Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure

Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure

Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France
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Rossi R.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Rossi R.,University Paris Diderot
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2017

We present a simple trick that allows us to consider the sum of all connected Feynman diagrams at fixed position of interaction vertices for general fermionic models, such that the thermodynamic limit can be taken analytically. With our approach one can achieve superior performance compared to conventional diagrammatic Monte Carlo algorithm, while rendering the algorithmic part dramatically simpler. By considering the sum of all connected diagrams at once, we allow for massive cancellations between different diagrams, greatly reducing the sign problem. In the end, the computational effort increases only exponentially with the order of the expansion, which should be contrasted with the factorial growth of the standard diagrammatic technique. We illustrate the efficiency of the technique for the two-dimensional Fermi-Hubbard model. © 2017 American Physical Society.


Majumder M.,Monash University | Siria A.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Bocquet L.,Mohammed V University
MRS Bulletin | Year: 2017

Carbon materials exist in a large number of allotropic forms and exhibit a wide range of physical and chemical properties. From the perspective of fluidics, particularly within the confines of the nanoscale afforded by one-dimensional carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and two-dimensional graphene structures, many unique properties have been discovered. However, other questions, such as the link between electronic states and hydrodynamics and accurate model predictions of transport, remain unanswered. Theoretical studies, experiments in large-scale ensembles of CNTs and stacked graphene sheets, and precise measurements at the single-pore and single-molecule level have helped in our understanding. These activities have led to explosive growth in the field, now known as carbon nanofluidics. The ability to produce membranes and devices from fluid phases of graphene oxide, which retain these special properties in molecular-scale flow channels, promises realization of applications in the near term. © 2017 Materials Research Society.


Hekstra D.R.,Rockefeller University | Cocco S.,Institute for Advanced Study | Cocco S.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Monasson R.,Institute for Advanced Study | And 3 more authors.
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2013

The dynamical evolution of complex systems is often intrinsically stochastic and subject to external random forces. In order to study the resulting variability in dynamics, it is essential to make measurements on replicate systems and to separate arbitrary variation of the average dynamics of these replicates from fluctuations around the average dynamics. Here we do so for population time-series data from replicate ecosystems sharing a common average dynamics or common trend. We explain how model parameters, including the effective interactions between species and dynamical noise, can be estimated from the data and how replication reduces errors in these estimates. For this, it is essential that the model can fit a variety of average dynamics. We then show how one can judge the quality of a model, compare alternate models, and determine which combinations of parameters are poorly determined by the data. In addition we show how replicate population dynamics experiments could be designed to optimize the acquired information of interest about the systems. Our approach is illustrated on a set of time series gathered from replicate microbial closed ecosystems. © 2013 American Physical Society.


Shukla V.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Shukla V.,Indian Institute of Science | Brachet M.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Pandit R.,Indian Institute of Science | Pandit R.,Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics | Year: 2016

Particles of low velocity, traveling without dissipation in a superfluid, can interact and emit sound when they collide. We propose a minimal model in which the equations of motion of the particles, including a short-range repulsive force, are self-consistently coupled with the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. We show that this model generates naturally an effective superfluid-mediated attractive interaction between the particles; and we study numerically the collisional dynamics of particles as a function of their incident kinetic energy and the length scale of the repulsive force. We find a transition from almost elastic to completely inelastic (sticking) collisions as the parameters are tuned. We find that aggregation and clustering result from this sticking transition in multiparticle systems. © 2016 American Physical Society.


Nigues A.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Siria A.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Verlot P.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1
Nature Communications | Year: 2015

The ability to cool single ions, atomic ensembles, and more recently macroscopic degrees of freedom down to the quantum ground state has generated considerable progress and perspectives in fundamental and technological science. These major advances have been essentially obtained by coupling mechanical motion to a resonant electromagnetic degree of freedom in what is generally known as laser cooling. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the first self-induced coherent cooling mechanism that is not mediated by an electromagnetic resonance. Using a focused electron beam, we report a 50-fold reduction of the motional temperature of a nanowire. Our result primarily relies on the sub-nanometre confinement of the electron beam and generalizes to any delayed and spatially confined interaction, with important consequences for near-field microscopy and fundamental nanoscale dissipation mechanisms. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


PubMed | University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure
Type: | Journal: Nature communications | Year: 2015

The ability to cool single ions, atomic ensembles, and more recently macroscopic degrees of freedom down to the quantum ground state has generated considerable progress and perspectives in fundamental and technological science. These major advances have been essentially obtained by coupling mechanical motion to a resonant electromagnetic degree of freedom in what is generally known as laser cooling. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the first self-induced coherent cooling mechanism that is not mediated by an electromagnetic resonance. Using a focused electron beam, we report a 50-fold reduction of the motional temperature of a nanowire. Our result primarily relies on the sub-nanometre confinement of the electron beam and generalizes to any delayed and spatially confined interaction, with important consequences for near-field microscopy and fundamental nanoscale dissipation mechanisms.


Shukla V.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Shukla V.,Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon | Pandit R.,Indian Institute of Science | Pandit R.,Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics | Year: 2016

We examine the multiscaling behavior of the normal- and superfluid-velocity structure functions in three-dimensional superfluid turbulence by using a shell model for the three-dimensional (3D) Hall-Vinen-Bekharevich-Khalatnikov (HVBK) equations. Our 3D-HVBK shell model is based on the Gledzer-Okhitani-Yamada shell model. We examine the dependence of the multiscaling exponents on the normal-fluid fraction and the mutual-friction coefficients. Our extensive study of the 3D-HVBK shell model shows that the multiscaling behavior of the velocity structure functions in superfluid turbulence is more complicated than it is in fluid turbulence. © 2016 American Physical Society.


Ciarletta P.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Foret L.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure | Amar M.B.,Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure
Journal of the Royal Society Interface | Year: 2011

Cutaneous melanoma is disproportionately lethal despite its relatively low incidence and its potential for cure in the early stages. The aim of this study is to foster understanding of the role of microstructure on the occurrence of morphological changes in diseased skin during melanoma evolution. The authors propose a biomechanical analysis of its radial growth phase, investigating the role of intercellular/stromal connections on the initial stages of epidermis invasion. The radial growth phase of a primary melanoma is modelled within the multi-phase theory of mixtures, reproducing the mechanical behaviour of the skin layers and of the epidermal-dermal junction. The theoretical analysis takes into account those cellular processes that have been experimentally observed to disrupt homeostasis in normal epidermis. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the loss of adhesiveness of the melanoma cells both to the basal laminae, caused by deregulation mechanisms of adherent junctions, and to adjacent keratynocytes, consequent to a downregulation of E-cadherin, are the fundamental biomechanical features for promoting tumour initiation. Finally, the authors provide the mathematical proof of a long wavelength instability of the tumour front during the early stages of melanoma invasion. These results open the perspective to correlate the early morphology of a growing melanoma with the biomechanical characteristics of its micro-environment. © 2010 The Royal Society.


PubMed | Indian Institute of Science and Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Physical review. E | Year: 2016

We examine the multiscaling behavior of the normal- and superfluid-velocity structure functions in three-dimensional superfluid turbulence by using a shell model for the three-dimensional (3D) Hall-Vinen-Bekharevich-Khalatnikov (HVBK) equations. Our 3D-HVBK shell model is based on the Gledzer-Okhitani-Yamada shell model. We examine the dependence of the multiscaling exponents on the normal-fluid fraction and the mutual-friction coefficients. Our extensive study of the 3D-HVBK shell model shows that the multiscaling behavior of the velocity structure functions in superfluid turbulence is more complicated than it is in fluid turbulence.


PubMed | Laboratoire Of Physique Statistique Of Lecole Normale Superieure
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface | Year: 2011

Cutaneous melanoma is disproportionately lethal despite its relatively low incidence and its potential for cure in the early stages. The aim of this study is to foster understanding of the role of microstructure on the occurrence of morphological changes in diseased skin during melanoma evolution. The authors propose a biomechanical analysis of its radial growth phase, investigating the role of intercellular/stromal connections on the initial stages of epidermis invasion. The radial growth phase of a primary melanoma is modelled within the multi-phase theory of mixtures, reproducing the mechanical behaviour of the skin layers and of the epidermal-dermal junction. The theoretical analysis takes into account those cellular processes that have been experimentally observed to disrupt homeostasis in normal epidermis. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the loss of adhesiveness of the melanoma cells both to the basal laminae, caused by deregulation mechanisms of adherent junctions, and to adjacent keratynocytes, consequent to a downregulation of E-cadherin, are the fundamental biomechanical features for promoting tumour initiation. Finally, the authors provide the mathematical proof of a long wavelength instability of the tumour front during the early stages of melanoma invasion. These results open the perspective to correlate the early morphology of a growing melanoma with the biomechanical characteristics of its micro-environment.

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