Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm

Algiers, Algeria

Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm

Algiers, Algeria

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Goudjal Y.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Toumatia O.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Sabaou N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Barakate M.,Cadi Ayyad University | And 2 more authors.
World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2013

Twenty-seven endophytic actinomycete strains were isolated from five spontaneous plants well adapted to the poor sandy soil and arid climatic conditions of the Algerian Sahara. Morphological and chemotaxonomical analysis indicated that twenty-two isolates belonged to the Streptomyces genus and the remaining five were non-Streptomyces. All endophytic strains were screened for their ability to produce indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in vitro on a chemically defined medium. Eighteen strains were able to produce IAA and the maximum production occurred with the Streptomyces sp. PT2 strain. The IAA produced was further extracted, partially purified and confirmed by thin layer chromatography (TLC) analysis. The 16S rDNA sequence analysis and phylogenetic studies indicated that strain PT2 was closely related to Streptomyces enissocaecilis NRRL B 16365T, Streptomyces rochei NBRC 12908T and Streptomyces plicatus NBRC 13071T, with 99.52 % similarity. The production of IAA was affected by cultural conditions such as temperature, pH, incubation period and l-tryptophan concentration. The highest level of IAA production (127 μg/ml) was obtained by cultivating the Streptomyces sp. PT2 strain in yeast extract-tryptone broth supplemented with 5 mg l-tryptophan/ml at pH 7 and incubated on a rotary shaker (200 rpm) at 30 °C for 5 days. Twenty-four-hour treatment of tomato cv. Marmande seeds with the supernatant culture of Streptomyces sp. PT2 that contained the crude IAA showed the maximum effect in promoting seed germination and root elongation. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Meklat A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Meklat A.,Blida University | Bouras N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Zitouni A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | And 7 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2013

A novel halophilic actinomycete strain, H23T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in Djamâa (Oued Righ region), El-Oued province, South Algeria. Strain H23T was identified as a member of the genus Actinopolyspora by a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain H23T had 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities ranging from 97.8 % (Actinopolyspora xinjiangensis TRM 40136T) to 94.8 % (Actinopolyspora mortivallis DSM 44261T). The strain grew optimally at pH 6.0-7.0, 28-32 C and in the presence of 15-25 % (w/v) NaCl. The substrate mycelium was well developed and fragmented with age. The aerial mycelium produced long, straight or flexuous spore chains with non-motile, smooth-surfaced and rod-shaped spores. Strain H23T had MK-10 (H 4) and MK-9 (H4) as the predominant menaquinones. The whole micro-organism hydrolysates mainly consisted of meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose and arabinose. The diagnostic phospholipid detected was phosphatidylcholine. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C 17:0 (37.4 %), iso-C17:0 (14.8 %), iso-C15:0 (14.2 %), and iso-C16:0 (13.9 %). The genotypic and phenotypic data show that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Actinopolyspora, for which the name Actinopolyspora righensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain H23T (=DSM 45501T = CCUG 63368T = MTCC 11562T). © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Meklat A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Meklat A.,Blida University | Bouras N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Zitouni A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | And 7 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2013

A novel halophilic actinomycete, strain H32T, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected in El-Oued province, south Algeria. The isolate was characterized by means of polyphasic taxonomy. Optimal growth was determined to occur at 28-32 C, pH 6.0-7.0 and in the presence of 15-25 % (w/v) NaCl. The strain was observed to produce abundant aerial mycelium, which formed long chains of rod-shaped spores at maturity, and fragmented substrate mycelium. The cell wall was determined to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid and the characteristic whole-cell sugars were arabinose and galactose. The predominant menaquinones were found to be MK-10(H4) and MK-9(H4). The predominant cellular fatty acids were determined to be anteiso C17:0, iso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. The diagnostic phospholipid detected was phosphatidylcholine. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that this strain formed a distinct phyletic line within the radiation of the genus Actinopolyspora. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity indicated that strain H32T was most closely related to 'Actinopolyspora algeriensis' DSM 45476T (98.8 %) and Actinopolyspora halophila DSM 43834T (98.5 %). Furthermore, the result of DNA-DNA hybridization between strain H32T and the type strains 'A. Algeriensis' DSM 45476T, A. halophila DSM 43834T and Actinopolyspora mortivallis DSM 44261T demonstrated that this isolate represents a different genomic species in the genus Actinopolyspora. Moreover, the physiological and biochemical data allowed the differentiation of strain H32T from its closest phylogenetic neighbours. Therefore, it is proposed that strain H32T represents a novel species of the genus Actinopolyspora, for which the name Actinopolyspora saharensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H32T (=DSM 45459T=CCUG 62966T). © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Meklat A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Meklat A.,Blida University | Bouras N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Riba A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | And 7 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2014

A halophilic actinomycete strain, designated H27T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from a hypersaline habitat in Djelfa Province (North-Central Algeria), and then investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain was observed to produce poor aerial mycelium, which formed short chains of oval to cylindrical-shaped spores at maturity, and non fragmented substrate mycelium. The optimum NaCl concentration for growth was found to be 10-15 % (w/v) and the optimum growth temperature and pH were found to be 28-37 °C and 6-7, respectively. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was identified as meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones of strain H27T were identified as MK-11 (H4) and MK-10 (H6). The major fatty acids were found to be iso-C16:0, anteiso-C17:0, 10 methyl C17:0 and 10 methyl C16:0. The diagnostic phospholipids detected were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol. The chemotaxonomic properties of strain H27T are consistent with those shared by members of the genus Streptomonospora. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain H27 T is most closely related to Streptomonospora alba DSM 44588 T (98.8 %) and Streptomonospora flavalba DSM 45155T (98.7 %) whereas the DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain H27T and the two type strains were 17.1 and 57.9 %, respectively. Based on the combined genotypic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that strain H27T should be classified as representative of a novel species, for which the name Streptomonospora algeriensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H27 T (=DSM 45604T =CCUG 63369T =MTCC 11563 T). © 2014 Springer International Publishing.


PubMed | CNRS Chemical Engineering Laboratory, University of Ghardaia, Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm and Northumbria University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal de mycologie medicale | Year: 2016

A new strain of actinobacteria, designated ACD1, was isolated from a Saharan soil sample in the Hoggar region (Algeria). Morphological study led to this strain being classified as a member of the Actinomadura genus. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that the strain is closely related to Actinomadurasediminis DSM 45500(T) (98.5% sequence similarity). Furthermore, strain ACD1 presented a strong activity against mycotoxigenic and phytopathogenic fungi, including Aspergillus and Fusarium strains, and other pathogenic microorganisms. The kinetics of antimicrobial activity were investigated on ISP-2, Bennett and TSB media. Four solvents (n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol) were used for the extraction of the produced antibiotic. The highest antimicrobial activity was obtained using the butanolic extract from the ISP-2 medium after seven days of fermentation culture. The active antibiotic was purified by reverse-phase HPLC using a C18 column. The UV-visible and mass spectra were determined. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of this antibiotic were determined against pathogenic microorganisms.


PubMed | CNRS Chemical Engineering Laboratory, Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm and CNRS Coordination Chemistry
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal de mycologie medicale | Year: 2016

In a search for new antifungal antibiotics active against Candida albicans and others pathogenic fungi, a strain of actinobacteria, designated G61, was isolated from a Saharan soil and tested for its activity against these microorganisms. The analysis of its 16S rDNA sequence showed a similarity level of 100% with Streptomyces mutabilis NBRC 12800(T). The highest anticandidal activities produced by the strain G61 were obtained on Bennett medium in the fourth day of incubation. The active product, extracted by n-butanol, contained one bioactive spot detected on thin layer chromatography plates. It was purified by HPLC and its chemical structure was determined by spectroscopic analyses as 2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of this product against several strains of pathogenic microorganisms are interesting.


PubMed | CNRS Chemical Engineering Laboratory, Northumbria University, Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm and Leibniz Institute DSMZ German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | Year: 2016

During the course of a screening programme for new taxa of actinobacteria, a strain designated ACD1(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil in the Hoggar region (Algeria). The taxonomic position of this strain was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain was observed to form extensively branched, non-fragmenting substrate mycelium, and aerial mycelium with straight to flexuous, hooked and irregular spirals (1-2 turns) forming short chains of spores. The diamino acid present in the cell wall is meso-diaminopimelic acid. Galactose, glucose, madurose, mannose and ribose occur in whole-cell hydrolysates. The diagnostic phospholipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The major menaquinones were identified as MK-9 (H4) and MK-9 (H2). The major fatty acids were found to be C16:0, C18:1 cis9, iso-C16:0 and 10-methyl C18:0. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that the strain belongs to the genus Actinomadura, and is closely related to Actinomadura sediminis DSM 45500(T) (98.5% similarity) and Actinomadura cremea subsp. cremea DSM 43676(T) (98.3% similarity). However, DNA-DNA hybridization revealed only 48.0% relatedness with A. sediminis DSM 45500(T) and 33.2% relatedness with A. cremea subsp. cremea DSM 43676(T). The combined phenotypic and genotypic data showed that the strain represents a novel species of the genus Actinomadura, for which the name Actinomadura algeriensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain ACD1(T) (=DSM 46744(T)=CECT 8841(T)).


PubMed | CNRS Chemical Engineering Laboratory, Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm, CNRS Coordination Chemistry and Moulay Ismaï University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Letters in applied microbiology | Year: 2015

During screening for potentially antimicrobial actinobacteria, a highly antagonistic strain, designated WAB9, was isolated from a Saharan soil of Algeria. A polyphasic approach characterized the strain taxonomically as a member of the genus Streptomyces. The strain WAB9 exhibited a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity toward various multidrug-resistant micro-organisms. A PCR-based assay of genomic potential for producing bioactive metabolites revealed the presence of PKS-II gene. After 6 days of strain fermentation, one bioactive compound was extracted from the remaining aqueous phase and then purified by HPLC. The chemical structure of the compound was determined by spectroscopic (UV-visible, and (1)H and (13)C NMR) and spectrometric analysis. The compound was identified to be 2-amino-N-(2-amino-3-phenylpropanoyl)-N-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanamide, a novel hydroxamic acid-containing molecule. The pure molecule showed appreciable minimum inhibitory concentration values against a selection of drug-resistant bacteria, filamentous fungi and yeasts. Significance and impact of the study: This study presents the isolation of a Streptomyces strain, named WAB9, from a Saharan soil in Algeria. This strain was found to produce a new hydroxamic acid-containing molecule with interesting antimicrobial activities towards various multidrug-resistant micro-organisms. Although hydroxamic acid-containing molecules are known to exhibit low toxicities in general, only real evaluations of the toxicity levels could decide on the applications for which this new molecule is potentially most appropriate. Thus, this article provides a new framework of research.


Bouras N.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Meklat A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Zitouni A.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | Mathieu F.,Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm | And 4 more authors.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | Year: 2015

An alkalitolerant actinomycete strain, designated B32(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil sample collected from Adrar province (South of Algeria), and then investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain was observed to produce short chains of spores on the dichotomous branched aerial mycelium and formed a fragmented substrate mycelium. The optimum NaCl concentration for growth was found to be 0-5 % (w/v) and the optimum growth temperature and pH were found to be 25-35 °C and 7.0-10.0 °C, respectively. The diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was identified as meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinones of strain B32(T) were identified as MK-10 (H4) and MK-11 (H4). The major fatty acids were found to be iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C15:0. The diagnostic phospholipids detected were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The chemotaxonomic properties of strain B32(T) are consistent with those shared by members of the genus Nocardiopsis. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain B32(T) is most closely related to Nocardiopsis alba DSM 43377(T) (98.7 %), Nocardiopsis lucentensis DSM 44048(T) (98.6 %), Nocardiopsis aegyptia DSM 44442(T) (98.6 %), Nocardiopsis sinuspersici HM6(T) (98.6 %) and Nocardiopsis arvandica HM7(T) (98.5 %). However, the DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain B32(T) and the closely related type strains were 17.9, 14.6, 31.1, 27.1 and 14.1 %, respectively. Based on the combined genotypic and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that strain B32(T) should be classified as representative of a novel species, for which the name Nocardiopsis algeriensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B32(T) (=DSM 45462(T) = CECT 8712(T)).


PubMed | Leibniz Institute DSMZ German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Laboratoire Of Biologie Des Systemes Microbiens Lbsm and Northumbria University
Type: | Journal: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | Year: 2016

A filamentous actinobacterium, designated strain PM3

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