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Ahmadova A.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Ahmadova A.,Baku State University | Todorov S.D.,University of Sao Paulo | Hadji-Sfaxi I.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | And 9 more authors.
Anaerobe | Year: 2013

The aims of this study were to characterize inhibitory activity spectra, some probiotic properties and safety of Lactobacillus curvatus A61 for its future application in production of fermented foods. The studied strain was isolated from traditional homemade cheese manufactured in Azerbaijan. The cell-free supernatant of culture of Lb. curvatus A61 inhibited the growth of tested LAB, as well as of Listeria monocytogenes and Bacillus cereus strains. The strain presented antifungal activity and inhibited the growth of Cladosporium and Fusarium ssp. during co-cultivation on agar media. PCR amplification with specific primers revealed the presence of curvacin A encoding gene in Lb. curvatus A61. Bacteriocin produced by the studied strain was heat stable and active in a broad pH range, and in the presence of Triton X-20, Triton X-80, Triton X-100, β-mercaptoethanol, Na-EDTA, SDS and NaCl. The mode of action of bacteriocin against selected indicator strains was found to be bacteriostatic. Lb. curvatus A61 was resistant to physiological concentrations of bile salts and showed high auto-aggregation ability, as well as co-aggregation ability with pathogenic L. monocytogenes strains. It was sensitive to chloramphenicol, penicillin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and vancomycin, but resistant to ampicillin and gentamicin. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Messaoudi S.,University of Nantes | Messaoudi S.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Messaoudi S.,4 Laboratoire Of Biochimie Et Biologie Moleculaire | Kergourlay G.,University of Nantes | And 13 more authors.
Food Microbiology | Year: 2012

Strain SMXD51, isolated from chicken ceca and identified as Lactobacillus salivarius, produced a component that inhibits the growth of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and especially Campylobacter jejuni. The active peptide from the cell-free supernatant of Lb. salivarius SMXD51 was purified in three steps: (i) precipitation with 80% saturated ammonium sulfate, (ii) elution on a reversed phase SPE UPTI-CLEAN cartridge using different concentrations of acetonitrile, (iii) final purification by reversed phase HPLC on a C18 column. The mode of action of this peptide of 5383.2 Da was identified as bactericidal, and its amino acid composition was established. This new bacteriocin SMXD51 appears potentially very useful to reduce Campylobacter in poultry prior to processing. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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