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Mornagui B.,Laboratoire Of Physiologie Des Agressions | Rezg R.,Laboratoire Of Physiologie Des Agressions | Grissa A.,Laboratoire Of Physiologie Des Agressions | Duvareille M.,Laboratoire Of Physiologie Of Lenvironnement | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2010

Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived radical that functions as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and plays a physiological role in the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and vasopressinergic axis. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the interaction between the generation of NO and vasopressin (AVP) and corticosterone release after 3 days of water deprivation in rats. Animals were previously treated with intraperitoneal (i.p.) saline or l-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) injection. l-NAME is a nonspecific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases. In control rats given i.p. saline or l-NAME, hypothalamic, pituitary, and plasma AVP levels and plasma corticosterone did not change from baseline levels (p>0.05). Three days of water deprivation increased significantly the corticosterone levels in plasma (p<0.01) and AVP levels in hypothalamus and plasma (p<0.01), but not in pituitary, which showed a significant decrease. These variations were concomitant with the elevation of nitrates/nitrates in plasma. l-NAME injection abolished significantly (p<0.01) the elevation of plasma corticosterone and hypothalamic AVP levels induced by water deprivation. These findings showed that in water-deprived rats, nitric oxide synthase inhibition by l-NAME inhibits corticosterone and vasopressin release, suggesting a potent stimulatory role of NO. © 2010 University of Navarra.


PubMed | Laboratoire Of Physiologie Des Agressions
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of physiology and biochemistry | Year: 2010

Nitric oxide (NO) is a short-lived radical that functions as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and plays a physiological role in the regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and vasopressinergic axis. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the interaction between the generation of NO and vasopressin (AVP) and corticosterone release after 3 days of water deprivation in rats. Animals were previously treated with intraperitoneal (i.p.) saline or L-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) injection. L-NAME is a nonspecific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases. In control rats given i.p. saline or L-NAME, hypothalamic, pituitary, and plasma AVP levels and plasma corticosterone did not change from baseline levels (p>0.05). Three days of water deprivation increased significantly the corticosterone levels in plasma (p<0.01) and AVP levels in hypothalamus and plasma (p<0.01), but not in pituitary, which showed a significant decrease. These variations were concomitant with the elevation of nitrates/nitrates in plasma. L-NAME injection abolished significantly (p<0.01) the elevation of plasma corticosterone and hypothalamic AVP levels induced by water deprivation. These findings showed that in water-deprived rats, nitric oxide synthase inhibition by L-NAME inhibits corticosterone and vasopressin release, suggesting a potent stimulatory role of NO.


PubMed | Laboratoire Of Physiologie Des Agressions
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme | Year: 2011

This study was performed to investigate the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in corticosterone, endpoint product of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation, and metabolic responses to 3 days of food deprivation. To investigate this aim, we used a nonspecific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthases, N-nitro- L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). In food deprived group we have noted a significant increase in plasma corticosterone concentration accompanied by a significant depletion in hepatic glycogen content with concomitant increase in glycogen phosphorylase (GP) activity by 63.72%, key enzyme of glycogenolysis and decrease in hexokinase (HK) activity by 25.16%, leading to significant decrease in glucose concentration. However, L-NAME administration in food deprived rats decreased slightly corticosterone level and GP activity (16.39%) and increased HK activity (11.26%) as compared to food deprived group. Considering these results, we can deduce that in food deprivation nitric oxide is involved in the regulation of corticosterone release and in glucose metabolic responses via glycogenolysis activation by the stimulation of GP activity and the inhibition of HK activity. However, more studies are necessary to further clarify the mechanisms by which NO induces these responses.

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