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Lallemand B.,Laboratoire Of Chimie Bioanalytique | Masi M.,University of Naples Federico II | Maddau L.,University of Sassari | De Lorenzi M.,Free University of Colombia | And 7 more authors.
Phytochemistry Letters | Year: 2012

Sphaeropsidins A (1), B (7) and C (10), three fungal phytotoxins, unrearranged pimarane diterpenes produced by Diplodia cupressi and 10 semisynthetic derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activities. Among these 13 compounds, sphaeropsidin A and two derivatives (2 and 6) thereof display 50% growth-inhibitory concentration in the low micromolar range for all cell lines analyzed. Structure activity relationship paralleled the phytopathogenic and antimicrobial ones except regarding the vinyl group at C-13 that does not seems to be required as it is for their antipathogenic activity. © 2012 Phytochemical Society of Europe.

Lamoral-Theys D.,Laboratoire Of Chimie Bioanalytique | Le Mercier M.,Institute Of Pharmacie | Le Calve B.,Institute Of Pharmacie | Rynkowski M.A.,Service de Neurochirurgie | And 8 more authors.
Neoplasia | Year: 2010

Gliomas account for more than 50% of all primary brain tumors. The worst prognosis is associated with gliomas of astrocytic origin, whereas gliomas with an oligodendroglial origin offer higher sensitivity to chemotherapy, especially when oligodendroglioma cells display 1p19q deletions. Temozolomide (TMZ) provides therapeutic benefits and is commonly used with radiotherapy in highly malignant astrocytic tumors, including glioblastomas. The actual benefits of TMZ during long-term treatment in oligodendroglioma patients have not yet been clearly defined. In this study, we have investigated the effects of such a long-term TMZ treatment in the unique Hs683 oligodendroglioma model. We have observed increased TMZ sensitivity of Hs683 orthotopic tumors that were previously treated in vitro with months of progressive exposure to increasing TMZ concentrations before being xenografted into the brains of immunocompromised mice. Whole-genome and proteomic analyses have revealed that this increased TMZ sensitivity of Hs683 oligodendroglioma cells previously treated for long periods with TMZ can be explained, at least partly, by a TMZ-induced p38-dependant dormancy state, which in turn resulted in changes in amino acid metabolism balance, in growth delay, and in a decrease in Hs683 oligodendroglioma cell-invasive properties. Thus, long-term TMZ treatment seems beneficial in this Hs683 oligodendroglioma model, which revealed itself unable to develop resistance against TMZ. Copyright © 2010 Neoplasia Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lallemand B.,Laboratoire Of Chimie Bioanalytique | Chaix F.,Laboratoire Of Chimie Organique | Bury M.,Laboratoire Of Toxicologie | Bruyere C.,Laboratoire Of Toxicologie | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

18-β-Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA; 1) and many of its derivatives are cytotoxic in cancer cells. The current study aims to characterize the anticancer effects of 17 novel 1 derivatives. On the basis of these studies, N-(2-{3-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ureido}ethyl)-glycyrrhetinamide (6b) appeared to be the most potent compound, with IC 50in vitro growth inhibitory concentrations in single-digit micromolarity in a panel of 8 cancer cell lines. Compound 6b is cytostatic and displays similar efficiency in apoptosis-sensitive versus apoptosis-resistant cancer cell lines through, at least partly, the inhibition of the activity of a cluster of a dozen kinases that are implicated in cancer cell proliferation and in the control of the actin cytoskeleton organization. Compound 6b also inhibits the activity of the 3 proteolytic units of the proteasome. Compound 6b thus represents an interesting hit from which future compounds could be derived to improve chemotherapeutic regimens that aim to combat cancers associated with poor prognoses. © 2011 American Chemical Society.

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