Paillard C.,Estaing University Hospital Center |
Paillard C.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Halle P.,Estaing University Hospital Center |
Tchirkov A.,Clermont University |
And 15 more authors.
Journal of Immunological Methods | Year: 2012
New therapies for children with high risk neuroblastoma are needed, and haploidentical stem cell transplantation with NK post-graft injections is a potential option. To develop this strategy, we compared and correlated two methods of NK cytotoxicity assay. The aim of this work is to optimize in vitro NK cytotoxicity assays, investigate the effect of interleukin stimulation on NK cells and use of antiGD2 antibodies against tumor target cells and finally establish an in vitro model for haploidentical stem cell transplantation. Experimental design: We evaluated NK cell cytotoxicity in vitro against NB cell lines (IMR-32 and SK-NSH) in different culture conditions using a Europium BATDA fluorescence test, and correlated the results with quantification of TH, Phox2B, and DCX transcripts evaluated by RT-PCR. Results: Both IMR-32 and SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cell lines were sensitive to NK cells and particularly when NK cells were stimulated by interleukin IL-2 and IL-15 or when using anti-GD2 antibodies against tumor target cells. All these results were observed either with Europium fluorometry assay or with RT-PCR quantification. There is a clear correlation between the two methods, for the three transcripts at the ratio effector/target 50/1 (TH r=0.75, Phox2B r=0.79 and DCX r=0.8), for all the values whatever the cell line. Besides for all three transcripts, the correlations were significantly independent of the cell line and the ratio E/T (all p values non-significant) even if the best correlation was observed for the ratio 50/1. After prolonged incubation times of effector and target cells (24. h), which could be evaluated only by RT-PCR, all the transcripts clearly decreased, confirming the haploidentical effect of NK against the two neuroblastoma cell lines in our two in vitro haploidentical models but no advantage of mismatch. Conclusions: NK cytotoxicity against neuroblastoma cell lines can be evaluated by Europium assay and by RT-PCR with clear correlation for the three transcripts TH, Phox2B and DCX whatever the ratio E/T and cell line used. This new method of RT-PCR is simple and suitable for large-scale conditions like study of adherent tumor cells or prolonged incubations of target/effector cells which allowed us to observe haploidentical effect. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.