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Chograni M.,Laboratoire Of Gene Tique Humaine | Rejeb I.,Laboratoire Of Gene Tique Humaine | Jemaa L.B.,Laboratoire Of Gene Tique Humaine | Jemaa L.B.,Charles Nicolle Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Human Genetics | Year: 2011

Nance-Horan Syndrome (NHS) or X-linked cataract-dental syndrome is a disease of unknown gene action mechanism, characterized by congenital cataract, dental anomalies, dysmorphic features and, in some cases, mental retardation. We performed linkage analysis in a Tunisian family with NHS in which affected males and obligate carrier female share a common haplotype in the Xp22.32-p11.21 region that contains the NHS gene. Direct sequencing of NHS coding exons and flanking intronic sequences allowed us to identify the first missense mutation (P551S) and a reported SNP-polymorphism (L1319F) in exon 6, a reported UTR-SNP (c.7422 CT) and a novel one (c.8239 TA) in exon 8. Both variations P551S and c.8239 TA segregate with NHS phenotype in this family. Although truncations, frame-shift and copy number variants have been reported in this gene, no missense mutations have been found to segregate previously. This is the first report of a missense NHS mutation causing NHS phenotype (including cardiac defects). We hypothesize also that the non-reported UTR-SNP of the exon 8 (3′-UTR) is specific to the Tunisian population. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.

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