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Murviel-lès-Montpellier, France

Chapiro E.,University Paris - Sud | Chapiro E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Leporrier N.,Caen University Hospital Center | Radford-Weiss I.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 21 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2010

Using array-based CGH, we identified 2p gain in 22/78 (28%) untreated Binet stages B/C CLL, which was the second most frequent copy number change after 13q deletion. It never occurred as a sole abnormality and was associated with other changes (6q deletion; 1p gain). The region of 2p gain frequently included two oncogenes, REL and MYCN. All patients with gain of REL were unmutated for IGHV (p = 0.03). Gain of MYCN was associated with increased mRNA expression (p = 0.005), suggesting a pathogenic role for MYCN. Gain of 2p appears to be a marker of progression and may contribute to the poor prognosis. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lesca G.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Moizard M.-P.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Hu H.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics | Haas S.A.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A | Year: 2013

FG syndrome, Lujan syndrome, and Ohdo syndrome, the Maat-Kievit-Brunner type, have been described as distinct syndromes with overlapping non-specific features and different missense mutations of the MED12 gene have been reported in all of them. We report a family including 10 males and 1 female affected with profound non-specific intellectual disability (ID) which was linked to a 30-cM region extending from Xp11.21 (ALAS2) to Xq22.3 (COL4A5). Parallel sequencing of all X-chromosome exons identified a frameshift mutation (c.5898dupC) of MED12. Mutated mRNA was not affected by non-sense mediated RNA decay and induced an additional abnormal isoform due to activation of cryptic splice-sites in exon 41. Dysmorphic features common to most affected males were long narrow face, high forehead, flat malar area, high nasal bridge, and short philtrum. Language was absent or very limited. Most patients had a friendly personality. Cognitive impairment, varying from borderline to profound ID was similarly observed in seven heterozygous females. There was no correlation between cognitive function and X-chromosome inactivation profiles in blood cells. The severe degree of ID in male patients, as well as variable cognitive impairment in heterozygous females suggests that the duplication observed in the present family may have a more severe effect on MED12 function than missense mutations. In a cognitively impaired male from this family, who also presented with tall stature and dysmorphism and did not have the MED12 mutation, a 600-kb duplication at 17p13.3 including the YWHAE gene, was found in a mosaic state. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Gruchy N.,Caen University Hospital Center | Vialard F.,Laboratoire dHistologie | Blondeel E.,Laboratoire dHistologie | Le Meur N.,Etablissement Francais du Sang Normandie | And 20 more authors.
Prenatal Diagnosis | Year: 2014

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to report pregnancy outcomes after prenatal diagnosis of Turner syndrome (TS) and to compare and assess termination of pregnancy rates during two periods. The intervals selected were before and after 1997 when multidisciplinary centers for prenatal diagnosis (MCPDs) were established in France. Methods: A database of 975 cases of TS diagnosed between 1980 and 2012 was created from 21 French cytogenetics laboratories. For each case, the karyotype indication, maternal age, year of prenatal testing, sampling procedure, karyotype, associated ultrasound findings, and outcomes were recorded. Results: Karyotypes were mainly performed because of abnormal sonographic findings (84%). Before 1997, there were no changes in the rate of termination (90%) of affected fetuses. After 1997, the rate fell to 80%. This decrease was mainly observed in cases of mosaicism, incidental diagnosis, and in later gestations. US abnormalities were more likely to be associated with a full 45,X karyotype. Conclusion: There was an evolution in the way genetic counseling was performed following prenatal diagnosis of Turner syndrome that coincided with the opening of MCPDs in France. This resulted in a decrease in the rate of termination of affected fetuses. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Tachon G.,CHRU Arnaud de Villeneuve | Tachon G.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Chromosomique | Lefort G.,Laboratoire Of Genetique Chromosomique | Puechberty J.,CHRU Arnaud de Villeneuve | And 10 more authors.
Human Reproduction | Year: 2014

We report a case of discordant phenotypic sex in monozygotic twins mosaic 47,XXY/46,XX: monozygotic heterokaryotypic twins. The twins presented with cognitive and comprehension delay, behavioural and language disorders, all symptoms frequently reported in Klinefelter syndrome. Molecular zygosity analysis with several markers confirmed that the twins are in effect monozygotic (MZ). Array comparative genomic hybridization found no evidence for the implication of copy number variation in the phenotypes. Ultrasound scans of the reproductive organs revealed no abnormalities. Endocrine tests showed a low testosterone level in Twin 1 (male phenotype) and a low gonadotrophin level in Twin 2 (female phenotype) which, combined with the results from ultrasound examination, provided useful information for potentially predicting the future fertility potential of the twins. Blood karyotypes revealed the presence of a normal 46,XX cell line and an aneuploïd 47,XXY cell line in both patients. Examination of the chromosome constitutions of various tissues such as blood, buccal smear and urinary sediment not surprisingly showed different proportions for the 46,XX and 47,XXY cell lines, which most likely explains the discordant phenotypic sex and mild Klinefelter features. The most plausible underlying biological mechanism is a post-zygotic loss of the Y chromosome in an initially 47,XXY zygote. This would result in an embryo with both 46,XX and 47,XXY cells lines which could subsequently divide into two monozygotic embryos through a twinning process. The two cell lines would then be distributed differently between tissues which could result in phenotypic discordances in the twins. These observations emphasize the importance of regular paediatric evaluations to determine the optimal timing for fertility preservation measures and to detect new Klinefelter features which could appear throughout childhood in the two subjects. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

Froyen G.,Catholic University of Leuven | Belet S.,Catholic University of Leuven | Martinez F.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Santos-Reboucas C.B.,State University of Rio de Janeiro | And 25 more authors.
American Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2012

We previously reported on nonrecurrent overlapping duplications at Xp11.22 in individuals with nonsyndromic intellectual disability (ID) harboring HSD17B10, HUWE1, and the microRNAs miR-98 and let-7f-2 in the smallest region of overlap. Here, we describe six additional individuals with nonsyndromic ID and overlapping microduplications that segregate in the families. High-resolution mapping of the 12 copy-number gains reduced the minimal duplicated region to the HUWE1 locus only. Consequently, increased mRNA levels were detected for HUWE1, but not HSD17B10. Marker and SNP analysis, together with identification of two de novo events, suggested a paternally derived intrachromosomal duplication event. In four independent families, we report on a polymorphic 70 kb recurrent copy-number gain, which harbors part of HUWE1 (exon 28 to 3′ untranslated region), including miR-98 and let-7f-2. Our findings thus demonstrate that HUWE1 is the only remaining dosage-sensitive gene associated with the ID phenotype. Junction and in silico analysis of breakpoint regions demonstrated simple microhomology-mediated rearrangements suggestive of replication-based duplication events. Intriguingly, in a single family, the duplication was generated through nonallelic homologous recombination (NAHR) with the use of HUWE1-flanking imperfect low-copy repeats, which drive this infrequent NAHR event. The recurrent partial HUWE1 copy-number gain was also generated through NAHR, but here, the homologous sequences used were identified as TcMAR-Tigger DNA elements, a template that has not yet been reported for NAHR. In summary, we showed that an increased dosage of HUWE1 causes nonsyndromic ID and demonstrated that the Xp11.22 region is prone to recombination- and replication-based rearrangements. © 2012 The American Society of Human Genetics.

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