougatef A.,University of Sfax | Nedjar-Arroume N.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | And 4 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2012

The anticoagulant activities of protein hydrolysates prepared from goby muscle by treatment with various bacterial alkaline proteases were investigated. All proteases exhibited varying degrees of hydrolysis (DH) and all goby protein hydrolysates (GPHs) caused a significant prolongation of both the thrombin time (TT) and the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). The hydrolysate generated by the crude protease from Bacillus licheniformis NH1 displayed the highest anticoagulant activity, and the higher TT (about 32 s) at a concentration of 5 mg/mL was obtained with hydrolysate having a DH of 8.86%. This hydrolysate was then fractionated by size exclusion chromatography on a Sephadex G-25 column into five major fractions (F1-F5). Fraction F2, which exhibited the highest anticoagulant activity, was then fractionated by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The molecular masses and amino acid sequences of four peptides in peptide sub-fraction F2-6, which exhibited the highest anticoagulant activity, were determined using ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS, respectively. The structures of these peptides were identified as Leu-Cys-Arg, His-Cys-Phe, Cys-Leu-Cys-Arg and Leu-Cys-Arg-Arg. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Nasri R.,University of South Africa | Chataigne G.,Laboratoire Of Procedes Biologiques | Bougatef A.,University of South Africa | Chaabouni M.K.,University of South Africa | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2013

In recent years, food protein-derived bioactive peptides have received considerable attention because of their numerous health benefits. Amongst bioactive peptides, those with antihypertensive activity are receiving special attention due to their role in cardiovascular diseases.Goby protein hydrolysates (GPHs) prepared by treatment with five different crude bacterial proteases were found to exhibit varying degrees of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity. The hydrolysate generated by the crude protease from Bacillus mojavensis A21, which displayed the highest ACE inhibitory activity, was further fractionated by size exclusion chromatography on a Sephadex G-25 and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). The molecular masses and amino acid sequences of five peptides, in sub-fraction F5-2, which exhibited the highest ACE inhibitory activity, were determined using ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS, respectively. The structures of these peptides were identified as Ala-Arg-Ser, Val-Val-Ala-Pro-Phe-Ala-His-Gly-Thr, Arg-Ser-Thr-Ala, Phe-Tyr-Pro-Pro, Arg-Cys-Ser-Ala-Gly-Val. Further, the sequences of fifteen peptides in the F5-4 sub-fraction, which exhibited high activity, were determined. Therefore, GPHs have a potential as hypotensive nutraceutical ingredients. Biological significance: Peptides find many outlets of application in the biotechnological field, amongst which are pharmaceutical applications. Progression amongst new small molecules deposited like substance medicamentous blows itself. In this context, large pharmaceutical companies invest in peptide research to open therapeutic new prospects. Even if they are used as therapeutic agents for nearly one century in their natural form, the use of peptides remains parsimonious although we experienced a significant development since a few tens of years, in particular thanks to the clarification of the methods of production, chemical in solid or biological phase such as in phage display. Peptides present many advantages compared to traditional drugs that have small molecules,. Generation of bioactive peptides by proteolysis of food proteins, using exogenous proteases, is a new and interesting approach for the production and identification of new and potent specific hypotensive agents. From another side, compared with natural peptides isolated from different sources, there is more diversity in structure and mode of action of the derived bioactive peptides. In fact, proteolysis of protein substrates, having different amino acid composition and sequences, by proteases having different specificities may generate numerous specific peptide inhibitors, with different lengths and amino acid sequences. These bioactive peptides have received considerable attention for their effectiveness in both the prevention and the treatment of hypertension. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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