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Jacot W.,CRLC Val dAurelle Paul Lamarque | Lopez-Crapez E.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Specialisee Et Doncogenetique | Thezenas S.,CRLC Val dAurelle Paul Lamarque | Senal R.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Specialisee Et Doncogenetique | And 4 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research

Introduction: Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are characterised by lack of expression of hormone receptors and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2). As they frequently express epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs), anti-EGFR therapies are currently assessed for this breast cancer subtype as an alternative to treatments that target HER-2 or hormone receptors. Recently, EGFR-activating mutations have been reported in TNBC specimens in an East Asian population. Because variations in the frequency of EGFR-activating mutations in East Asians and other patients with lung cancer have been described, we evaluated the EGFR mutational profile in tumour samples from European patients with TNBC.Methods: We selected from a DNA tumour bank 229 DNA samples isolated from frozen, histologically proven and macrodissected invasive TNBC specimens from European patients. PCR and high-resolution melting (HRM) analyses were used to detect mutations in exons 19 and 21 of EGFR. The results were then confirmed by bidirectional sequencing of all samples.Results: HRM analysis allowed the detection of three EGFR exon 21 mutations, but no exon 19 mutations. There was 100% concordance between the HRM and sequencing results. The three patients with EGFR exon 21 abnormal HRM profiles harboured the rare R836R SNP, but no EGFR-activating mutation was identified.Conclusions: This study highlights variations in the prevalence of EGFR mutations in TNBC. These variations have crucial implications for the design of clinical trials involving anti-EGFR treatments in TNBC and for identifying the potential target population. © 2012 Jacot et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Mouliere F.,Institute Of Recherche En Cancerologie Of Montpellier | Mouliere F.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Mouliere F.,Montpellier University | Mouliere F.,Institute Regional du Cancer Montpellier | And 30 more authors.
Translational Oncology

We used a novel method based on allele-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Intplex) for the analysis of circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) to compare total ccfDNA and KRAS- or BRAF-mutated ccfDNA concentrations in blood samples from mice xenografted with the human SW620 colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line and from patients with CRC. Intplex enables single-copy detection of variant alleles down to a sensitivity of ≥0.005 mutant to wild-type ratio. The proportion of mutant allele corresponding to the percentage of tumor-derived ccfDNA was elevated in xenografted mice with KRAS homozygous mutation and varied highly from 0.13% to 68.7% in samples from mutationpositive CRC patients (n = 38). Mutant ccfDNA alleles were quantified in the plasma of every patient at stages II/III and IV with a mean of 8.4% (median, 8.4%) and 21.8% (median, 12.4%), respectively. Twelve of 38 (31.6%) and 5 of 38 (13.2%) samples showed a mutation load higher than 25%and 50%, respectively. This suggests that an important part of ccfDNA may originate from tumor cells. In addition, we observed that tumor-derived (mutant) ccfDNA was more fragmented than ccfDNA from normal tissues. This observation suggests that the form of tumor-derived and normal ccfDNA could differ. Our approach revealed that allelic dilution is much less pronounced than previously stated, considerably facilitating the noninvasive molecular analysis of tumors. © 2013 Neoplasia Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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