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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Tse C.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | Gauchez A.-S.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Jacot W.,Val dAurelle Paul Lamarque Cancer Center | Lamy P.-J.,Val dAurelle Paul Lamarque Cancer Center
Cancer Treatment Reviews | Year: 2012

The transmembrane protein HER2 is over-expressed in approximately 15% of invasive breast cancers as a result of HER2 gene amplification. HER2 proteolytic cleavage (HER2 shedding) generates soluble truncated HER2 molecules that include only the extracellular domain and the concentration of which can be measured in the serum fraction of blood. HER2 shedding also generates a constitutively active truncated intracellular receptor of 95kDa (p95 HER2). Another soluble truncated HER2 protein (Herstatin), which can also be found in serum, is the product of an alternatively spliced HER2 transcript. Recent preclinical findings may provide crucial insights into the biological and clinical relevance of increased sHER2 concentrations for the outcome of HER2-positive breast cancer and sensitivity to trastuzumab and lapatinib treatment. We present here the most recent findings about the role and biology of sHER2 based on data obtained using a standardized test, which has been cleared by FDA in 2000, for measuring sHER2. This test includes quality control assessments and has been already widely used to evaluate the clinical utility of sHER2 as a biomarker in breast cancer. We will describe in detail data concerning the assessment of sHER2 as a surrogate maker to optimize the evaluation of the HER2 status of a primary tumor and as a prognosis and predictive marker of response to therapies, both in early and metastatic breast cancer. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Jday-Daly I.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Generale | Augereau-Vacher C.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie | De Curraize C.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | Fonfrede M.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | And 3 more authors.
Annales de Biologie Clinique | Year: 2011

As part of a tender AP-HP Paris Hospitals, an assessment of the reliability record of five blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMSs) (Optium Xceed (Abbott), Contour TS (Bayer), One Touch Ultra (Lifescan), Stat Strip Xpress (Nova) and Accu Check (Roche) and an evaluation of their sensitivity to changes in hematocrit were conducted in 4 hospitals of Paris. In terms of inaccuracy, all BGMSs have submitted CV repetability under the limits of acceptability. One BGMS (Lifescan) presented a CV of reproducibility outside limit of acceptability (13.1%). The inaccuracy was measured by a comparison method on multiparameter analyser relative to the hexokinase method for two sites, the glucose oxidase for the two others. The coefficients of correlation varied from 0.8405 to 0.9303. However, according to both defined acceptability criteria (absolute value difference between the result acquired on analyzer and those determined with the BGMS), the percentage of results outside acceptability was above 20% for two BGMSs (Abbott and Lifescan). Similarly, a net effect of changes in hematocrit was observed on the results of those two BGMSs.BGMSNovawas the most reliable, because of the correction device for hematocrit and blank substractions owed to interferences. In terms of expertise, BGMSs Nova and Roche have been selected with the best analytical performance and practicability satisfactory. In the future, accreditation with standard NF/EN 22870 requested for point of care testing, will require a close collaboration between biologists and clinicians to establish a system of strict quality control to detect deviations of these BGMSs.


Degos B.,Hopital Pitie Salpetriere | Degos B.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | Laforet P.,Institute Of Myologie | Jardel C.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Recent experimental data underline the relationship between mitochondria and immune function. Clinical reports of patients presenting with mitochondrial dysfunction associated with dysimmune responses in the central nervous system reinforce this new concept. We describe the first case of a woman presenting with symptoms related to a novel compound heterozygous mutation of the mitochondrial polymerase γ (POLG) gene, associated with neurological events suggestive of a demyelinating process. Clinical examination revealed bilateral ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia and axonal sensitive polyneuropathy suggestive of a mitochondrial disease. In line with this, muscle biopsy showed ragged red fibers, and sequencing of POLG revealed two heterozygous mutations. In addition, the patient exhibited relapsing neurological symptoms, and cerebral and spinal MRI mimicking multiple sclerosis. This patient stresses the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation. Recent studies suggest that targeting mitochondrial dysfunction could provide benefits in treating some inflammatory diseases. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Wils J.,University of Rouen | Wils J.,Groupe de Veille Guidelines et EBLM de la Societe Francaise de Biologie Clinique | FonfrEde M.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | FonfrEde M.,Groupe de Veille Guidelines et EBLM de la Societe Francaise de Biologie Clinique | And 4 more authors.
Annales de Biologie Clinique | Year: 2014

Several tools are available to help evaluate the quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPG). The AGREE instrument (Appraisal of guidelines for research & evaluation) is the most consensual tool but it has been designed to assess CPG methodology only. The European federation of laboratory medicine (EFLM) recently designed a check-list dedicated to laboratory medicine which is supposed to be comprehensive and which therefore makes it possible to evaluate more thoroughly the quality of CPG in laboratory medicine. In the present work we test the comprehensiveness of this check-list on a sample of CPG written in French and published in Annales de biologie clinique (ABC). Thus we show that some work remains to be achieved before a truly comprehensive check-list is designed. We also show that there is some room for improvement for the CPG published in ABC, for example regarding the fact that some of these CPG do not provide any information about allowed durations of transport and of storage of biological samples before analysis, or about standards of minimal analytical performance, or about the sensitivities or the specificities of the recommended tests.


Wils J.,University of Rouen | Wils J.,Groupe de veille Guidelines et EBLM de la Societe francaise de biologie clinique SFBC | Fonfrede M.,Laboratoire Of Biochimie Metabolique | Fonfrede M.,Groupe de veille Guidelines et EBLM de la Societe francaise de biologie clinique SFBC | And 4 more authors.
Annales de biologie clinique | Year: 2014

Several tools are available to help evaluate the quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPG). The AGREE instrument (Appraisal of guidelines for research & evaluation) is the most consensual tool but it has been designed to assess CPG methodology only. The European federation of laboratory medicine (EFLM) recently designed a check-list dedicated to laboratory medicine which is supposed to be comprehensive and which therefore makes it possible to evaluate more thoroughly the quality of CPG in laboratory medicine. In the present work we test the comprehensiveness of this check-list on a sample of CPG written in French and published in Annales de biologie clinique (ABC). Thus we show that some work remains to be achieved before a truly comprehensive check-list is designed. We also show that there is some room for improvement for the CPG published in ABC, for example regarding the fact that some of these CPG do not provide any information about allowed durations of transport and of storage of biological samples before analysis, or about standards of minimal analytical performance, or about the sensitivities or the specificities of the recommended tests.

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